Women's Cricket World Cup

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ICC Women's Cricket World Cup
Administrator International Cricket Council
Format Women's ODI
First tournament 1973, England
Last tournament 2013, India
Current champion  Australia (6th title)
Most successful  Australia (6 titles)
Most runs Debbie Hockley (1,501)
Most wickets Lyn Fullston (39)
2013 Women's Cricket World Cup

The ICC Women's Cricket World Cup is the premier international championship of women's One Day International cricket. The event is organised by the sport's governing body, the International Cricket Council (ICC). It was originally administered by the International Women's Cricket Council until the two associations merged in 2005. The first tournament was held in England in 1973, two years before the first men's tournament.

Participation in the tournament has varied through the eight competitions: fifteen different teams have played, but only Australia, England and New Zealand have appeared in every tournament. India have appeared in all but two of the competitions. Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago and Young England have all appeared in just one tournament: in each case, the first competition, in 1973.

The most recent tournament, the 2013 Women's Cricket World Cup, was held in India for the third time in February. In the final Australia beat West Indies by 114 runs at the Brabourne Stadium.

History[edit]

First World Cup[edit]

Women's international cricket was first played in 1934, when a party from England toured Australia and New Zealand. The first Test match was played on 28–31 December 1934, and was won by England.[1] The first Test against New Zealand followed early the following year. These three nations remained the only Test playing teams in women's cricket until 1960, when South Africa played a number of matches against England.[1] Limited overs cricket was first played by first-class teams in England in 1962.[2] Nine years later, the first international one day match was played in men's cricket, when England took on Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.[3]

Talks began in 1971 about holding a World Cup for women's cricket, led by Jack Hayward.[4] South Africa, under pressure from the world for their apartheid laws, were not invited to take part in the competition.[5] Both of the other two Test playing nations, Australia and New Zealand were invited. Hayward had previously organised tours of the West Indies by England women, and it was from this region that the other two competing nations were drawn; Jamaica and Trinidad & Tobago. To make up the numbers, England also fielded a "Young England" team, and an "International XI" was also included.[4] Five South Africans were invited to play for the International XI as a means of compensation for the team not being invited, but these invitations were later withdrawn.[5]

The inaugural tournament was held at a variety of venues across England in June and July 1973,[6] two years before the first men's Cricket World Cup was played.[7] The competition was played as a round-robin tournament, and the last scheduled match was England against Australia. Australia went into the game leading the table by a solitary point: they had won four matches and had one abandoned. England had also won four matches, but they had lost to New Zealand.[6][8] As a result, the match also served as a de facto final for the competition. England won the match, held at Edgbaston, Birmingham by 92 runs to win the tournament.[9]

Tournament history[edit]

List of finals[edit]

Key to list of finals
dagger The final was played as a day/night game.
double-dagger The final was decided by the Duckworth–Lewis method.
  • The "Year" column refers to the year the World Cup was held, and links to the article about that tournament.
  • The links in the "Result" column point to the article about that tournament's final game.
  • Links in the "Winners" and "Runners-up" columns point to the articles for the national cricket teams of the countries, not the articles for the countries.
  • There were no finals in 1973 and 1978 with the top team in the round robin competition being declared winners.
List of finals, along with the host nation and location and result of the final
Year Winner Result Runner-up Final venue Host nation(s)
1982[10]  Australia
152/7 (59 overs)
Australia won by 3 wickets  England
151/5 (60 overs)
Lancaster Park, Christchurch New Zealand
1988[11]  Australia
129/2 (44.5 overs)
Australia won by 3 wickets  England
127/7 (60 overs)
Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne Australia
1993[12]  England
195/5 (60 overs)
England won by 67 runs  New Zealand
128 (55.1 overs)
Lord's, London England
1997[13]  Australia
165/5 (47.4 overs)
Australia won by 5 wickets  New Zealand
164 (49.3 overs)
Eden Gardens, Kolkata India
2000[14]  New Zealand
184 (48.4 overs)
New Zealand won by 4 runs  Australia
180 (49.1 overs)
Bert Sutcliffe Oval, Lincoln New Zealand
2005[15]  Australia
215/4 (50 overs)
Australia won by 98 runs  India
117 (46 overs)
SuperSport Park, Centurion South Africa
2009  England
167/6 (46.1 overs)
England won by 4 wickets  New Zealand
166 (47.2 overs)
North Sydney Oval, Sydney Australia
2013  Australia
259/7 (50 overs)
Australia won by 114 runs  West Indies
145 (43.1 overs)
Brabourne Stadium, Mumbai India
2017 England
2021 New Zealand

