Solanum retroflexum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Wonderberry)
Jump to: navigation, search
"Sunberry", "Wonderberry" and variant spellings redirect here. These names are also used for a related plant that may be highly poisonous; see below for details.
Solanum retroflexum
Solanum retroflexum burbankii wonderberry sunberry.jpg
Flowers and unripe fruit of Solanum retroflexum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum
Species: S. retroflexum
Binomial name
Solanum retroflexum
Dunal
Synonyms[1]

Solanum × burbankii Bitter

Solanum retroflexum, commonly known as Wonderberry[1] or Sunberry,[1] is a historic heirloom fruiting shrub. Both common names are also used for the sometimes poisonous European Black Nightshade (S. nigrum) in some places, particularly where the latter species has been introduced, so care must be taken to distinguish them. It is sometimes called Garden Huckleberry, but that properly refers to the S. scabrum described by Philip Miller.

As its old scientific name that is still often seen, Solanum × burbankii, indicates, it is of hybrid origin. The plant was bred by Luther Burbank in the early 1900s and is a hybrid of S. villosum and S. guineense.[2]

Plants are compact, typically growing to a height of 12"-24", and may fruit at sizes as small as 4". The plant produces diminutive, dark blue-purple fruits that are bland in flavor and often combined with sugar in desserts. Green (unripe) fruits are poisonous.[citation needed]

The Wonderberry shrub is an extremely easy-to-grow plant which is grown similarly to tomatoes. Seeds are sown in the summer in full or part sun. Fruit can be expected in 75 days.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) (2006): Germplasm Resources Information NetworkSolanum retroflexum Dunal. Version of 2006-JAN-21. Retrieved 2008-SEP-29.
  2. ^ Year Book. No. 6. Carnegie Institution of Washington. 1907. p. 176. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 

External links[edit]