Women's College World Series

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The Women's College World Series (WCWS) is the final portion of the NCAA Division I Softball Championship for college softball in the United States. The tournament format consists of two four-team double-elimination brackets. The winners of each bracket then compete in a best-of-three series to determine the Division I WCWS National Champion. The WCWS takes place at ASA Hall of Fame Stadium in Oklahoma City. From 1969 to 1981, the women's collegiate softball championship was also known as the Women's College World Series and was promoted as such.[1] In these early years, the series was played in Omaha.

Softball was one of twelve women's sports added to the NCAA championship program for the 1981-82 school year, as the NCAA engaged in battle with the AIAW for sole governance of women's collegiate sports. The AIAW continued to conduct its established championship program in the same twelve (and other) sports; however, after a year of dual women's championships, the NCAA conquered the AIAW and usurped its authority and membership.[2]

Division I[edit]

Year Champion Title
Series
Score
Runner-up Tie-3rd Tie-5th Tie-7th
1982 UCLA
WCAA
2-0 (8 inn) Fresno State
NorPac
Cal St. Fullerton
WCAA
Arizona State
WCAA
Nebraska
Big Eight
Western Michigan
MAC
Creighton
Gateway
Oklahoma State
Big Eight
1983 Texas A&M
Southwest
2-0 (12 inn) Cal State Fullerton
WCAA
UCLA
WCAA
South Carolina
Independent
Louisiana Tech
Southland
Pacific
NorPac
Indiana
Big Ten
Missouri
Big Eight
1984 UCLA
WCAA
1-0 (13 inn) Texas A&M
Southwest
Northwestern
Big Ten
Nebraska
Big Eight
Adelphi
Atlantic 10
Fresno State
NorPac
Cal Poly Pomona
CCAA
Utah State
High Country
1985 2-1 (9 inn) Nebraska*
Big Eight
Cal St. Fullerton
PCAA
Cal Poly Pomona
CCAA
Adelphi
Atlantic 10
Northwestern
Big Ten
Louisiana Tech
Southland
Utah
High Country
1986 Cal State Fullerton
PCAA
3-0 Texas A&M
Southwest
California
NorPac
Indiana
Big Ten
Creighton
Gateway
Long Beach State
PCAA
Louisiana Tech
Southland
Northwestern
Big Ten
1987 Texas A&M
Southwest
4-1 UCLA
Pac-10
Cal St. Fullerton
PCAA
Nebraska
Big Eight
Central Michigan
MAC
Fresno State
PCAA
Arizona State
Pac-10
Florida State
Metro
1988 UCLA
Pac-10
3-0 Fresno State
PCAA
Arizona
Pac-10
Cal Poly Pomona
CCAA
Nebraska
Big Eight
Texas A&M
Southwest
Aldelphi
Atlantic 10
Northern Illinois
North Star
1989 1-0 Arizona
Pac-10
Oklahoma State
Big Eight
Cal Poly Pomona
CCAA
Oregon
Pac-10
South Carolina
Metro
Toledo
MAC
1990 2-0 Florida State
Metro
Oklahoma State
Big Eight
Long Beach State
Big West
UNLV
Big West
Arizona
Pac-10
Kent State
MAC
1991 Arizona
Pac-10
5-1 UCLA
Pac-10
Fresno State
Big West
Long Beach State
Big West
Florida State
Metro
Missouri
Big Eight
UNLV
Big West
Utah
WAC
1992 UCLA
Pac-10
2-0 Arizona
Pac-10
Fresno State
Big West
Massachusetts
Atlantic 10
California
Pac-10
Long Beach State
Big West
Florida State
ACC
Kansas
Big Eight
1993 Arizona
Pac-10
