Woodbury, New Jersey

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Woodbury, New Jersey
City
City of Woodbury
Motto: "The city you can grow with!"
Map of Woodbury highlighted within Gloucester County. Inset: Location of Gloucester County in New Jersey.
Map of Woodbury highlighted within Gloucester County. Inset: Location of Gloucester County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Woodbury, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Woodbury, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°50′16″N 75°09′06″W / 39.837907°N 75.15153°W / 39.837907; -75.15153Coordinates: 39°50′16″N 75°09′06″W / 39.837907°N 75.15153°W / 39.837907; -75.15153[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Gloucester
Incorporated March 27, 1854
Government[5]
 • Type City
 • Mayor William J. Volk (term ends December 31, 2014)[3]
 • Administrator Karl Kinkler[4]
 • Clerk Roy Duffield[4]
Area[1]
 • Total 2.059 sq mi (5.333 km2)
 • Land 2.009 sq mi (5.203 km2)
 • Water 0.050 sq mi (0.130 km2)  2.43%
Area rank 410th of 566 in state
18th of 24 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 52 ft (16 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 10,174
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 10,078
 • Rank 242nd of 566 in state
10th of 24 in county[11]
 • Density 5,064.0/sq mi (1,955.2/km2)
 • Density rank 110th of 566 in state
1st of 24 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 08096-08097[12][13]
Area code(s) 856[14]
FIPS code 3401582120[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0885447[1][17]
Website woodbury.nj.us

Woodbury is a city in Gloucester County, New Jersey, in the United States. As of the 2010 United States Census the city's population was 10,174,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 133 (-1.3%) from the 10,307 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 597 (-5.5%) from the 10,904 counted in the 1990 Census.[18] Woodbury is the county seat of Gloucester County.[19][20]

Woodbury was originally formed as a borough on March 27, 1854, within Deptford Township, based on the results of a referendum held on March 22, 1854. On January 2, 1871, Woodbury was reincorporated as a city, based on the results of a referendum held that day.[21]

The Inspira Health Network is based in Woodbury.[22] The now-defunct Woodbury Country Club operated in Woodbury from 1897 to 2010, closing due to declining membership and mounting debt that led to a bankruptcy filing by the club.[23]

History[edit]

Child workers at Woodbury Bottle Works, November 1909. Photographed by Lewis Hine.

As recounted by the historian William McMahon, the Native Americans called the place where the city of Woodbury was to be founded, "Piscozackasing", or, 'place of the black burrs'.[24]

Woodbury was founded in 1683 by Henry Wood, a Quaker from the Northwest of England, who had left Great Britain due to religious persecution. Wood was incarcerated in Lancaster gaol for practicing as a Quaker and left his home in the village of Tottington, near Bury, Lancashire, in a boat to set up a community in the new world where he and his family could practice his religion freely. His surname and his home town went to make up the name of the city he founded – Woodbury.[25]

In 2000, the Borough of Bury, England, and the City of Woodbury were twinned as part of millennium celebrations in both countries. The twinning ceremony was the culmination of a week where more than 300 school children and college students, local dignitaries and local residents from Bury took part in sporting and cultural events held in and around Woodbury with local people. During the week there was a symbolic meeting and reconciliation of the Vicar of Henry Wood's former church in Tottington and the Quaker's meeting house in Woodbury and an ecumenical service attended by many of the residents and visitors.[26]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,534
1870 1,965 28.1%
1880 2,298 16.9%
1890 3,911 70.2%
1900 4,087 4.5%
1910 4,642 13.6%
1920 5,801 25.0%
1930 8,172 40.9%
1940 8,306 1.6%
1950 10,931 31.6%
1960 12,453 13.9%
1970 12,408 −0.4%
1980 10,353 −16.6%
1990 10,904 5.3%
2000 10,307 −5.5%
2010 10,174 −1.3%
Est. 2013 10,078 [10][27] −0.9%
Population sources:
1870-2000[28] 1860-1920[29]
1860-1870[30] 1870[31] 1880-1890[32]
1890-1910[33] 1910-1930[34]
1930-1990[35] 2000[36][37] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,174 people, 4,088 households, and 2,420 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,064.0 per square mile (1,955.2/km2). There were 4,456 housing units at an average density of 2,217.9 per square mile (856.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 66.01% (6,716) White, 24.91% (2,534) Black or African American, 0.23% (23) Native American, 1.28% (130) Asian, 0.28% (28) Pacific Islander, 3.19% (325) from other races, and 4.11% (418) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 10.66% (1,085) of the population.[7]

There were 4,088 households, of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.6% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.8% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.10.[7]

In the city, 23.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.0 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $58,629 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,598) and the median family income was $74,276 (+/- $7,880). Males had a median income of $57,019 (+/- $3,425) versus $37,363 (+/- $6,910) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $28,845 (+/- $2,571). About 7.8% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over.[38]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 10,307 people, 4,051 households, and 2,588 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,961.4 people per square mile (1,913.2/km2). There were 4,310 housing units at an average density of 2,074.7 per square mile (800.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 72.45% White, 22.83% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 1.28% from other races, and 2.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.94% of the population.[36][37]

