Women in Northern Ireland are women who live in or are from the "traditional, conservative" and religious society of Northern Ireland. Their basic role, whether from Protestant or Catholic background, was to perform their duties as "wife and mother" in the family units. During the Industrial Revolution in Northern Ireland, the young and old women of Ireland worked for factories and mills. They struggled through the years of violence involving the Catholic Provisional Irish Republican Army (also known simply as the IRA) and the Protestant Ulster Defence Association (UDA), including when the internment of men - at the time - was enforced by the British army.
Among the notable women of Northern Ireland were Geraldine O'Regan and May Blood, a Catholic and a Protestant respectively. Both of them were active community leaders in Belfast, the administrative capital and largest city of Northern Ireland.