Women in Croatia

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Women in Croatia
Croatian girls in folklore costume in Hungary.jpg
Women in Croatia wearing traditional costume
Gender Inequality Index[1]
Value 0.172 (2013)
Rank 33rd out of 152
Maternal mortality (per 100,000) 17 (2010)
Women in parliament 23.8% (2013)
Females over 25 with secondary education 85.0% (2012)
Women in labour force 44.8% (2012)
Global Gender Gap Index[2]
Value 0.7069 (2013)
Rank 49th out of 136

Women in Croatia form half the population and in modern Croatian culture they are largely equal to men.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 Croatian census, there are 2,218,554 women in Croatia out of a total population of 4,284,889.[3]

The sex ratio of the population is 1.06 males per 1 female at birth and up to 14 years of age, and 0.99 males per 1 female between the ages of 15 and 64. But at ages over 64 the ratio is 0.64 males per 1 female. The ratio for the total population is 0.93 males per 1 female.[4] Life expectancy for women in Croatia is 80.1 years (2012).

In 2009, there were 44,577 live births in Croatia, comprising 22,877 male and 21,700 female children. Virtually all of those were performed in medical facilities; only 34 births occurred elsewhere. Out of the total number, 38,809 children were born in wedlock or within 300 days after the end of the marriage, and the average age of mothers at the birth of their first child was 27 years and 5 months. General fertility rate, i.e. number of births per 1,000 women aged 15–49 is 42.9, with the age specific rate peaking at 101.0 per million for women aged 25–29.[4]

In 2009, there were a total of 1.499 million employed persons, with 45% of that number pertaining to women.[5]

In 2008, the principal cause of death for women in Croatia was cardiovascular disease at 57.2%, followed by tumors at 21.4%. Other significant causes of death are injuries, poisonings and other external causes (3.9%), digestive system diseases (3.6%), respiratory system diseases (3.5%) and endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (3.0%).[5]

Historical leaders[edit]

The History of Croatia records several notable Croatian women.

Ana Katarina Zrinska was a countess, noblewoman, patron of the arts, writer and patriot.

Another notable woman in Croatia was Savka Dabčević-Kučar, who became one of the most influential Croatian female politicians during the communist period, and became the 5th Prime Minister of Croatia, and the 1st female Prime Minister of Croatia.

Legal status[edit]

Gender equality is part of Article 3 of the Constitution of Croatia.

A Gender Equality Ombudsman and the Office for Gender Equality has existed since 2003.[6]

Women's suffrage was introduced when the second Yugoslavia was formed in 1945.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Table 4: Gender Inequality Index". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  2. ^ "The Global Gender Gap Report 2013". World Economic Forum. pp. 12–13. 
  3. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
  4. ^ a b "World Factbook". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "2010 – Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia" (PDF). Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2011. 
  6. ^ Croatian Parliament (14 July 2003). "Zakon o ravnopravnosti spolova". Narodne novine (in Croatian) (116/2003). 

External links[edit]