Participation[edit]

Karen Rolton won the title twice as part of the Australian team.
Team 1973 1978 1982 1988 1993 1997 2000 2005 2009 2013
 Australia 2nd 1st 1st 1st 3rd 1st 2nd 1st 4th 1st
 Denmark 8th 1R
 England 1st 2nd 2nd 2nd 1st SF 5th SF 1st 3rd*
 India 4th 4th 4th SF SF 2nd 3rd* 7th
United Nations International XI 4th 5th
 Ireland 4th 5th QF 7th 8th
 Jamaica 6th
 Netherlands 5th 7th QF 8th
 New Zealand 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd* 2nd 2nd 1st SF 2nd 4th
 Pakistan 1R 6th 8th
 South Africa QF SF 6th 7th 6th
 Sri Lanka QF 6th 7th 8th 5th
 Trinidad and Tobago 5th
England Young England 7th
 West Indies 6th 1R 5th 5th 2nd

Note: * indicates only when there was a match exclusively played for the 3rd spot

Records[edit]

World Cup records
Batting
Most runs Debbie Hockley  New Zealand 1,501 1982–2000 [16]
Highest average (min. 10 innings) Karen Rolton  Australia 74.92 1997–2009 [17]
Highest score Belinda Clark  Australia 229 not out 1997 [18]
Highest partnership Haidee Tiffen & Suzie Bates  New Zealand 262 2009 [19]
Most runs in a tournament Debbie Hockley  New Zealand 456 1997 [20]
Bowling
Most wickets Lyn Fullston  Australia 39 1982–1988 [21]
Lowest average (min. 500 balls bowled) Katrina Keenan  New Zealand 9.72 1997–2000 [22]
Best bowling figures Jackie Lord  New Zealand 6/10 1982 [23]
Most wickets in a tournament Lyn Fullston  Australia 23 1982 [24]
Fielding
Most dismissals (wicket-keeper) Jane Smit  England 40 1993–2005 [25]
Most catches (fielder) Janette Brittin  England 19 1982–1997 [26]
Team
Highest score  Australia (v Denmark) 412/3 1997 [27]
Lowest score  Pakistan (v Australia) 27 1997 [28]
Highest win %  Australia 87.16 [29]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Heyhoe Flint & Rheinberg (1976), pp. 175–180.
  2. ^ Williamson, Martin (9 April 2011). "The low-key birth of one-day cricket". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  3. ^ Williamson, Martin (22 June 2010). "The birth of the one-day international". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Heyhoe Flint & Rheinberg (1976), p. 168.
  5. ^ a b "World Cups 1926–1997". Women's Cricket History. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "Women's World Cup, 1973 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  7. ^ Baker, Andrew (20 March 2009). "England women's cricketers aiming to lift World Cup for third time". The Daily Telegraph (London: Telegraph Media Group). Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  8. ^ "Women's World Cup 1973 Table". CricketArchive. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "21st Match: England Women v Australia Women at Birmingham, Jul 28, 1973". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  10. ^ Thompson, Jenny. "A brief history ...". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  11. ^ Thompson, Jenny. "A brief history ...". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  12. ^ Thompson, Jenny. "A brief history ...". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  13. ^ Thompson, Jenny. "A brief history ...". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  14. ^ Thompson, Jenny. "A brief history ...". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  15. ^ Thompson, Jenny. "A brief history ...". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  16. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Most runs". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  17. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Highest averages". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  18. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / High scores". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  19. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Highest partnerships by runs". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  20. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Most runs in a series". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  21. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  22. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Best averages". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  23. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Best bowling figures in an innings". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  24. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Most wickets in a series". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  25. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Most dismissals". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  26. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Most catches". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  27. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Highest totals". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  28. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Lowest totals". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  29. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Result summary". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]