1-0 UCLA
Pac-10
Southwestern Louisiana
Sun Belt
Oklahoma State
Big Eight
Cal St. Northridge
WAC
Connecticut
Big East
Florida State
ACC
Long Beach State
Big West
1994 4-0 Cal State Northridge
WAC
Oklahoma State
Big Eight
UCLA
Pac-10
Fresno State
WAC
Utah
WAC
UIC
Mid-Con
Missouri
Big Eight
1995 UCLA**
Pac-10
4-2 Arizona
Pac-10
Iowa
Big Ten
UNLV
Big West
Cal St. Fullerton
Big West
SW Louisiana
Sun Belt
Michigan
Big Ten
Princeton
Ivy
1996 Arizona
Pac-10
6-4 Washington
Pac-10
Iowa
Big Ten
UCLA
Pac-10
California
Pac-10
SW Louisiana
Sun Belt
Michigan
Big Ten
Princeton
Ivy
1997 10-2 (5 inn) UCLA
Pac-10
Fresno State
WAC
Washington
Pac-10
Iowa
Big Ten
Michigan
Big Ten
Massachusetts
Atlantic 10
South Carolina
SEC
1998 Fresno State
WAC
1-0 Arizona
Pac-10
Oklahoma State
Big 12
Washington
Pac-10
Michigan
Big Ten
Nebraska
Big 12
Massachusetts
Atlantic 10
Texas
Big 12
1999 UCLA
Pac-10
3-2 Washington
Pac-10
California
Pac-10
DePaul
Conference USA
Arizona
Pac-10
Fresno State
WAC
Arizona State
Pac-10
Southern Miss
Conference USA
2000 Oklahoma
Big 12
3-1 UCLA
Pac-10
Arizona
Pac-10
Southern Miss
Conference USA
Alabama
SEC
Washington
Pac-10
California
Pac-10
DePaul
Conference USA
2001 Arizona
Pac-10
1-0 UCLA
Pac-10
LSU
SEC
Stanford
Pac-10
California
Pac-10
Oklahoma
Big 12
Iowa
Big Ten
Michigan
Big Ten
2002 California
Pac-10
6-0 Arizona
Pac-10
Arizona State
Pac-10
Florida State
ACC
Nebraska
Big 12
UCLA
Pac-10
Michigan
Big Ten
Oklahoma
Big 12
2003 UCLA
Pac-10
1-0 (9 inn) California
Pac-10
Arizona
Pac-10
Texas
Big 12
Oklahoma
Big 12
Washington
Pac-10
Alabama
SEC
LA-Lafayette
Sun Belt
2004 3-1 LSU
SEC
Stanford
Pac-10
Florida State
ACC
Oklahoma
Big 12
Michigan
Big Ten
Washington
Pac-10
2005*** Michigan
Big Ten
0-5
5-2
4-1 (10 inn)
UCLA
Pac-10
Tennessee
SEC
Texas
Big 12
Alabama
SEC
Arizona
Pac-10
California
Pac-10
DePaul
Conference USA
2006 Arizona
Pac-10
8-0
5-0
Northwestern
Big Ten
Tennessee
SEC
UCLA
Pac-10
Arizona State
Pac-10
Texas
Big 12
Alabama
SEC
Oregon State
Pac-10
2007 0-3
1-0 (10 inn)
5-0
Tennessee
SEC
Northwestern
Big Ten
Washington
Pac-10
Baylor
Big 12
DePaul
Big East
Arizona State
Pac-10
Texas A&M
Big 12
2008 Arizona State
Pac-10
3-0
11-0
Texas A&M
Big 12
Alabama
SEC
Florida
SEC
LA-Lafayette
Sun Belt
UCLA
Pac-10
Arizona
Pac-10
Virginia Tech
ACC
2009 Washington
Pac-10
8-0
3-2
Florida
SEC
Alabama
SEC
Georgia
SEC
Arizona
Pac-10
Michigan
Big Ten
Arizona State
Pac-10
Missouri
Big 12
2010 UCLA
Pac-10
6-5 (8 inn)
15-9
Arizona
Pac-10
Georgia
SEC
Tennessee
SEC
Florida
SEC
Hawaii
WAC
Missouri
Big 12
Washington
Pac-10
2011 Arizona State
Pac-10
14-4
7-2
Florida
SEC
Alabama
SEC
Baylor
Big 12
California
Pac-10
Missouri
Big 12
Oklahoma
Big 12
Oklahoma State
Big 12
2012 Alabama
SEC
1-4
8-6
5-4
Oklahoma
Big 12
California
Pac-12
Arizona State
Pac-12
LSU
SEC
Oregon
Pac-12
South Florida
Big East
Tennessee
SEC
2013 Oklahoma
Big 12
5-3 (12 inn)
4-0
Tennessee
SEC
Washington
Pac-12
Texas
Big 12
Michigan
Big Ten
Florida
SEC
Arizona State
Pac-12
Nebraska
Big Ten

