Women in Suriname
A Surinamese woman holding a basket full of fruits. Picture taken sometime within 1904-1937.
|Gender Inequality Index|
|Rank||94th out of 148|
|Maternal mortality (per 100,000)||130 (2010)|
|Women in parliament||11.8% (2012)|
|Females over 25 with secondary education||40.5% (2010)|
|Women in labour force||40.5% (2011)|
|Global Gender Gap Index|
|Rank||110th out of 136|
|Women in society|
Women in Suriname are women who were born in, live in, or are from Suriname. Surinamese women may be ethnically East Indian (Hindostani), Mixed, Creole/Afro-Surinamese, Javanese, Maroon, Amerindian, or of other ancestry. Many women of Suriname work in the informal sector and in subsistence agriculture.
Surinamese women have been described as the "emotional and economic center" of the household (see matrifocality) particularly in Creole family groups. However in traditionally patriarchal East Indian family groups, they have been described to act as subordinates; expected to obey cultural norms such as not to practice "living together" with a partner "without being married" first and that the bride should maintain her virginity until consummation after marriage. In Caribbean family groups, the leader of the household is normally the woman; it may be acceptable for women to have children from different partners, while others "practice serial monogamy".
In relation to caring for infants, Suriname's mothers place their babies inside cribs near them, particularly for sleeping, but is separated into another room if already at the right age. Other child rearing practices of women in Suriname include mothers carrying "their babies during the day" until night time when mothers place their babies in hammocks to sleep. Child care is different in Maroon women and Amerindian women because they are "reluctant to let anybody touch their babies". In general, Surinamese women allow their children to "spend the first five to six years" with them.
There are Surinamese proverbs that describe women in Suriname. The saying "An old woman's soup tastes better than a young woman's breast" is an example of those proverbs.
According to Country Reports, every ethnic groups of women in Suriname may differ in terms of clothing practices. Women of Suriname with Javanese heritage wear sarongs. The women with Creole ancestry or are Afro-Surinamese wear the kotomisse (koto for short) that is accompanied by a handkerchief or with head or body covering called as the angisa (also known as the anisa.
Notable Surinamese women
Cynthia McLeod (born as Cynthia Ferrier) is a Surinamese novelist, the half sister of Dutch politician Kathleen Ferrier (who is of Surinamese descent), who wrote about the life of Elisabeth Samson, a free Negress whose name occurs prominently in historical works on Suriname because she wanted to marry a white man (which was forbidden in the colony Suriname during the first half of the 18th century). According to McLeod, Samson was a rich free black person in Surinamese society that was dominated by prejudices and white supremacy. McLeod wrote the highly captivating novel titled The Free Negress Elisabeth, Prisoner of Color.
In Surinamese politics, Marijke Djwalapersad became the first woman in Suriname's history to assume as Chairperson of the National Assembly of Suriname (Surinamese Parliament) on October 10, 1996, holding the position until July 24, 2000. Then on June 30, 2010, Jennifer Simons (last name became Geerlings after marriage) became the second female chairman of the Surinamese National Assembly. Another Surinamese female politician, Ruth Wijdenbosch, became the first woman in Suriname to be appointed as Vice Chair.
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