Women's mosques

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A women-only mosque in Byblos, Lebanon.

Women's mosques (清真女寺 Qingzhen nusi, 女寺 nusi) have existed in China for several hundred years.[1] They can be found in the Chinese provinces of Henan, Shanxi and Hebei.[2] Some countries beyond China also have women-only mosques, but they are rare.

In China, separate women-only mosques were built by the Muslim communities there. This is in contrast to Muslim communities outside China, where usually men and women will use the same mosque, with gender-segregated washing and prayer rooms. At the end of the Ming Dynasty and early Qing Dynasty, Hui Chinese women had begun to form their own mosques.[3]

For religious reasons, the Hui Muslim communities had started to cultivate more theological learning among the women. As a result, a portion of the female Muslims who had experienced a religious education, gradually incorporated Islamic observances into their daily religious activities, and this produced the establishment of women's mosques.[4]

By the 20th century, there were separate places of worship as women-only mosques. They are a special form of the sacred building, either as a separate institution or mosque attached to an existing larger mosque. Their managers are women, wives of the "Imam" of a larger mosque. The commonly used title for it is Shiniang (师娘).[5]

List of selected women-only mosques[edit]

Women's mosques in China[edit]

Women's mosques outside China[edit]

Asia[edit]

Africa[edit]

Europe[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maria Jaschok: "Religious Women in a Chinese City: Ordering the past, recovering the future - Notes from fieldwork in the central Chinese province of Henan". QEH Working Paper Series - QEHWPS125, S.8
  2. ^ icampus.ucl.ac.be "Les minorités musulmanes en Chine" ("Les mosquées féminines") (gefunden am 1. April 2010)
  3. ^ vgl. chinalink.de: Die chinesische Frau (gefunden am 1. April 2010)
  4. ^ cnki.com.cn: Beijing lishi shang de Qingzhen nüsi (gefunden am 1. April 2010)
  5. ^ vgl. "Weibliche Imame", Quelle: Jaschok, Maria and Jingju Shui, S. 287-292, Übersetzung aus dem Englischen: C. Schneider (gefunden am 1. April 2010) and Ingrid Mattson: "Can a Woman be an Imam?" - macdonald.hartsem.edu (gefunden am 1. April 2010)
  6. ^ Zhengzhou zählt nach algerie-dz.com: "Mosquées féminines" ("Qingzhen nusi") 18 Männermoscheen und 7 Frauenmoscheen.
  7. ^ [1] Google Maps
  8. ^ vgl. flickr.com: A Women's Mosque in Xian (gefunden am 1. April 2010)
  9. ^ moritzleuenberger.net und sambuh.com: "Abu'l Faiz Khan Mosque (1720)" (gefunden am 1. April); vgl. den Artikel Naqshbandi.
  10. ^ deutsche-welle.de: Erste Moschee für Frauen in Kabul (gefunden am 1. April 2010)
  11. ^ haumaldives.wordpress.com: Aid to women’s mosques terminated and women Imam’s left jobless, as if the deprivations the MDP government of Mohamed Nasheed cause is not enough. (gefunden am 1. April) - Siehe auch Islam auf den Malediven (en)
  12. ^ giga-hamburg.de (gefunden am 1. April 2010)
  13. ^ unesco.org (gefunden am 1. April)
  14. ^ welt.de: "Frauenmoschee für niederländische Feministen" (gefunden am 1. April 2010)
  15. ^ loccum.de: "Wie geht der Dialog weiter?" (gefunden am 1. April 2010) & dmk-berlin.de: "Moscheen und Gebetsräume in Berlin" (gefunden am 1. April 2010)