Wolverley

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Wolverley
Wolverley village, Worcestershire - geograph.org.uk - 1025168.jpg
Wolverley village
Wolverley is located in Worcestershire
Wolverley
Wolverley
 Wolverley shown within Worcestershire
OS grid reference SO835795
District Wyre Forest
Shire county Worcestershire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Kidderminster
Postcode district DY10, DY11
Dialling code 01562
Police West Mercia
Fire Hereford and Worcester
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament Wyre Forest
List of places
UK
England
Worcestershire

Coordinates: 52°24′48″N 2°14′38″W / 52.41325°N 2.24401°W / 52.41325; -2.24401

Lea Castle, Wolverley, postcard photograph c.1900. Built after 1809 by John Knight I, ironmaster. Sold by his son John Knight II (1765-1850) in about 1818[1] to finance his purchase of Exmoor Forest, Somerset. Demolished c.1945 with the exception of the gatehouse which still stands. A series of watercolours c.1816 of the interiors of Lea Castle attributed to the painter John Carter (1748-1817) is held by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Elisha Whittelsey Collection, no. 56.601(4).[2]

Wolverley is a village, and with nearby Cookley (1 mile to NE) forms a civil parish in the Wyre Forest District of Worcestershire, England. It is located 2 miles north of Kidderminster and lies on the River Stour, and the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal. At the time of the 2001 census it had a population of 2,096.[3]

Notable features[edit]

There are 13 Listed Buildings within Wolverley, three of which are grade II*.[4]

One of the unusual features of the area are rooms cut into the sandstone cliffs behind some of the houses. In the centre of the village, next to the Queen’s Head Public House car-park are some caves which reflect this usage.[4]

Wolverley has one of the few remaining animal pounds in the area.[5]

St. John's Church[edit]

Woverley's Church of England and parish church is dedicated to St. John. It is claimed as a tradition that there has been a church or chapel on the site since Anglo-Saxon times. The first documented evidence of a church was the mention of a parish priest in the village in the Domesday Book (1086). A church on the site of the current parish church site has been in deanery of Kidderminster since the 13th Century. The current building was consecrated on 20 September 1772, and belongs to the Church of England.[6]

History[edit]

Wolverley was recorded in the Doomsday Book (1086) under an ancient spelling of Ulwardelie.[7]

The Legend of the Swan[edit]

According to ancient legend a crusading member of the Attwood family was rescued from a dungeon and returned to his home Wolverley Court by a swan.[8][9]

William Sebright[edit]

Wolverley was the birthplace of William Sebright, who as a Town Clerk of London accumulated an estate in Bethnal Green, which he left in his will of 1620 for the foundation of a grammar school in Wolverley.[10] The site of the original Wolverley Grammar School is still in the centre of the village: the grammar school changed its name to Sebright School in 1931 when it moved to a new site. The new school was opened by Bewdley-born Stanley Baldwin.[11] Between 1948 and 1970 Sebright was a public school, and from 1965 to 1969 the sculptor Fritz Steller was the Head of Art. Sebright School closed in 1970[12] and reopened as Wolverley High School, now called Wolverley C E Secondary School, a state run secondary school. However, the junior wing, Heathfield School, continued in existence and now includes pupils up to 16. Over the years the endowment left by William Sebright has grown to millions of pounds, and the original scope of the educational foundation he set up has been broadened to include grants to local schools, and to former pupils of those schools.[13]

Tinplate Industry[edit]

Main article: Tinning

Wolverley Lower Mill, which was established in 1670 by Philip Foley and Joshua Newborough, helped the village play a key role in the early tinplate industry.[14]

Baskerville the printer[edit]

The village was also the birthplace of John Baskerville, the celebrated printer (1706–1775).[15]

Wolverley Camp[edit]

During the Second World War the US Army Medical Corps opened its award winning 52nd general hospital at Wolverley Camp.[16]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ VCH, Worcs, op.cit
  2. ^ "1-20 of 957 results for lea castle". Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved July 2012. 
  3. ^ 2001 Census[dead link]
  4. ^ a b Wolverley Conservation Area Character Appraisal, Wyre Forest District Council, July 2007, p. 17 
  5. ^ Wolverley Conservation Area Character Appraisal, Wyre Forest District Council, July 2007, p. 23, The animal pound, and the surrounding grass is currently completely fenced off with hoped railings, whilst the original door is now looking in poor condition. As part of the history of the Area, and one of the few such remaining pounds in the area, this feature should be enhanced. 
  6. ^ Church staff, St. John's Church in Wolverley, St. John the Baptist Church Wolverley, retrieved July 2012 
  7. ^ Allies 2003, p. 307.
  8. ^ ""Parishes: Wolverley"", Victoria County History, Worcestershire 3, 1913, pp. 567–573 
  9. ^ Church staff, The Legend of the Swan, St. John the Baptist Church Wolverley, retrieved July 2012 
  10. ^ [author missing] "Bethnal Green: Estates", in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 11: Stepney, Bethnal Green (1998), pp. 155-68
  11. ^ "Arrangements for to-day", The Times, London, 10 October 1931, p. 15.
  12. ^ "School to close", The Times, London, 21 February 1970, p. 3.
  13. ^ Old Wolvernians Chapel Fund
  14. ^ King 1988, pp. 104-13.
  15. ^ Famous Brummies and others that worked or lived in Birmingham
  16. ^ Wolverley Camp: ex-Army Barracks near Kidderminster

References[edit]

  • Allies, Jabez (2003), On the Ancient British, Roman and Saxon Antiquities and Folklore of Worcestershire, Kessinger publishing's rare reprints (reprint ed.), Kessinger Publishing, p. 307, ISBN 9780766162259 
  • King, P. W. (1988), "Wolverley Lower Mill and the Beginnings of the Tinplate Industry", Historical Metallurgy 22 (2 pages=104-13) 

External links[edit]