Historically, a "labor rebellion" in Saint Croix was led by the heroine of canefield workers known as "Queen Mary". In 1999, the Virgin Islands Women's Business Center was established by the United States Small Business Administration in order to "encourage and train" female business entrepreneurs.
According to Countries and Their Culture there was a ratio of 1 in 3 households where the head of the family is a "single female parent", which is perhaps to an increasing rate of "unmarried teenage" pregnancies. In 1995, census data showed that there were 34% of "unmarried females" with at least an average of 2 children per family. Caring for infants is traditionally the responsibility of U.S. Virgin Islands women, which involves providing breastfeeding "supplemented by formula given in bottles"; and - in traditional households that hold on to folk beliefs - the mother would usually give the infant "bush tea" to induce sleep.