Women's World Games

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Women's World Games
First event 1922
Occur every 4 years
Last event 1934
Purpose inclusion of women's sports at the Olympic Games
Headquarters Fédération Sportive Féminine Internationale (FSFI), Paris, France

The Women's World Games were held four times between 1922 and 1934. They were established by Alice Milliat and the Fédération Sportive Féminine Internationale (FSFI)[1][2] to compensate for the lack of women's sports at the Olympic Games.[3][4] The games were an important step towards women's equality in sports. A forerunner tournament was held in Monte Carlo in March 1921.

Background[edit]

Women were allowed to take part in the Olympic games since 1900[1] (II Olympiad in golf and tennis, III Olympiad in archery, IV Olympiad in archery, figure skating and tennis, at the V Olympiad swimming was added as well).

In 1919 Milliat started discussions with the IOC and the IAAF to also include women's track and field athletics events in the 1924 Olympic Games. On refusal Milliat hosted the first Women's World Games[2][3] 1921 in Monte Carlo.

On 31 October 1921, Milliat then formed La Fédération Sportive Féminine Internationale (FSFI) with the purpose to oversight international women's sporting events and the inclusion of women's events in the Olympics.[2][3][5]

A European version of the women's games was hosted in 1931 in Florence and was known as the Olimpiadi della Grazia (Olympics of Grace).[6]

Events[edit]

In response to the refusal of the IAAF to include women's events in the 1924 Olympic Games[2] the FSFI organized the first Women's Olympic Games in Paris in 1922.[1][2][3][5]

The IOC objected to the FSFI using the word "Olympic" in the title of its events. After negotiations the IOC and the IAAF therefor agreed to include 10 athletic events in the 1928 Olympic Games and in exchange Milliat altered the title to "Women's World Games".[5] They finally included only 5 events (100 meters, 800 meters, 4 x 100 meters, high jump and discus [3]) and only as an experiment.[1]

The FSFI did not find this satisfactory and organised the third Women's World Games in Prague in 1930 and the fourth games in London in 1934.

Following some protracted arguments between the FSFI on the one hand and the IOC and IAAF on the other, the FSFI and an IAAF commission agreed that the IAAF should take control of all international women's athletic events in return for the IAAF recognising all FSFI records, a complete programme of women's Olympic events, and the IAAF holding the fifth Women's World Games in Vienna in 1938. In the event, while the 1936 IAAF Congress agreed to recognise FSFI records, it otherwise only agreed to proposing a somewhat expanded programme of Olympic events to the IOC (the IOC refused) and holding a programme of women's events in the 1938 European Athletics Championships in place of the Women's World Games. The FSFI ceased operations in 1938[3] without ever accepting or rejecting the IAAF's decisions.

Tournaments[edit]

Four regular tournaments were held, a planned 5.th was cancelled as women participated in the 1938 European Athletics Championships.[2][4]

Edition Year Host city Country Stadium Date Participation
I 1922 Paris  France Stade Pershing 20 August 77 athletes and 5 countries[1][3][4]
II 1926 Gothenburg  Sweden Slottsskogsvallen Stadium 27–29 August 100 athletes and 9 countries[1][3]
III 1930 Prague  Czechoslovakia Stadion Letná 6–8 September 200 athletes and 17 countries[1][3]
IV 1934 London  United Kingdom White City Stadium 9–11 August 200 athletes and 19 countries[1][3][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Kidd, Bruce (1994). "The Women's Olympic Games: Important Breakthrough Obscured By Time". CAAWS Action Bulletin (Canadian Association for the Advancement of Women and Sport and Physical Activity). Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Leigh, Mary H.; Thérèse M. Bonin (1977). "The Pioneering Role Of Madame Alice Milliat and the FSFI in Establishing International Trade and Field Competition for Women". Journal of Sport History (North American Society for Sport History) 4 (1): 72–83. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Quintillan, Ghislaine (February–March 2000). "Alice Milliat and the Women's Games". Olympic Review (International Olympic Committee) (XXVI-31): 27–28. ISSN 0251-3498. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c Matthews, Peter (2012). "World Games". Historical Dictionary of Track and Field (Scarecrow Press): 218. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d gbrathletics - Women's World Games Retrieved 10 December 2013
  6. ^ Olympiad of Grace. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2014-01-11.