There were 4,051 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 18.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.1% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.08.[36][37]

In the city the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.7 males.[36][37]

The median income for a household in the city was $41,827, and the median income for a family was $53,630. Males had a median income of $40,429 versus $30,570 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,592. About 11.2% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.7% of those under age 18 and 15.4% of those age 65 or over.[36][37]

Geography[edit]

Woodbury is located at 39°50′16″N 75°09′06″W / 39.837907°N 75.15153°W / 39.837907; -75.15153 (39.837907, −75.15153). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 2.059 square miles (5.333 km2), of which, 2.009 square miles (5.203 km2) of it was land and 0.050 square miles (0.130 km2) of it (2.43%) was water.[1][2] Woodbury has a few lakes that feed off of Woodbury Creek.

The city borders Woodbury Heights, West Deptford Township, and Deptford Township.

Climate[edit]

Woodbury has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) typical of New Jersey with warm summers and cold winters.

Climate data for Woodbury
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 41
(5)
45
(7)
54
(12)
65
(18)
74
(23)
82
(28)
87
(31)
85
(29)
78
(26)
67
(19)
57
(14)
46
(8)
65.1
(18.3)
Average low °F (°C) 24
(−4)
26
(−3)
33
(1)
42
(6)
52
(11)
61
(16)
67
(19)
65
(18)
58
(14)
46
(8)
38
(3)
29
(−2)
45.1
(7.3)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.71
(94.2)
2.76
(70.1)
4.08
(103.6)
3.95
(100.3)
4.38
(111.3)
3.81
(96.8)
4.52
(114.8)
4.37
(111)
4.11
(104.4)
3.26
(82.8)
3.51
(89.2)
3.49
(88.6)
45.95
(1,167.1)
Source: [39]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Woodbury is governed under the City form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a Mayor and a City Council comprising nine council members. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters. The City Council consists of nine members, three from each of three wards, elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with one seat from each ward coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[5][40]

As of 2014, the Mayor of the City of Woodbury is Democrat William J. Volk, whose term ends December 31, 2014.[41] Members of the Woodbury City Council are:[42][43][44][45]

  • First Ward: Lester Lockman (R, 2014), Tracey L. Parker (D, 2015) and Danielle Carter (D, 2016)
  • Second Ward: Theodore Johnson, Jr. (D, 2014), William H. Fleming (D, 2015) and David Trovato (D, 2016)
  • Third Ward: Richard Hock (R, 2014), David Swanson (D, 2015) and Heather S. Tierney (R, 2016)

The Democratic sweep in November 2012 of the three council seats and mayor gave the party a 6-3 majority on the 2013 council.[46]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Woodbury is located in the 1st Congressional District[47] and is part of New Jersey's 5th state legislative district.[8][48][49]

The seat for New Jersey's First Congressional District is currently vacant, having formerly been represented by Rob Andrews (D, Haddon Heights), who resigned on February 18, 2014.[50] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[51][52] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[53][54]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 5th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Donald Norcross (D, Camden) and in the General Assembly by Angel Fuentes (D, Camden) and Gilbert "Whip" Wilson (D, Camden).[55] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[56] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[57]

Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At a reorganization meeting held each January, the Board selects a Freeholder Director and a Deputy Freeholder Director from among its members. As of 2014, Gloucester County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert M. Damminger (D, West Deptford Township; term ends December 31, 2015),[58] Deputy Freeholder Director Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; 2015),[59] Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2014),[60] Daniel Christy (D, Washington Township; 2016),[61] Frank J. DiMarco (D, Deptford Township; 2016),[62] Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2014)[63] and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township; 2014).[64][65][66][67] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk James N. Hogan,[68] Surrogate Helene M. Reed (Monroe Township)[69] and Sheriff Carmel Morina (Greenwich Township).[70][71][66]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 6,368 registered voters in Woodbury, of which 2,255 (35.4%) were registered as Democrats, 1,162 (18.2%) were registered as Republicans and 2,948 (46.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.[72]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 66.9% of the vote here (3,216 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 30.9% (1,487 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (58 votes), among the 4,806 ballots cast by the city's 6,829 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.4%.[73] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 60.1% of the vote here (2,735 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 38.3% (1,742 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (43 votes), among the 4,547 ballots cast by the city's 6,521 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 69.7.[74]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 51.8% of the vote here (1,416 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 36.4% (995 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.5% (232 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (34 votes), among the 2,732 ballots cast by the city's 6,649 registered voters, yielding a 41.1% turnout.[75]

Education[edit]

The Woodbury Public Schools serve students in pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's four schools had an enrollment of 1,511 students and 127.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.85:1.[76] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[77]) are Evergreen Avenue Elementary School[78] (grades preK-5; 315 students), Walnut Street Elementary School[79] (K-5; 92), West End Memorial Elementary School[80] (K-5; 340) and Woodbury Junior-Senior High School[81] (6-12; 764).[82][83]

