Women's Educational Equity Act
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The Women's Educational Equity Act (WEEA) of 1974 is one of the several landmark laws passed by the United States Congress outlining federal protections against the gender discrimination of women in education. WEEA was enacted as Section 513 of P.L. 93-380. Introduced in the United States House of Representatives by Congresswoman Patsy Mink of Hawaiʻi, the legislation was conceived and drafted by Arlene Horowitz, a staff assistant to the education subcommittee on which Rep. Mink served. WEEA was intended to combat sex-role stereotyping in elementary and secondary schools primarily.
In 1982, Leslie Wolfe, WEEA's director when Ronald Reagan was elected, was transferred out of that position and individuals aligned with Phyllis Schlafly's right-wing Republican Eagle Forum were brought in to review grant proposals being considered for WEEA funds. In 1984, feminists persuaded Congress to rewrite the WEEA legislation making its mission and purpose more explicit and therefore keeping its actions true to its original goal. <Davis, Flora. "Moving the Mountain: The Women's Movement in America Since 1960". New York, Simon & Schuster, 1991, pg. 443./>
In 2003, the George W. Bush administration ended federal funds for WEEA's Resource Center, a mechanism for collection and sharing of information about gender equity programs. <vivhdem. "Reauthorization of the Women's Educational Equity Act (WEEA) of 2001". Online posting. The National Council for Research on Women. 15 July 2010. http://www.ncrw.org/content/womens-educational-equity-act-weea./>
The last documented funding for WEEA was in 2010. <Online posting. U.S. Department of Education. http://www2.ed.gov/programs/equity/funding.html./> For the fiscal year 2014, the President's budget does not request funding for WEEA. <Online posting. National Alliance for Partnerships in Equity. http://napequity.org/public-policy/current-laws-and-bills/womens-educational-equity-act./>
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