Women in Uruguay

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Women in Uruguay
Paulina Luisi.jpg
Paulina Luisi was a prominent Uruguayan feminist leader, and also the first Uruguayan woman to graduate as a physician.
Gender Inequality Index
Value 0.367 (2012)
Rank 69th
Maternal mortality (per 100,000) 29 (2010)
Women in parliament 12.3% (2012)
Females over 25 with secondary education 50.6% (2010)
Women in labour force 55.6% (2011)
Global Gender Gap Index[1]
Value 0.6803 (2013)
Rank 77th out of 136

Women in Uruguay are women who were born in, who live in, and are from Uruguay. According to Countries and Their Cultures, there is a "very high proportion" of Uruguayan women participating in the labor force of the South American country. The Uruguayan legislation maintains that the women of Uruguay have equal rights to power, authority, and privileges". In reality, however, women are still not occupying "higher economic, professional, political, social, and religious positions".[2] In relation to the political arena, UN Women reported that a 2012 study made by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) ranked Uruguay as being "103rd out of 189 countries in terms of representation of women in Parliament" and that "only 12 per cent of the current members of the Chamber of Senators and Chamber of Deputies in Uruguay are women".[3]

Notable women[edit]

One prominent Uruguayan woman is Paulina Luisi. Luisi was a leader of the feminist movement in the country of Uruguay. In 1909, she became the first woman in the country to obtain a medical degree and was highly respected. She represented Uruguay in international women's conferences and traveled throughout Europe. She voiced her opinion on women's rights, and in 1919, Paulina started the force for women's rights in Uruguay. By 1922, the Pan-American Conference of Women named Paulina Luisi an honorary vice president of the meeting and she continued to be an activist until Uruguay gave women the right to vote.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Global Gender Gap Report 2013". World Economic Forum. pp. 12–13. 
  2. ^ Division of Labor by Gender, Gender Roles and Statuses, Uruguay, everyculture.com
  3. ^ Young Uruguayan women aim to boost their role in politics, UN Women, January 29, 2013

External links[edit]