Women's Hockey World Cup

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For the men's tournament, see Hockey World Cup.
For other hockey World Cups, see World Cup (disambiguation).
Women's Hockey World Cup
Current season, competition or edition:
2014 Women's Hockey World Cup
Sport Field hockey
Founded 1974
No. of teams 12
Continent International (FIH)
Most recent champion(s)  Netherlands (7th title)
Most titles  Netherlands (7 titles)
Official website worldhockey.org

The Women's Hockey World Cup is the field hockey World Cup competition for women, whose format for qualification and final tournament is similar to the men's. It has been held since 1974. The tournament has been organised by the International Hockey Federation (FIH) since they merged with the International Federation of Women's Hockey Associations (IFWHA) in 1982. Since 1986, it has been held regularly once every four years, in the same year as the men's competition, which is mid cycle between Summer Olympic games.

Of the twelve tournaments held so far, only four teams have won the event. Netherlands is the most successful team, having won the title seven times. Argentina, Germany and Australia are joint second best teams, having each won the title twice. So far, Netherlands and Australia are the two champions able to defend their titles. At the end of the 2014 World Cup, fourteen nations had reached the semifinal of the tournament.

The size of the tournament has changed over time. The 1974 and 1978 World Cups featured 10 nations (smallest); the 1976 World Cup featured 11 nations; the 2002 World Cup featured 16 nations (largest); and the remaining seven World Cups have featured 12 nations. The World Cup will expand to 16 teams again in 2018, and the FIH will evaluate the possibility of increasing it to 24 in 2022.[1]

The 2014 tournament was held in The Hague, Netherlands from 2 to 14 June,[2] with Netherlands winning a record seventh title after beating Australia 2–0 in the final.[3]

Results[edit]

Summaries[edit]

Year Host Final Third place match
Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place
1974
Details
Mandelieu, France
Netherlands
1–0
after extra time

Argentina

West Germany
2–0
India
1976
Details
West Berlin, West Germany
West Germany
2–0
Argentina

Netherlands
1–0
Belgium
1978
Details
Madrid, Spain
Netherlands
1–0
West Germany

Argentina

Belgium
0–0[4]
1981
Details
Buenos Aires, Argentina
West Germany
1–1
(3–1)
Penalty strokes

Netherlands

Soviet Union
5–1
Australia
1983
Details
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Netherlands
4–2
Canada

Australia
3–1
West Germany
1986
Details
Amstelveen, Netherlands
Netherlands
3–0
West Germany

Canada
3–2
after extra time

New Zealand
1990
Details
Sydney
Netherlands
3–1
Australia

South Korea
3–2
England
1994
Details
Dublin, Ireland
Australia
2–0
Argentina

United States
2–1
Germany
1998
Details
Utrecht, Netherlands
Australia
3–2
Netherlands

Germany
3–2
Argentina
2002
Details
Perth, Australia
Argentina
1–1
(4–3)
Penalty strokes

Netherlands

China
2–0
Australia
2006
Details
Madrid, Spain
Netherlands
3–1
Australia

Argentina
5–0
Spain
2010
Details
Rosario, Argentina
Argentina
3–1
Netherlands

England
2–0
Germany
2014
Details
The Hague, Netherlands
Netherlands
2–0
Australia

Argentina
2–1
United States
2018
Details
London, England

Successful national teams[edit]

Team Titles Runners-up Third places Fourth places
 Netherlands 7 (1974, 1978, 1983, 1986*, 1990, 2006, 2014*) 4 (1981, 1998*, 2002, 2010) 1 (1976)
 Argentina 2 (2002, 2010*) 3 (1974, 1976, 1994) 3 (1978, 2006, 2014) 1 (1998)
 Australia 2 (1994, 1998) 3 (1990*, 2006, 2014) 1 (1983) 2 (1981, 2002*)
 Germany^ 2 (1976*, 1981) 2 (1978, 1986) 2 (1974, 1998) 3 (1983, 1994, 2010)
 Canada 1 (1983) 1 (1986)
 Belgium 1 (1978) 1 (1976)
 United States 1 (1994) 1 (2014)
 England 1 (2010) 1 (1990)
 Soviet Union# 1 (1981)
 South Korea 1 (1990)
 China 1 (2002)
 India 1 (1974)
 New Zealand 1 (1986)
 Spain 1 (2006*)
* = host nation
^ = includes results representing West Germany between 1974 and 1990
# = states that have since split into two or more independent nations

Performance by continental zones[edit]

Continent Best performance
Europe 9 titles, won by the Netherlands (7) and Germany (2)
America 2 titles, won by Argentina
Oceania 2 titles, won by Australia
Asia Third place (Korea, 1990 and China, 2002)
Africa Seventh place (South Africa, 1998)

Team appearances[edit]

Team 1974 1976 1978 1981 1983 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 Total
 Argentina 2nd 2nd 3rd 6th 9th 7th 9th 2nd 4th 1st 3rd 1st 3rd 13
 Australia 4th 3rd 6th 2nd 1st 1st 4th 2nd 5th 2nd 10
 Austria 8th 9th 12th 3
 Belgium 5th 4th 3rd 8th 12th 5
 Canada 5th 5th 2nd 3rd 10th 10th 6
 Czechoslovakia# 9th Defunct 1
 China 6th 7th 11th 3rd 10th 8th 6th 7
 England 5th 5th 4th 9th 9th 5th 7th 3rd 11th Q 10
 France 7th 6th 9th 3
 Germany^ 3rd 1st 2nd 1st 4th 2nd 8th 4th 3rd 7th 8th 4th 8th 13
 India 4th 7th 11th 12th 11th 9th 6
 Ireland 12th 11th 15th 3
 Italy 10th 1
 Japan 6th 7th 11th 10th 5th 11th 10th 7
 Mexico 10th 7th 11th 3
 Netherlands 1st 3rd 1st 2nd 1st 1st 1st 6th 2nd 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 13
 New Zealand 7th 4th 7th 6th 11th 7th 5th 7
 Nigeria 11th 10th 2
 Russia Part of the Soviet Union 12th 16th 2
 Scotland 8th 10th 10th 12th 4
 South Africa 7th 13th 12th 10th 9th 5
 South Korea 3rd 5th 5th 6th 9th 6th 7th 7
 Soviet Union# 3rd 10th 8th Defunct 3
 Spain 6th 5th 8th 10th 11th 5th 8th 8th 4th 12th 10
 Switzerland 9th 8th 2
 Ukraine Part of the Soviet Union 14th 1
 United States 6th 9th 12th 3rd 8th 9th 6th 4th 8
 Wales 12th 1
Total 10 11 10 12 12 12 12 12 12 16 12 12 12 16 171
^ = includes results representing West Germany between 1974 and 1990
# = states that have since split into two or more independent nations

Argentina, Germany and the Netherlands are the only teams to have competed at each World Cup; 28 teams have competed in at least one World Cup.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Cup field to expand to 16 teams in 2018". FIH. 2012-11-01. Retrieved 2012-11-03. 
  2. ^ "Netherlands to host 2014 FIH Men's & Women's World Cups". FIH. 2010-11-11. Retrieved 2010-11-13. 
  3. ^ "Netherlands women crowned Rabobank Hockey World Cup champions". FIH. 2014-06-14. Retrieved 2014-06-14. 
  4. ^ "Las Leonas del pasado". El Grafico. 2010-11-15. Retrieved 2012-11-06.