Women's International Art Club
|Paris International Art Club|
The Women's International Art Club, briefly known as the Paris International Art Club, was founded in Paris in 1900. The club was intended to "promote contacts between women artists of all nations and to arrange exhibitions of their work", and until it dissolved in 1976 it provided a way for women to exhibit their art work. The first exhibition of the club was held in Paris in 1900, and another at the Grafton Galleries in London in the same year. Members of the club included Elizabeth Frink, Gwen John and Orovida Pissarro.
The Paris International Art Club was founded in Paris in 1900, and changed its name to the Women's International Art Club in the same year. The first exhibition of the club was held at the Grafton Galleries in Bond Street, London, in 1900, and was followed by a second show at the same gallery in March and April 1901. Annual exhibitions were held in London until the club dissolved in 1976. Some smaller exhibitions were also held in other parts of Britain and overseas. The membership of the club was international, and there were sections in France, Greece, Holland, Italy and the United States.
The early annual exhibitions were held at the Grafton Galleries. Later the Goupil Gallery was used, and then the galleries of the Royal Society of British Artists. Initially only members of the club could participate in the exhibitions; the club had a limit of 150 members. From 1921, non-members could, for a fee, exhibit one picture each. These exhibitions helped to make up for the lack of opportunity for women to exhibit at mainstream venues such as the Royal Academy.
Eileen Agar, Anthea Ailey, Gwen Barnard, Wilhelmina Barns-Graham, Elinor Bellingham-Smith, Ithell Colquhoun, Sonia Delaunay, Elizabeth Frink, Gwen John, Stanisława de Karłowska, Dame Laura Knight, Lee Krasner, Orovida Pissarro, Anne Redpath and Dame Ethel Walker were among those who exhibited. A full list of exhibitors from 1900 to 1966 was published in 1981.
- Margaret Geddes (March 1950). The Women's International Art Club. The Studio 139 (684): 65–70; cited by Kristen Erickson (1994). The Art of Orovida: Looking beyond the Pissarro Family Legacy. Woman's Art Journal 15 (2): 14-20. (subscription required)
- Althea Greenan (). Women's International Art Club (WIAC). Archives Hub. Accessed September 2013.
- Julie Tancell (2002). Women's International Art Club. AIM25: Archives in London and the M25 area. Accessed September 2013.
- Catherine Speck (2009). Contesting Modernism: Flowers, Portraits, Gum Trees: My Father and Me. Hecate 35 (1–2). Accessed September 2013.
- [s.n.] (1977). The human landscape: catalogue of an exhibition held by the Women's International Art Club at Woodlands Art Gallery, Blackheath, London, 11 June - 12 July 1977. London: W.I.A.C.
- Kristen Erickson (1994). The Art of Orovida: Looking beyond the Pissarro Family Legacy. Woman's Art Journal 15 (2): 14-20. (subscription required)
- Women's International Art Club. Artist Biographies: British and Irish Artists of the 20th Century. Accessed September 2013.
- Doreen Costello (1981). List of women artists exhibiting with the Womens International Art Club, 1900–1966. [s.l.]: [s.n.].
- Deborah Cherry (1995). Painting Women: Victorian Women Artists. London: Routledge.