Woodlands style

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The Woodland School Of Art, also named Woodlands style, Woodlands School, or Anishnabe painting, is a genre of painting among First Nations and Native American artists from the Great Lakes area - including northern Ontario and southwestern Manitoba. The majority of the Woodland artists belong to the Anishinaabeg - notably the Ojibwe (also Ojibwa), Odawa, and Potawatomi, as well as the Oji-Cree and the Cree. The style is also known as Legend Painting or Medicine Painting.[1]

Origin[edit]

The style was founded by Norval Morrisseau, a First Nations Ojibwe artist from Northern Ontario, Canada.[2] He learned Ojibwe history and culture primarily from his grandfather Moses "Potan" Nanakonagos and later collected traditional narratives from his tribe in the 1950s. This oral history provided subject matter for his paintings, and he drew upon dreams and visions.[1] Morrisseau said, "all my painting and drawing is really a continuation of the shaman's scrolls."[3] Ojibwe intaglio, pictographs, petrographs rock art and birch bark scrolls, Wiigwaasabak, were stylistic antecedents of the Woodland style.

Style[edit]

This visionary style emphasizes outlines and x-ray views of people, animals, and plant life.[1] Colours are vivid, even garish. While Morrisseau painted on birch bark initially, the media of Woodland style tends to be western, such as acrylic, gouache, or watercolor paints on paper, wood panels, or canvas.

Woodland style artists[edit]

  • Ahmoo Angeconeb (b. 1955)
  • Chris Angeconeb (Ezhinwed)
  • Donald Gordon AhnAhnsisi-McIntyre
  • Bruce Anishinabe
  • Samuel Ash (1951)
  • Jackson Beardy (1944–1984)[4]
  • Lawrence Stephen Beaulieu (b. 1959)
  • Moses Beaver (Amik)
  • Rick Beaver (b. 1948)
  • Richard Bedwash (1936–2007)
  • Christi Belcourt (1966)
  • Leland Bell (Bebaminojmat) (b. 1953)
  • Isaac Bignell (1958–1995)
  • Ayla Bouvette (b. 1941)
  • David Joseph Brooks
  • Richard Mark Bruder
  • Allan Chapman (b. 1953)
  • Benjamin Chee Chee (1944–1977)
  • Shirley Cheechoo (b. 1952)
  • Kelly Church (b. 1967)
  • Eddy Cobiness (1933–1996)
  • Gordon M. Coons
  • Jeffrey Bluesky Crowe (b. 1974)
  • Doris Cyrette
  • Blair Debassige (1961)
  • Blake Debassige (b. 1956)[4]
  • Lloyd Dubois (b. 1964)
  • Noel Ducharme (1921–1988)
  • Gordon Fiddler (b. 1955)
  • Rocky R. Fiddler (b. 1959)
  • Gelineau Fisher
  • Kurt Flett (1956–2011)
  • Doug Fox
  • Tammo G. Geertsema (Zhaawano Giizhik) (b. 1959)
  • Derek Harper
  • Theo Head (b. 1958)
  • Shaun Hedican
  • Thomas (Tom) Hogan
  • James Jacko (b. 1968)
  • Mark Anthony Jacobson
  • Alex Janvier (b. 1935)
  • David Beaucage Johnson
  • Robert Kakaygeesick Jr. (b. 1948)
  • Dusty Kakegamic
  • Goyce Kakegamic (b. 1948)
  • Josh Kakegamic (b. 1994)
  • Joshim Kakegamic (1952–1993)
  • Peter Kakegamic
  • Robert Kakegamic (b. 1944)
  • Roy Kakegamic (1951)
  • Lionel Kakekagumick
  • Abe Kakepetum
  • Lloyd Kakepetum
  • Roger Kakepetum
  • Francis Kakige
  • Eleanor Kanasawee
  • Clayton Samuel King
  • Michael Kinoshameg
  • Norman Knott (1945–2003)
  • John Laford (b. 1954)
  • Joanne Victoria Larkman
  • Melvin Madahbee
  • Brian Marion (1960–2011)
  • Craig McKay
  • Dennis McLeod
  • Simone McLeod (Aki-egwaniizid) (b. 1962)
  • Bart Meekis
  • Peter Miigwan (Migwans)
  • William Anthony Monague
  • Benjamin Morrisseau
  • Bruce Morrisseau (b. 1965)
  • Christian Morrisseau (b. 1969)
  • David Morrisseau
  • Eugene Morrisseau
  • Kyle Peter Morrisseau (1992–2009)
  • Lisa Morrisseau
  • Norval Morrisseau (ᒥᐢᒁᐱᐦᐠ ᐊᓂᒥᐦᑮ / Miskwaabik Animikii) (1931–2007)[4]
  • Wilfred (Wolf) Morrisseau
  • Eddie Munroe (1961-2012)
  • William Nelson
  • Leo (Sweatpie) Neilson
  • Daphne Odjig (b. 1919)
  • Darla Fisher Odjig (b. 1952)
  • Mike Ormsby (W’ dae b’ wae)
  • Jimi Oskineegish
  • Martin Panamick (b. 1956–1977)
  • Stanley Panamick
  • Aaron Paquette
  • Derek Paul
  • Barry Peters (b. 1958)
  • Mario Peters
  • Paddy Peters (b. 1956)
  • Duncan Neganigwane Pheasant (b. 1960)
  • Frank Polson (b. 1952)
  • Carl Ray (1943–1978)[4]
  • Jay Bell Redbird (b. 1966)
  • John D Rombough
  • Zoey Wood Salomon (b. 1954)
  • Ernie Scoles (b. 1962)
  • Mark Seabrook
  • James Simon (Mishibinijima) (b. 1954)
  • Ivan Shawana
  • Ritchie R. Sinclair (b. 1957)
  • Daniel Pitchegigwaneh-Svetlonos (b. 1974)
  • Jackie Traverse
  • Roy Thomas (1949–2004)
  • Randy Trudeau (1954–2013)
  • Candace Twance
  • Isadore Wadow (1950–1984)
  • Clemence Wescoupe (Oozabiness) (b. 1951)
  • David B. Williams (1947–2009)
  • Saul Williams (b. 1954)
  • Vasil Woodland (Mushyk Vasiliy)
  • Cecil Youngfox (1942–1987)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Norval Morrisseau." Native American Artworld. (retrieved 25 Oct 2010)
  2. ^ Berlo and Phillips 229
  3. ^ Berlo and Phillips 230
  4. ^ a b c d Berlo and Phillips 231

References[edit]

  • Berlo, Janet C. and Ruth B. Phillips. Native North American Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998: 97-8. ISBN 978-0-19-284218-3.

Further reading[edit]

  • Dawson,K.C.A. (1966) "The Kaministikwia Itaglio Dog Effigy Mound." Ontario Archeology. No.9 (June):25-84.
  • Pollack, Jack. The Art of Norval Morrisseau. Toronto: Metheren Press, 1979. ASIN B001BY1VHU.
  • Rajnovich,Grace. "Reading Rock Art." Interpreting the Indian Rock Paintings of the Canadian Shield. Dundum Press Ltd., 1994'
  • Robinson, Donald C. Travels To the House of Invention. Bolton, Ontario: Key Porter Books, Ltd., 1997. ISBN 1-55013-880-4.
  • Selwyn Dewdney and King Kenneth E. Indian Rock Paintings of the Great Lakes. University of Toronto Press, 1967.

External links[edit]