Women in Denmark
Two Danish women having a conversation in Copenhagen, Denmark May 2006.
|Global Gender Gap Index|
|Rank||8th out of 136|
|Women in society|
The modern-day character and the historical status of women in Denmark has been influenced by their own involvement in women's movements and political participation in the history of Denmark. Their mark can be seen in the fields of politics, women's suffrage, and literature, among others.
There had been two major periods of women's movement in Denmark. The first one was from 1870 to 1920. The second was from 1970 to 1985. The first women's movement was led by the Dansk Kvindesamfund ("Danish Women's Society"). The Dansk Kvindesamfund's efforts as a leading group of women for women led to the existence of the revised Danish constitution of 1915, giving women the right to vote and the provision of equal opportunity laws during the 1920s, which influenced the present-day legislative measures to grant women access to education, work, marital rights and other obligations.
The second wave of women's movement was organized with the Rødstrømpebevælgelsen (the Red Stocking movement). The effort led to "institutionalized feminism" (managed directly by the Danish government) and to the "mainstreaming of equal opportunities" between Danish men and women.
Women in Denmark gained the right to vote on 05 June 1915.
Parliamentary appointments and elections
In 1918, a total of twelve Danish women were elected to the Danish parliament. Four of those women were elected to the Lower House (known as the Folketinget), while eight Danish women were elected to the Upper House (known as the Landstinget). In 1924, Nina Bang became the first female minister of Denmark, making Denmark the second country in the world to have a female minister. Jytte Anderson served as Minister of Employment from 1993 to 1998. Anderson was later appointed in 1998 as Senior Minister for Construction and Housing. In 1999, Andersen was appointed as the first Danish Minister on Gender Equality in 1999.
A second female minister in Denmark was elected twenty years later (counting from 1924). Afterwards - in 2000 - the female members of the government of Denmark increased to 45%.
Other notable Danish women
Among notable female Danes was Mathilde Bajer, who - together with her husband Fredrik Bajer - founded the Danish Women's Society in 1871, the oldest women's rights organization in the world. Another notable Danish woman was Lise Nørgaard (b. 1917), a Danish author and journalist during the 1930s and the 1940s. She authored the autobiographical books such as the Kun en pige ("Just a Girl", 1992) and De sendte en dame ("They Sent a Lady", 1993). Another notable Danish woman was Line Luplau, who achieved national fame in 1887 when she supported the cause to grant women to vote during local elections.
In literature, one of the most notable female literary writers in Denmark was Karen Blixen (1885–1962). She was also known by the pseudonyms Isak Dinesen and Tania Blixen. Blixen was the author of the Seven Gothic Tales (1934), a collection of short stories, which she wrote at the age of 49.
- List of Danes
- Danish Women's Society
- The Danish Girl, a novel
- Danish Center for Research on Women and Gender (KVINFO)
- "The Global Gender Gap Report 2013". World Economic Forum. pp. 12–13.
- Larsen, Jytte. "The women’s movement in Denmark". Translated by Gaye Kynoch. KVINFO. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
- Nielsen, Jytte. "How Danish women got the vote". translated by Gaye Kynoch. KVINFO. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
- Jacobsen, Helle. "Women in Decision-making". Europäische Datenbank: Frauen in Führungspositionen. European Database (2000). Retrieved 17 November 2013.
- "DANISH LITERATURE". DENMARK (the official website of Denmark), Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
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