Women's Softball World Championship

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Women's Softball World Championship
Sport Softball
Founded 1965
No. of teams 16 (Finals)
Continent International
Most recent champion(s)  Japan
Most titles  United States (9)

The Women's Softball World Championship[1] is a fastpitch softball tournament for women's national teams held historically every four years, now every two years, by the World Baseball Softball Confederation (WBSC). The tournament, originally known as the ISF Women's World Championship, was sanctioned by the International Softball Federation (ISF) until that body's 2013 merger with the International Baseball Federation to create the WBSC. The number of teams in the tournament began at five in its inaugural event in 1965, went to a high of 28 for the 1994 edition, and now the WBSC Code legislates that the maximum number of teams that may participate is 16. There are qualifying tournaments that determine which countries will play at the World Championship.

History[edit]

A women's softball world championship predates the ISF's event. A championship was held in Canada between several American and Canadian teams in 1952 and 1953.[2] Australia had also hosted an international tournament that predated the first Women's World Championship.[3][4]

In 1965, the first ISF Women's World Championship was held in Melbourne, with games being played at Albert Park.[5][6][7] Five nations competed at the inaugural championships including the United States, Japan and Australia, which Australia won 1-0 in a final game against the United States.[6][7][8] In the game, Australia was held to only two hits while the United States had four.[7] Lorraine Woolley was named the player of the tournament.[7] The inaugural men's championship would occur one year later in Mexico.[5]

In 1970, ten countries participated. The Japanese won competition after having twelve consecutive wins and beating the Americans 3-0 in a final game spectated by 30,000 people.[8]

In 1974, the Americans knocked out the Australians during the semi-finals, when they beat them by a score of 6-0.[9]

Chinese Taipei's leadership discussed inviting China to compete at the 1982 competition which was the country was hosting. Ching-khou and Wang Shen supported mainland China's participation in the event and an invitation was issued but the Chinese government elected to not send a team.[10]

The 1990 edition was the seventh to be held, with six different countries having played hosts to the competition.[11]

Teams that competed in 1990 included the USA, New Zealand, China, Australia, Chinese Taipei, Japan, Canada, Italy, Netherlands, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Philippines, Bahamas, Netherlands Antilles, Mexico, Aruba, Bermuda, Indonesia, Argentina, and Zimbabwe.[12] The United States took home gold, New Zealand silver and China bronze.[12] The Soviet Union had a representative attend the 1990 competition and promise that a Soviet side would be competing at the next championships.[12]

The 2006 edition was very important as the Championships were used for Olympic qualifying, with the top four finishers going to the Olympic Games. In 2006, the fourth place finishers automatically qualified to the Games because China was the Olympic Games based on that. Thus, there was a battle for fifth place between Canada and Italy for Olympic qualifications. In the match for fifth, Canada won 3-0 and earned their fourth consecutive trip to the Olympics.[13]

A world championships is just as tough as any Olympics you attend, the only thing different is at the Olympics you just don't have the same magnitude of hype around it.

Kere Johanson, Australian softball national team coach[14]

Teams that will be competing at the 2012 edition include Australia, Canada and Japan who will play in the same pool.[15][14] The competition was scheduled to act as a replacement for the Olympics.[14]

Results[edit]

Australia won the competition in 1965. The victory was considered very impressive as they beat the Americans, who invented the game in 1887, to win the championship.[16] The 1990 and 1994 editions were won by the United States.[17][18] The American side eventually won seven in a row from 1988 to 2010,[19][20] with the USA's most recent victory being a 7-0 win over Japan in the finals.[19] Other countries that have won it include Japan in 1970, and New Zealand in 1982.[21] Teams that have finished second include the USA in 1965 and 1970, Japan in 1974, 2002 and 2010, Canada in 1978, Taiwan in 1982, New Zealand in 1990, China in 1986 and 1994, and Australia in 1998.[19][21] Countries that have finished third include Japan in 2010.[19]

Other Australian results include finishing fourth at the 1970 edition, third at the 1974 edition, fifth 1978 edition, third at the 1982 edition, eighth at the 1986 edition, fourth at the 1990 edition and third at the 1994 edition.[22]

Year Final Host Medalists
Champions Final score Runners-up 3rd place
1965
Details
Australia
Melbourne

Australia
1 – 0
United States

Japan
1970
Details
Japan
Osaka

Japan
1 – 0
United States

Philippines
1974
Details
United States
Stratford

United States
3 – 0
Japan

Australia
1978
Details
El Salvador
San Salvador

United States
4 – 0
Canada

New Zealand
1982
Details
Chinese Taipei
Taipei

New Zealand
2 – 0
Chinese Taipei

Australia
1986
Details
New Zealand
Auckland

United States
2 – 0
China

New Zealand
1990
Details
United States
Normal

United States
*
New Zealand

China
1994
Details
Canada
St. John's

United States
6 – 0
China

Australia
1998
Details
Japan
Fujinomiya

United States
1 – 0
Australia

Japan
2002
Details
Canada
Saskatoon

United States
1 – 0
Japan

Chinese Taipei
2006
Details
China
Beijing

United States
3 – 0
Japan

Australia
2010
Details
Venezuela
Caracas

United States
7 – 0
Japan

Canada
2012
Details
Canada
Whitehorse

Japan
2 – 1
(F/10)

