Women's World Chess Championship 1999

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The 1999 Women's World Chess Championship was won by former champion Xie Jun, who regained her title after defeating Alisa Galliamova. Previous to the match, reigning champion Susan Polgar had been stripped of her title after much controversy.

1995 Interzonal Tournament[edit]

As part of the qualification process, an Interzonal tournament was held in Chişinău in 1995, featuring the best players from each FIDE zone. 52 players took part with the top seven qualifying for the Candidates Tournament. For the third time, the Interzonal was played as a 13 round Swiss system tournament.[1]

1995 Women's Interzonal Tournament
Player 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Points Tie break
1  Ketevan Arakhamia (Georgia) +36 +44 +11 =2 +4 +8 −3 +9 =7 =6 +10 −5 +19 912
2  Ketino Kachiani-Gersinska (Germany) +45 +43 +20 =1 +19 +4 =6 =11 =3 =10 =5 =7 =8 9
3  Nana Ioseliani (Georgia) +33 =17 =8 +32 =7 =12 +1 +20 =2 =9 =4 =11 =5 812 64.50
4  Alisa Galliamova (Russia) +16 +31 =19 +5 −1 −2 =26 +18 +11 =17 =3 =9 +7 812 63.50
5  Peng Zhaoqin (China) =15 +42 +39 −4 −17 +18 =25 +27 +21 =7 =2 +1 =3 812 60.75
6  Alisa Marić (Serbia and Montenegro) =38 =26 +47 =29 =18 +19 =2 =8 +12 =1 −7 +20 +11 812 60.25
7  Nino Gurieli (Georgia) +27 =39 =18 +25 =3 =9 =8 +17 =1 =5 +6 =2 −4 8 60.50
8  Vesna Mišanović (Bosnia and Herzegovina) +24 +9 =3 =19 +20 −1 =7 =6 −10 +23 =17 +21 =2 8 60.00
9  Svetlana Matveeva (Russia) +13 −8 +40 =17 +33 =7 +12 −1 +20 =3 =11 =4 =15 8 57.00
10  Nataša Bojković (Serbia and Montenegro) =34 −18 +42 =23 =25 =13 +38 +29 +8 =2 −1 =15 =20 712 51.25
11  Qin Kanying (China) +23 +47 −1 =18 =29 +38 +27 =2 −4 +31 =9 =3 −6 712 50.50
12  Inna Gaponenko (Ukraine) +37 =25 =17 =33 +36 =3 −9 +23 −6 +39 −21 =14 +30 712 48.75
13  Nino Khurtsidze (Georgia) −9 −24 +15 +31 =22 =10 −28 =14 =27 +44 =32 +41 +33 712 47.75
14  Elvira Sakhatova (Kazakhstan) −39 =27 -37 =46 +50 =49 =45 =13 +42 =28 +25 =12 +29 712 44.25
15  Petra Krupkova (Czech Republic) =5 -32 −13 −45 +51 +37 =36 +49 +33 =26 +31 =10 =9 712 44.25
16  Lidia Semenova (Ukraine) −4 =35 −27 +51 =43 −28 +50 =34 +45 −19 +23 +37 +26 712 40.50
17  Cristina Adela Foisor (Romania) +41 =3 =12 =9 +5 =27 =21 −7 +28 =4 =8 −19 =18 7 51.00
18  Wang Lei (China) =28 +10 =7 =11 =6 −5 +32 −4 +30 =20 =19 =31 =17 7 49.00
19  Zhu Chen (China) +49 +30 =4 =8 −2 −6 −23 +44 =22 +16 =18 +17 −1 7 45.75
20  Almira Skripchenko (Moldova) +48 +22 −2 +34 −8 +26 +29 −3 −9 =18 +41 −6 =10 7 43.75
21  Hoang Minh T. (Vietnam) −25 =37 +43 =49 =40 +36 =17 +30 −5 =29 +12 −8 =22 7 43.25
22  Tatjana Shumiakina (Russia) +46 −20 =49 =40 =13 =23 =30 =33 =19 =25 +39 =29 =21 7 42.50
