Women's World Chess Championship 1984

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The 1984 Women's World Chess Championship was won by Maia Chiburdanidze, who successfully defended her title against challenger Irina Levitina.

1982 Interzonals[edit]

As part of the qualification process, two Interzonal tournaments were held, one in Bad Kissingen in July and the other in Tbilisi in September 1982, featuring the best players from each FIDE zone. A total of 31 players took part, with the top three from each Interzonal qualifying for the Candidates Tournament.

In Bad Kissingen, ex-champion Gaprindashvili took first place and qualified along with Semenova and Lematschko.[1]

Mureşan won in Tbilisi, ahead of Levitina and Liu (the first Chinese player to qualify for a Candidates Tournament).[2]

1982 Women's Interzonal, Bad Kissingen
Player 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Points Tie break
1  Nona Gaprindashvili (Soviet Union) - 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 12
2  Lidia Semenova (Soviet Union) 1 - ½ 1 1 ½ 0 1 1 ½ ½ 1 1 1 ½ 1 11½
3  Tatjana Lematschko (Switzerland) ½ ½ - 0 ½ 1 1 ½ ½ 1 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 11
4  Eliska Klimova (Czechoslovakia) ½ 0 1 - 0 1 ½ 1 1 ½ 1 1 ½ ½ 1 1 10½ 69.00
5  Barbara Hund (West Germany) 0 0 ½ 1 - 0 ½ ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10½ 62.25
6  Marta Litinskaya (Soviet Union) ½ ½ 0 0 1 - ½ 0 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 10
7  Marina Pogorevici (Romania) 0 1 0 ½ ½ ½ - ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ 1 1 1
8  Elena Fatalibekova (Soviet Union) 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 1 ½ - 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 7 44.75
9  Suzana Maksimović (Yugoslavia) ½ 0 ½ 0 0 0 ½ 1 - 0 1 0 1 ½ 1 1 7 40.75
10  Mária Ivánka (Hungary) 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 0 0 ½ 1 - 1 1 1 0 ½ 1 7 40.00
11  Erika Belle (Netherlands) 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 0 - 1 1 ½ 1 0 5
12  Borislava Borisova (Sweden) 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 1 0 0 - 0 ½ 1 1 23.50
13  Nava Shterenberg (Canada) 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 1 - 1 ½ 1 23.00
14  Hanna Ereńska-Radzewska (Poland) 0 0 ½ ½ 0 0 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 0 - 0 0 4
15  Giovanna Arbunic (Chile) 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 1 - 0 3 19.00
16  Rachel Crotto (USA) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 - 3 12.00
1982 Women's Interzonal, Tbilisi
Player 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Points Tie break
1  Margareta Mureşan (Romania) - ½ 1 1 1 ½ ½ 1 0 ½ 1 1 ½ 1 1 10½
2  Irina Levitina (Soviet Union) ½ - ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1
3  Liu Shilan (China) 0 ½ - ½ 0 ½ 0 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 9
4  Nieves García (Spain) 0 ½ ½ - ½ 1 1 ½ ½ 0 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 8 51.75
5  Elena Akhmilovskaya (Soviet Union) 0 0 1 ½ - 0 1 1 0 ½ 1 1 ½ 1 ½ 8 51.50
6  Nino Gurieli (Soviet Union) ½ ½ ½ 0 1 - ½ 0 0 1 1 ½ 1 ½ 1 8 51.00
7  Tamara Minogina (Soviet Union) ½ ½ 1 0 0 ½ - 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 49.75
8  Natalia Titorenko (Soviet Union) 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 1 0 - 1 1 1 0 1 ½ 1 45.75
9  Gisela Fischdick (West Germany) 1 0 0 ½ 1 1 ½ 0 - ½ 0 0 1 ½ 1 7
10  Zsuzsa Veroci-Petronic (Hungary) ½ ½ 0 1 ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ - ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 41.75
11  Zorica Nikolin (Yugoslavia) 0 ½ ½ 0 0 0 ½ 0 1 ½ - ½ 1 1 1 37.50
12  Amalija Pihajlic (Yugoslavia) 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 1 ½ ½ - ½ 0 0
13  Rohini Khadilkar (India) ½ 0 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 0 ½ - 1 1 5 29.50
14  Diane Savereide (USA) 0 0 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 1 0 - 1 5 29.25
15  Ilse Guggenberger (Colombia) 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 -

1983-84 Candidates Tournament[edit]

The six qualifiers from the Interzonals were joined by two seeded players: Alexandria, who had lost the last championship match, and Ioseliani, who had lost the previous Candidates final.

These eight players contested a knock-out series of matches. Levitina won the final, earning the right to challenge the reigning champion for the title.[3][4]

  1st Round
Semifinals
Final
                           
  Lvov, Mar 1983
   Soviet Union Irina Levitina 6  
   Soviet Union Nona Gaprindashvili 4     Dubna, Nov 1983
     Soviet Union Irina Levitina  
Alicante, 1983[5]    Soviet Union Nana Alexandria  
   Soviet Union Nana Alexandria
   Switzerland Tatjana Lematschko     Sochi, Mar 1984
     Soviet Union Irina Levitina 7
  Bad Kissingen, Mar 1983      Soviet Union Lidia Semenova 5
   Soviet Union Lidia Semenova  
   Romania Margareta Mureşan     Sochi, Nov 1983
     Soviet Union Lidia Semenova
Velden, Mar 1983    Soviet Union Nana Ioseliani  
   China Liu Shilan 3
   Soviet Union Nana Ioseliani 6  

1984 Championship Match[edit]

The championship match was played in Volgograd in 1984. Unlike the previous match three years before, champion Chiburdanidze had no problems this time. She beat challenger Levitina with a comfortable margin of three points and retained her title[6]

Women's World Championship Match 1984
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Total
 Irina Levitina (Soviet Union) ½ ½ 1 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½
 Maia Chiburdanidze (Soviet Union) ½ ½ 0 1 ½ ½ ½ 0 1 1 ½ 1 1 ½

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Chess Championship (women) : 1982 Bad Kissingen Interzonal Tournament". Mark-weeks.com. Retrieved 2012-02-07. 
  2. ^ "World Chess Championship (women) : 1982 Tbilisi Interzonal Tournament". Mark-weeks.com. Retrieved 2012-02-07. 
  3. ^ "World Chess Championship (women) : 1983-84 cycle : Candidates Matches". Mark-weeks.com. Retrieved 2012-02-07. 
  4. ^ "Tatjana Lematschko". German Wikipedia. Retrieved 2012-02-07. 
  5. ^ "Candidates (Women) qf4, Alicante 1983". 365chess.com. Retrieved 2015-01-03. 
  6. ^ "Chiburdanidze - Levitina". Chess in the USSR 1/1985, p. 14. .