United States

Australia
2014
Details
Netherlands
Haarlem

Japan
4 -1
United States

Australia
* 1990: Rain washed out the grand final, leading USA to win based on its record in round-robin play.[23]

Medal table[edit]

Laura Berg won the competition four times as part of the United States women's national softball team.
 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States 9 4 0 13
2  Japan 3 4 2 9
3  Australia 1 1 6 8
4  New Zealand 1 1 2 4
5  China 0 2 1 3
6  Canada 0 1 1 2
6  Chinese Taipei 0 1 1 2
8  Philippines 0 0 1 1

Hosting[edit]

The 1970 edition was hosted by Japan in Osaka.[21] The 1974 edition was played in Stratford, United States.[21] The 1978 games were played in San Salvador, El Salvador.[21] The 1982 competition was hosted by in Chinese Taipei in Taipei.[10][21] The 1986 edition was hosted by New Zealand and held in Auckland.[20][21][24] In 1990, the competition was played in Normal, Illinois.[20][21] The 1994 edition was played in St. John's, Newfoundland.[20][21][25] Japan hosted the 1998 competition in Fujunomyia.[20][21] The 2002 Championships were held in Saskatoon, Canada.[21] China hosted the 2006 Championships in Beijing.[21] The 2010 edition was hosted by Venezuela. The 2012 championship took place in Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada.[26]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "WBSC Calendar". World Baseball Softball Confederation. Retrieved 2014-03-11. 
  2. ^ Margaret Ann Hall (2002). The girl and the game: a history of women's sport in Canada. University of Toronto Press. pp. 126–127. ISBN 978-1-55111-268-8. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  3. ^ Stell, Marion K. (1991). Half the Race, A history of Australian women in sport. North Ryde, Australia: Harper Collins. p. 209. ISBN 0207169713. 
  4. ^ Pollard, Jack (1968). AMPOL book of Australian Sporting Records. Sydney: The Pollard Publishing Co. pp. 273–274. OCLC 71140. 
  5. ^ a b 马国力 (2004). 体育英语. 清华大学出版社. p. 59. ISBN 978-7-302-08926-1. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  6. ^ a b Kelly Boyer Sagert; Steven J. Overman (28 February 2012). Icons of Women's Sport. ABC-CLIO. p. 375. ISBN 978-0-313-38549-0. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c d Cashman, Richard (2001). Australian sport through time. Milsons Point, N.S.W.: Random House Australia. p. 334. ISBN 1740514459. OCLC 223005022. 
  8. ^ a b Arlott, John (1975). The Oxford companion to sports and games. London ; New York: Oxford University Press. p. 978. ISBN 0192115383. OCLC 1583084. 
  9. ^ Cashman, Richard (2001). Australian sport through time. Milsons Point, N.S.W.: Random House Australia. p. 370. ISBN 1740514459. OCLC 223005022. 
  10. ^ a b Jay Taylor (2000). The Generalissimo's son: Chiang Ching-kuo and the revolutions in China and Taiwan. Harvard University Press. p. 370. ISBN 978-0-674-00287-6. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  11. ^ Marty Gitlin; Karen (CON) Johns (15 July 2011). Girls Play to Win Softball. Norwood House Press. pp. 44–45. ISBN 978-1-59953-465-7. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c "International Softball Federation - ISF". Internationalsoftball.com. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  13. ^ "International Softball Federation". Internationalsoftball.com. 2006-09-05. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  14. ^ a b c Rees, Courtney. "Swapping London games for Canberra". Canberra Times (Canberra, Australia). p. 20. 
  15. ^ "Australian Open Women's Squad 2012". Australia: Softball Australia. 24 February 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  16. ^ Viney, Nigel; Grant, Neil (1978). An illustrated history of ball games. London: Heinemann. pp. 97–98. ISBN 0434969400. OCLC 5125714. 
  17. ^ David L. Porter (30 March 2004). Latino and African American athletes today: a biographical dictionary. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 106–. ISBN 978-0-313-32048-4. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  18. ^ Paula Edelson (2002). A to Z of American Women in Sports. Infobase Publishing. pp. 79–. ISBN 978-1-4381-0789-9. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  19. ^ a b c d "Team USA earns 7th straight world softball title - ESPN". Sports.espn.go.com. 2010-07-03. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  20. ^ a b c d e Ernestine G. Miller (29 May 2002). Making her mark: firsts and milestones in women's sports. McGraw-Hill Professional. p. 273. ISBN 978-0-07-139053-8. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l White, Patrick (2005). Chambers sports factfinder. Edinburgh: Chambers. pp. 542–543. ISBN 0550101616. OCLC 58052551. 
  22. ^ Embrey, Lynn; Australian Softball Federation (1995). "Appendix K". Batter up! : the history of softball in Australia. Bayswater, Vic.: Australian Softball Federation. p. 174. 
  23. ^ "ISF VII WOMEN'S WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP". Retrieved 2007-02-03. 
  24. ^ George B. Kirsch; Othello Harris; Claire Elaine Nolte (April 2000). Encyclopedia of ethnicity and sports in the United States. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 375–. ISBN 978-0-313-29911-7. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  25. ^ Congressional Record. Government Printing Office. pp. 24996–. GGKEY:QQLDQYTX3ST. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  26. ^ Judi Garman; Michelle Gromacki (22 February 2011). Softball Skills & Drills. Human Kinetics. pp. 314–. ISBN 978-0-7360-9074-2. Retrieved 10 March 2012.