23  Miranda Khorava (Georgia) −11 +52 +28 =10 −26 =22 +19 −12 +38 −8 −16 +39 +32 7 38.75
24  Suzana Maksimović (Serbia and Montenegro) −8 +13 =30 −36 −45 =42 +43 −32 =46 =47 +52 +38 +34 7 36.00
25  Lu Xiaosha (China) +21 =12 =32 −7 =10 +33 =5 =28 −26 =22 −14 +27 =31 612 44.25
26  Anjelina Belakovskaia (USA) =40 =6 =36 +37 +23 −20 =4 −39 +25 =15 =29 =30 −16 612 44.00
27  Marina Sheremetieva (Moldova) −7 =14 +16 +30 +28 =17 −11 −5 =13 =32 =33 −25 +41 612 43.00
28  Antoaneta Stefanova (Bulgaria) =18 =34 −23 +48 −27 +16 +13 =25 −17 =14 −30 =35 +40 612 42.00
29  Elina Danielian (Armenia) −43 +45 +46 =6 =11 +32 −20 −10 +40 =21 =26 =22 −14 612 39.75
30  Natalia Edzgveradze (Georgia) +51 −19 =24 −27 +35 +41 =22 −21 −18 +34 +28 =26 −12 612 37.25
31  Natalia Zhukova (Ukraine) +35 −4 −33 −13 +48 =40 +49 +45 +39 −11 −15 =18 =25 612 25.50
32  Ludmila Zaitseva (Russia) =42 +15 =25 −3 +34 −29 −18 +24 =41 =27 =13 =33 −23 6 39.25
33  Monika Bobrowska (Poland) −3 +41 +31 =12 −9 −25 +35 =22 −15 +40 =27 =32 −13 6 37.00
34  Maia Lomineishvili (Georgia) =10 =28 +44 −20 −32 +46 −39 =16 =35 −30 +45 +42 −24 6 34.25
35  Dagne Ciuksyte (England) −31 =16 −38 +42 −30 +43 −33 =46 =34 =45 +47 =28 =37 6 33.50
36  Monika Tsiganova (Estonia) −1 +50 =26 +24 −12 −21 =15 −38 −43 +51 =44 =49 +45 6 31.25
37  Natalia Kiseleva (Ukraine) −12 =21 +14 −26 −41 −15 +52 +47 =44 =38 +46 −16 =35 6 30.00
38  Irina Kulish (Russia) =6 −40 +35 =39 +49 −11 −10 +36 −23 =37 =42 −24 +52 6 29.75
39  Mónica Calzetta (Spain) +14 =7 −5 =38 −44 +47 +34 +26 −31 −12 −22 −23 =48 512 34.50
40  Lin Ye (China) =26 +38 −9 =22 =21 =31 =44 =41 −29 −33 =50 +46 −28 512 32.00
41  Irina Berezina (Australia) −17 −33 +52 =44 +37 −30 +48 =40 =32 +43 −20 −13 −27 512 24.75
42  Zorica Nikolin (Serbia and Montenegro) =32 −5 −10 −35 +52 =24 =47 +50 −14 +48 =38 −34 =51 512 23.50
43  Tatiana Ratcu (Brazil) +29 −2 −21 =47 =16 −35 −24 +48 +36 −41 =51 −50 =49 5 27.50
44  Elena Radu (Romania) +50 −1 −34 =41 +39 =45 =40 −19 =37 −13 =36 =48 5 26.50
45  Svetlana Petrenko (Moldova) −2 −29 =51 +15 +24 =44 =14 −31 −16 =35 −34 +52 −36 5 25.75
46  Bhagyashree Thipsay (India) −22 +48 −29 =14 =47 −34 =51 =35 =24 +52 −37 −40 =50 5 22.00
47  Tatjana Lematschko (Switzerland) +52 −11 −6 =43 =46 −39 =42 −37 +50 =24 −35 +51 5 19.25
48  Johanna Paasikangas (Finland) −20 −46 +50 −28 −31 +52 −41 −43 +51 −42 +49 =44 =39 5 17.75
49  Natia Janjgava (Georgia) −19 +51 =22 =21 −38 =14 −31 −15 =52 =50 −48 =36 =43 412 21.75
50  Ivona Jezierska (USA) −44 −36 −48 +52 −14 +51 −16 −42 −47 =49 =40 +43 =46 412 16.00
51  Sharon Ellen Burtman (USA) −30 −49 =45 −16 −15 −50 =46 +52 −48 −36 =43 −47 =42 3
52  Cristina Moshina (Moldova) −47 −23 −41 −50 −42 −48 −37 −51 =49 −46 −24 −45 −38 12

The last round game between Radu and Lematschko wasn't played.

