Women in Panama

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Women in Panama
A Panamanian woman wearing traditional clothing
Gender Inequality Index[1]
Value 0.506 (2013)
Rank 107th out of 152
Maternal mortality (per 100,000) 92 (2010)
Women in parliament 19.3% (2014)[2]
Females over 25 with secondary education 63.5% (2012)
Women in labour force 49.0% (2012)
Global Gender Gap Index[3]
Value 0.7164 (2013)
Rank 37th out of 136
A Panamanian Kuna woman wearing a traditional costume.

Women in Panama are the women who live in or are from Panama. Panamanian women, by tradition, are Hispanic and they are treated as equal to men, accorded with "deference and respect".

Panamanian culture[edit]

Young women in Panama, particularly those who are single, are regarded as persons with "very high symbolic status", including giving them roles as Carnaval Queens. One particular example of this type of reverence of female adolescents is the celebration of the inna suid by the Kuna Indians, which is a three-day celebration of the adolescent girls' coming of age.[4]

Some Panamanian women occupy high positions in the field of the professions, education, and government service. Panama had a female president as their national leader, in the person of Mireya Moscoso, who was Panama's first female president, serving from 1999 to 2004.[4]

Domestic violence[edit]

Further information: Domestic violence in Panama

Domestic violence in Panama is a serious problem.[5] The Family Code criminalizes rape, spousal rape, and family violence, including psychological, physical, or sexual abuse, and provides prison terms of one to five years.[5] There are few convictions for domestic violence because victims generally chose spousal therapy over prosecution.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Table 4: Gender Inequality Index". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/classif.htm
  3. ^ "The Global Gender Gap Report 2013" (PDF). World Economic Forum. pp. 12–13. 
  4. ^ a b Panama, everyculture.com
  5. ^ a b c Report on Human Rights Practices 2006: Panama. United States Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (March 6, 2007). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

External links[edit]