Historical ties[edit]

Recycling forerunner[edit]

Woodbury was the first city in the United States to mandate recycling. This effort was led by then-councilman and later mayor Donald P. Sanderson in the 1970s, and an ordinance was finally passed in December 1980. The idea of towing a "recycling" trailer behind a trash collection vehicle to enable the collection of trash and recyclable material at the same time emerged. Sanderson was asked to speak in municipalities throughout the country and other towns and cities soon followed suit.[84]

Paleontological discovery[edit]

In 1787, a fossil bone recovered in Woodbury from local Cretaceous strata was discussed by the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia.[85] The remains were only retrospectively identified as dinosaurian,[85] as dinosaurs would not be scientifically recognized as a distinct group of reptiles until Sir Richard Owen presented his treatise on British fossil reptiles to the British Association in August 1841.[86]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the city had a total of 36.26 miles (58.35 km) of roadways, of which 29.15 miles (46.91 km) were maintained by the municipality, 5.04 miles (8.11 km) by Gloucester County and 2.07 miles (3.33 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[87]

Route 45 (Mantua Avenue / Broad Street) enters the city at its southernmost point from West Deptford Township and proceeds for 1.8 miles (2.9 km) before heading along the Deptford Township / West Deptford Township border at the north end of the city.[88]

County Route 551 (Salem Avenue) enters from West Deptford Township in the southwest and proceeds for 0.5 miles (0.80 km) before beginning a concurrency with Route 45.[89]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit bus service between the city and Philadelphia is available on the 401 (from Salem), 402 (from Pennsville Township), 410 (from Bridgeton) and 412 (from Sewell) routes, with local service offered on the 455 (Cherry Hill Township to Paulsboro) and 463 (between Woodbury and the Avandale Park/Ride in Winslow Township) routes.[90][91]

Beginning in the 1860s passenger train service was provided successively by the Camden and Woodbury Railroad, West Jersey Railroad, West Jersey & Seashore Railroad and the Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines ending in the 1971. The station was built in 1883 and renovated in 2000.[92]

A stop on the proposed Glassboro–Camden Line, an 18-mile (28.97 km) diesel multiple unit (DMU) light rail system projected for completion in 2019, is planned.[93]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Woodbury include:

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ a b City Officials, City of Woodbury. Accessed July 9, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 28.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Woodbury, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Woodbury city, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 3. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Woodbury city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 9, 2012.
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  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Woodbury, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 9, 2012.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed November 12, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Woodbury, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed November 11, 2013.
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  23. ^ Conaboy, Chelsea. "Plan would put houses on defunct Woodbury Country Club", The Philadelphia Inquirer, August 23, 2010. Accessed November 12, 2013. "The country club, which was founded in 1897, filed for bankruptcy last summer, citing about $2.88 million in debt, then closed in October. Membership had been declining for years and couldn't support debt from a 1991 renovation."
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  26. ^ Staff. "AN OVERSEAS TRIP TO BURY A HATCHET WOODBURY RESIDENTS WILL VISIT THE ENGLISH TOWN FROM WHICH THE FOUNDER OF THEIR TOWN FLED PERSECUTION.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, February 4, 2001. Accessed July 9, 2012.
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  45. ^ Barna, John. "Republicans gain five local government seats in Gloucester County", Gloucester County Times, November 8, 2011. Accessed November 12, 2013. "WOODBURY - In the first ward, Republican Lester C. Lockman (225) defeated incumbent Democrat Patrick D. Pottillo (220) for a full term and incumbent Republican Francis I. Connor III (232) defeated Democrat David L. Schrock (216) for an unexpired term. In the second ward, incumbent Democrat Gwendolyn Joyce Brown (350) defeated Republican David W. White (230). In the third ward, incumbent Republican Harry E. Trout (501) defeated Democrat David Swanson (300)."
  46. ^ Bautista, Jessica. "Woodbury municipal election swept by Democrats", South Jersey Times, November 6, 2012. Accessed November 12, 2013. "Volk was among the four victorious Democrats that swept the city’s municipal race Tuesday.Once the new year begins, the county seat’s political make-up will be 6-3 Democrat with a Democratic mayor — a vast difference from this past year’s 5-4 Republican edge with a Republican mayor."
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  60. ^ Lyman Barnes, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  61. ^ Daniel Christy, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  62. ^ Frank J. DiMarco, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  63. ^ Heather Simmons, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  64. ^ Adam J. Taliaferro, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
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  68. ^ James N. Hogan, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  69. ^ Surrogate Helene M. Reed, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  70. ^ Sheriff Carmel M. Morina, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
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  72. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Gloucester, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 10, 2012.
  73. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 10, 2012.
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  75. ^ 2009 Governor: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 10, 2012.
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