1997 Candidates Tournament[edit]

The seven qualifiers from the Interzonal Tournament were joined by the loser of the last championship match, Xie Jun, as well as the two runners-up from the previous tournament, Chiburdanidze and Cramling. These ten players contested a double round-robin tournament in Groningen in December 1997, from which the top two would advance to the final to determine the challenger.

Galliamova and Xie Jun finished first and second. FIDE decided that the whole final match should be played in Shenyang, China, after Chinese sponsors made the best offer for the prize fund. However, Galliamova refused to play entirely on her opponent's home turf, so Xie Jun was declared the winner by default and given the right to challenge champion Polgar.[2][3]

1997 Women's Candidates Tournament
Player Rating 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Points
1  Alisa Galliamova (Russia) 2445 12 1 112 2 112 112 112 2 2 1312
2  Xie Jun (China) 2495 112 112 12 12 112 2 1 2 2 1212
3  Nana Ioseliani (Georgia) 2520 1 12 1 112 112 12 1 2 2 11
4  Maia Chiburdanidze (Georgia) 2525 12 112 1 1 112 12 1 2 2 11
5  Peng Zhaoqin (China) 2400 0 112 12 1 12 112 1 112 112 9
6  Alisa Marić (Serbia and Montenegro) 2460 12 12 12 12 112 1 112 112 112 9
7  Ketevan Arakhamia-Grant (Scotland) 2430 12 0 112 112 12 1 0 2 2 9
8  Pia Cramling (Sweden) 2520 12 1 1 1 1 12 2 0 112 812
9  Nino Gurieli (Georgia) 2370 0 0 0 0 12 12 0 2 2 5
10  Ketino Kachiani-Gersinska (Germany) 2415 0 0 0 0 12 12 0 12 0 112

Kachiani-Gersinska withdrew after 10 rounds.

1999 Championship Match[edit]

The championship match was at first scheduled to take place in November 1998, but champion Susan Polgar requested a postponement because she was pregnant. FIDE had been unable to find a satisfactory sponsor, so the request was granted. By the time FIDE announced the new date and venue for the title match to be played China in 1999, Polgar had given birth to her son Tom—however, she still considered that the time to recover from childbirth and prepare for the new match was insufficient. In addition, like Galliamova, she didn't want to play entirely in the opponent's home country. She also wanted a significantly larger prize fund, so she requested that the match be postponed again. This time FIDE refused and negotiations broke down.

Instead FIDE ruled that Polgar had forfeited the title and arranged a new title match between the two Candidates finalists, Xie Jun and Galliamova. The match was played in Kazan, Tatarstan, and Shenyang, China, in 1999. Xie Jun won by two points and regained the title that she had lost to Polgar three years previously.[4][5][6]

Women's World Championship Match 1999
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Total
 Alisa Galliamova (Russia) 12 0 1 12 0 1 12 12 0 12 0 1 12 0 12 612
 Xie Jun (China) 12 1 0 12 1 0 12 12 1 12 1 0 12 1 12 812

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Chess Championship (women) : 1995 Kishinev Interzonal Tournament". Mark-weeks.com. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  2. ^ "World Chess Championship (women) : 1997 Groningen Candidates Tournament". Mark-weeks.com. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  3. ^ "World Chess Championship for Women". Mark-weeks.com. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  4. ^ "World Chess Championship (women) : 1999 Xie - Galliamova". Mark-weeks.com. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  5. ^ "World Chess Championship for Women". Mark-weeks.com. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  6. ^ "Susan Polgar". Wikipedia. Retrieved 2012-02-10.