* Nebraska's runner-up finish in 1985 was vacated by the NCAA.

** The 1995 title by UCLA and any related records have been vacated by the NCAA due to scholarship violations. Criticism also centered on UCLA player Tanya Harding who was recruited from Queensland, Australia midway through the 1995 season. After UCLA captured the NCAA National Championship, Harding, the MVP of the tournament, returned to her homeland without taking final exams or earning a single college credit. Despite not violating any formal rules in recruiting Harding, the incident generated heated criticism that some foreign athletes were little more than hired guns.[3][4]

*** Beginning in 2005, a best-of-three series determines the national championship.

NCAA Championships by school[edit]

School Championships Years
UCLA* 11 1982, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1999, 2003, 2004, 2010
Arizona 8 1991, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 2001, 2006, 2007
Arizona State 2 2008, 2011
Oklahoma 2 2000, 2013
Texas A&M 2 1983, 1987
Alabama 1 2012
Cal St. Fullerton 1 1986
Fresno St. 1 1998
Michigan 1 2005
Washington 1 2009
California 1 2002
*UCLA also won the 1995 title, but it has since been vacated by the NCAA; see above.

Pre-NCAA Championships by school[edit]

School Championships Years
John F. Kennedy College (Nebraska) 3 1969, 1970, 1971
Arizona State 2 1972, 1973
Utah State 2 1980, 1981
Florida State 2 1981, 1982 Slow Pitch
UCLA 1 1978
Southwest Missouri State 1 1974
Omaha 1 1975
Michigan State 1 1976
Northern Iowa 1 1977
Texas Woman's 1 1979

Championships & Appearances by School †[edit]

(color coded by current conference)

School Championships
(Through 2013)
Title Games
(Through 2013)
WCWS Appearances
(Through 2013)
UCLA* 11 19 24
Arizona 8 13 22
Cal 1 3 12
Fresno St 1 5 12
Arizona St 2 2 11
Washington 1 3 11
Michigan 1 1 10
Oklahoma 2 3 8
Alabama 1 1 8
Texas A&M 2 5 7
Nebraska* 0 0 7
Oklahoma St 0 0 7
Florida St 0 0 7
CS Fullerton 1 2 6
Missouri 0 0 6
Tennessee 0 2 6
Northwestern 0 1 5
La-Lafayette 0 0 5
Long Beach St 0 0 5
Florida 0 2 5
Texas 0 0 5
DePaul 0 0 4
Iowa 0 0 4
CalPoly Pomona 0 0 4
CS Northridge 0 1 2
  • UCLA's 1995 title and Nebraska's 1985 runner-up were vacated by the NCAA and are not counted

1-3 WCWS appearances with No title games:
- 3 appearances: Utah, LSU, South Carolina, UNLV, UMass, Adelphi, Louisiana Tech
- 2 appearances: Oregon, Stanford, Georgia, Baylor, Indiana, Princeton, Creighton, So Mississippi
- 1 appearance: Oregon St, South Florida, Utah St, Hawaii, UConn, Kansas, Virginia Tech, W Michigan, C Michigan, No Illinois, Ill-Chicago, Kent St, Toledo, Pacific

Championships & Appearances by conference †[edit]

