Women in Transnistria
|Women in society|
Women in Transnistria are women who live in or are from Transnistria (may also be spelled as Transdniestria; and also known as the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, abbreviated as PMR).
Based on the census conducted in 2004, 54% of 555.3 thousand people are composed of women; of which 21% of those women are aged over 60 years old.
Based on the census conducted in 2004, 37% of women have been employed, while 19% were unemployed. Retired women were at 35%.
According to the 2004 census, 50.1% of the population in Transnistria were students in the "professional and higher education" fields. 15.9% of the women have received higher education, but some may not have been able to finished such higher level of education from educational institutions. 31.5% of the women received professional level education. 31.7% of the women received secondary level of education. 8.4 of the women received primary level of education.
Women in politics
Although still an country with limited recognition internationally, and although Freedom in the World 2012 had described that "[w]omen are underrepresented in most positions of authority", the current Transnistrian government includes 8 women and 6 men. Prime Minister of Transnistria (Tatiana Turanskaya) and 3 Deputy Prime Ministers out of 4 are also women (Natalia Nikiforova, Nina Shtanski and Maija Parnas). Women are widely presented in Presidential Administration of Transnistria: both the head of Administration (Nadezhda Baranova) and all the 5 presidential advisors (Alyona Klyus, Nadezhda Zablotskaya, Natalia Garbar, Anna Yanchuk and Galina Sandutsa) are women.
Women are somewhat underrepresented as heads of State Administrations of cities and districts (raions) of Transnistria (only Rybnitsa district is headed by a woman), but are widely presented on posts of deputy heads of State Administrations. Currently 2 deputies out of 5 in Tiraspol administration, 2 out of 2 in Bendery administration, 2 out of 3 in Rybnitsa administration, 2 out of 3 in Dubăsari administration, 2 out of 3 in Grigoriopol administration and 2 out of 2 in Camenca administration are women.
Some women of Transnistria, including minors, have become victims of domestic violence, human trafficking, and prostitution, which are three of the major problems in the country. Most often, trafficked Transnistrian women and girls are brought to Turkey and the United Arab Emirates.
- Women's vulnerability to HIV/AIDS in Transnistria Sociological Research Report 2011 (with link to English and Russian versions)
- Official biography of the Head of Presidential Administration of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic
- Advisors of the President of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic
- Official site of the State Administration of the Tiraspol City and of the Dnestrovsk City of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic
- Official site of the State Administration of the Bendery City of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic
- Official site of the State Administration of the Rybnitsa raion and the Rybnitsa City of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic
- Official site of the State Administration of the Dubossary raion and the Dubossary City of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic
- Official site of the State Administration of the Grigoriopol raion and the Grigoriopol City of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic
- Official site of the State Administration of the Kamenka raion and the Kamenka City of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic
- Transnistria, Freedom in the World 2012, freedomhouse.org
- Trafficking in Persons, A HUMAN SECURITY PERSPECTIVE ON TRANSNISTRIA REASSESSING THE SITUATION WITHIN THE “BLACK HOLE OF EUROPE”, Revue de la Sécurité Humaine/ Human Security Journal – Issue 3 – February 2007, pp. 18-19.
- Lungu, Anna. Peaceful Conflict Transformation in Transnistria, European University Centre for Peace Studies
- Transnistria The Giant Forgotten Cemetery, History and Voices of the Tragedy in Romania and Transnistria, The Nizkor Project
- Transnistria, PEOPLE’S PEACEMAKING PERSPECTIVES MAY 2011
- Gupta, Vidushi (UNHRC journalist). Time to Thrive – Transnistria at Turning Point, 19/05/2013
- Photo exhibition "Women of Transnistria: the diversity and uniqueness", UN WOMEN, saynotoviolence.org