Wolverhampton railway station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the former Great Western Railway station in Wolverhampton, see Wolverhampton Low Level railway station.
Wolverhampton National Rail
Wolverhampton station entrance.jpg
Location
Place Wolverhampton
Local authority City of Wolverhampton
Coordinates 52°35′15″N 2°07′12″W / 52.5875°N 2.1200°W / 52.5875; -2.1200Coordinates: 52°35′15″N 2°07′12″W / 52.5875°N 2.1200°W / 52.5875; -2.1200
Grid reference SO919988
Operations
Station code WVH
Managed by Virgin Trains
Number of platforms 6
DfT category B
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05 2.059 million
2005/06 Increase 2.255 million
2006/07 Increase 2.400 million
2007/08 Increase 2.510 million
2008/09 Increase 4.221 million
2009/10 Increase 4.280 million
2010/11 Increase 4.455 million
2011/12 Decrease 4.189 million
2012/13 Increase 4.207 million
2013/14 Increase 4.406 million
Passenger Transport Executive
PTE West Midlands
Zone 5
History
Original company Birmingham, Wolverhampton and Stour Valley Railway
Pre-grouping London and North Western Railway
Post-grouping London, Midland and Scottish Railway
1 July 1852 Opened as Wolverhampton (Queen Street)
1 June 1885 Renamed Wolverhampton (High Level)
7 May 1973 Renamed Wolverhampton
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Wolverhampton from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
UK Railways portal

Wolverhampton railway station in Wolverhampton, West Midlands, England is on the West Coast Main Line. It is served by London Midland, CrossCountry, Virgin Trains and Arriva Trains Wales, and was historically known as Wolverhampton High Level.

History[edit]

The first station on this site was opened on 1 July 1852 by the Birmingham, Wolverhampton and Stour Valley Railway, a subsidiary of the London and North Western Railway (LNWR); it was named Wolverhampton Queen Street.[1] The only visible remnant of the original station is the Queen's Building, the gateway to Railway Drive which was the approach road to the station. The building was originally the carriage entrance to the station and was completed three years before the main station building. Today, it forms part of Wolverhampton bus station.[2] Two years later, on 1 July 1854, the Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway (OWWR) opened a second station, located behind the older station on lower ground, which became known as the Wolverhampton Low Level station from April 1856, the other becoming known as Wolverhampton High Level from 1 June 1885.[1]

From 1923, the LNWR was amalgamated into the London Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS), and in 1948 it became part of the London Midland Region of British Railways.[3]

The present Wolverhampton station dates from 1967, when the High Level station was completely rebuilt as part of the modernisation programme which saw the West Coast Main Line electrified.[2] It consisted of three through platforms (the present platforms 1, 2 and 3). In the 1980s, a parcels siding was converted into a south-facing bay platform (the present platform 5), and a new north-facing bay was constructed (the present platform 6).

One of Kevin Atherton's Iron Horse sculptures, at Wolverhampton station.

In 1987 twelve different horse sculptures by Kevin Atherton, titled Iron Horse, were erected between New Street station and Wolverhampton, including one at the southern end of platforms 2 and 3.[4]

More recently (in 2004), a new through platform (platform 4) was constructed on the site of infrequently-used sidings. This has greatly enhanced the capacity of the station. A new footbridge was also constructed, to allow access to the new platform but also to improve access to the existing ones. A proposal for a more comprehensive redevelopment of the station and surrounding area was announced on 18 October 2006.[5]

Current operations[edit]

Typical weekday operations are as follows:

Virgin Trains:

London Midland:

  • 5tph to Birmingham New Street, of which two continue to Walsall
  • 2tph to Liverpool Lime Street, start/terminating at Crewe or Stafford in the peak hours
  • 1tph to Shrewsbury, calling all stations. Arriva Trains Wales operates this service on Sundays, with a 1tp2h frequency.
  • 1tpd to/from London Euston calling at Birmingham New Street, Birmingham International, Coventry, Rugby, Northampton, Milton Keynes Central and Watford Junction, (starting/terminating at Wolverhampton).

CrossCountry:

Arriva Trains Wales:

London Midland also run a single Saturdays-only parliamentary train on the line to Walsall via Pleck (the former Grand Junction Railway route that continues to New Street via Aston). This replaced the regular direct service that ran between 1998 and 2008 (when it was withdrawn due to low usage). Centro hope to reintroduce a regular service over the line in the future (ideally when the West Midlands area franchise comes up for renewal in 2015/6[6]) and reopen the old station at Willenhall, though it would require some infrastructure improvements here to accommodate it (i.e. a new bay platform & associated signalling).