Conference Championships
(Through 2012)
Title Game/Series Appearances
(Through 2013)
WCWS Appearances
(Through 2013)
Pac-121 23 36 79
Big 12 2 3 25
SEC 1 4 25
Big Ten 1 2 22
Big West2 1 4 19
Big Eight3 (d) 12
WAC4 1 2 11
Atlantic 10 6
Southwest5 (d) 2 4 5
ACC 7
Conference USA 5
Sun Belt 5
CCAA 4
MAC 4
Metro (d) 4
Southland 3
Big East 3
Ivy 2
Gateway6 2
Independent 1
Mid-Con7 1
NorPac8 (d) 1 3
North Star9 (d) 1
WCAA9 (d) 3 3 6
1UCLA's 1995 WCWS participation & title were vacated by the NCAA, and are not included in these figures; see above. The Pac-12, which adopted its current name on July 1, 2011, retains all historical records from its years as the Pac-10. The conference had adopted the "Pac-10" name in 1978, but did not begin sponsoring women's sports until the 1986–87 school year.
2The Big West Conference was known as the Pacific Coast Athletic Association until July 1988. Totals include all appearances by conference members under both names, but includes only appearances after the conference began sponsoring women's sports in 1984–85.
3 Nebraska's 1985 WCWS participation & title game appearance were vacated by the NCAA, and are not included in these totals. The Big Eight merged with four teams from the Southwest Conference to form the Big 12 in 1996.
4The Western Athletic Conference (WAC) did not sponsor women's sports until the 1990–91 academic year, after absorbing the High Country Athletic Conference (HCAC), a parallel women's-only conference. The WAC maintains all historic records from the HCAC; totals include Utah State's 1984 and Utah's 1985 appearances while in the HCAC.
5Texas A&M won two titles, made four title game appearances and five WCWS appearances while they were still members of the Southwest Conference. This conference is now defunct. Texas A&M was a charter member of the Big 12 in 1996, but left for the Southeastern Conference in July 2012.
6The Gateway Collegiate Athletic Conference still exists, but no longer uses that name, and no longer sponsors women's sports. It was originally a women's-only conference parallel to the Missouri Valley Conference (MVC). In 1985, after the MVC stopped sponsoring football, the Gateway took on football as its only men's sport. In 1992, the women's portion of the Gateway merged into the MVC, which maintains all historic records of Gateway women's sports. The football side of the conference maintained the Gateway charter, first as the Gateway Football Conference and now the Missouri Valley Football Conference.
7The Mid-Continent Conference adopted its current name of The Summit League in June 2007.
8The NorPac, in full the Northern Pacific Conference, was a women's-only conference that operated from 1982 to 1986. The conference disbanded when the then-Pac-10,.home to five of the final seven NorPac members, began sponsoring women's sports in 1986–87. The remaining two schools, which were members of the PCAA for men's sports, moved their women's sports to that conference.
9The North Star Conference was a women's-only conference that merged into the Mid-Con, now The Summit League, in 1992. The Summit maintains all historic records of North Star sports.
10The WCAA, in full the Western Collegiate Athletic Association, was a women's-only conference that operated from 1981 to 1986. Its final five members were all members of the conference known at the time as the Pac-10, and moved their women's sports to that league.
(d) Conference is now defunct.

† Excludes results of the pre-NCAA Women's College World Series of 1969 through 1981 (as well as the 1982 AIAW Division I tournament won by Texas A&M).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mary L. Littlewood (1998). Women's Fastpitch Softball - The Path to the Gold, An Historical Look at Women's Fastpitch in the United States (first ed.). National Fastpitch Coaches Association, Columbia, Missouri. pp. 145, 208. ISBN 0-9664310-0-6. 
  2. ^ Grundy, Pamela; Susan Shackelford (2005). Shattering the Glass. The New Press. ISBN 1-56584-822-5. 
  3. ^ Starr, Mark (June 12, 1995). "No Credit For UCLA". Newsweek. p. 58. 
  4. ^ Montville, Leigh (June 12, 1995). "Ringer From Down Under". Sports Illustrated. 

External links[edit]