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Smethwick
Galton Bridge
  Arriva Trains Wales
North Wales Coast Line
  Telford Central
Smethwick
Galton Bridge
  Arriva Trains Wales
Cambrian Line
  Telford Central
Smethwick Galton Bridge   London Midland
Birmingham-Liverpool
  Stafford
Coseley   London Midland
Birmingham-Liverpool
  Penkridge
Sandwell and
Dudley
or
Birmingham New Street or
Terminus
  London Midland
Wolverhampton/Birmingham-Shrewsbury
Mondays-Saturdays only
  Bilbrook
Coseley   London Midland
Walsall - Birmingham/Wolverhampton via Tipton
  Terminus
Terminus   London Midland
Wolverhampton to Walsall
  Walsall
Terminus   London Midland
Bescot Stadium-Wolverhampton
  Bescot Stadium
Sandwell and
Dudley
  Virgin Trains
London-Wolverhampton
  Terminus
Sandwell and Dudley   Virgin Trains
London Euston-Shrewsbury
  Telford Central
Birmingham
New Street
or
Sandwell and Dudley
  Virgin Trains
West Coast Main Line
  Crewe
Birmingham
New Street
  CrossCountry
Cross Country Network
  Stafford
Disused railways
Terminus   Wolverhampton and
Walsall Railway

Later Midland Railway
  Heath Town

Platforms[edit]

The new (dating from 2004) Platform 4 (left) at Wolverhampton.

Wolverhampton station has six platforms: platforms 1 to 4 are through platforms, while platforms 5 and 6 are bay platforms at the south and north ends respectively. Although all four platforms are reversible, in practice platform 1 is used for northbound services, platform 2 is used for northbound and southbound services, platforms 3 and 4 are used for southbound services. Platform 3 is also used for northbound services at busy times. Platform 5 is used by local services to Walsall via Birmingham New Street. Platform 6 was designed for local services on the Wolverhampton to Shrewsbury Line (and was formerly numbered Platform 1c) but is now rarely used, as the majority of services on that route travel through to Birmingham (or occasionally to Walsall). It is generally used for the first service of the day to Shrewsbury and for holding trains when they are not in use.

Platform 4 is now used for all Virgin Trains services from Edinburgh/Glasgow to London Euston. The timetable change on 8 December 2013 saw Virgin Trains running an hourly timetable from Scotland to Euston via the West Midlands and vice versa, replacing the Wolverhampton - Euston service.

All platforms at the station are electrified to 25 kV AC overhead power.

The Interchange Project[edit]

The railway station is earmarked for redevelopment as part of the Wolverhampton Interchange Project. Neptune Developments were selected for the project and plan to create a major mixed used area that includes both bus and railway stations, a hotel, retail outlets, bars, cafes and offices. Also on the plans are a link to the Metro, which will see Metro stops at the railway and bus stations to connect all the public transport facilities and create a comprehensive transport interchange in Wolverhampton city centre.

The plan is to completely rebuild the railway station and improve pedestrian access over the ring road, with a new footbridge link direct to the bus station. After a shortfall in funding for the project, it was decided that the development would take place in phases. Phase One began in April 2010 with the construction of the new bus station which was completed in 2011. A date for Phase Two, which includes the railway station, canalside development, and a hotel, has yet to be decided.[7]

On 31 December 2014 the first phase of the redevelopment of the Railway Station was announced, with the redevelopment of the station's car park, it will see the car park refurbished and extended to take the existing capacity from 520 to just over 900, it will also see a new entrance to the car park created from Mill Street, and will also include parking for Bikes and Motorbikes. It is also expected that a hotel will eventually be developed to change the facade of the Car Park.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 253. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508. 
  2. ^ a b Biddle, Gordon. Britain's Historic Railway Buildings: A Gazetteer of Structures (Second ed.). Hersham, Surrey: Ian Allan Publishing. pp. 379–380. ISBN 9780711034914. 
  3. ^ Whitehouse, Patrick; Thomas, David St John (1987). LMS 150: The London Midland and Scottish Railway - A Century and a Half of Progress. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. pp. 30–31, 188. ISBN 0-7153-8740-5. 01LO49. 
  4. ^ Public Sculpture of Birmingham including Sutton Coldfield, George T. Noszlopy, edited Jeremy Beach, 1998, ISBN 0-85323-692-5
  5. ^ "All change at station". Express & Star. 2006-10-18. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 
  6. ^ Plans to Reopen Rail Line are Put On Hold www.expressandstar.com, Retrieved 2013-09-02
  7. ^ http://www.wolverhamptoninterchange.co.uk/index.php
  8. ^ http://www.expressandstar.com/news/2014/12/31/500-extra-car-parking-spaces-to-be-created-at-wolverhampton-railway-station/

External links[edit]