Woodlawn Cemetery (Bronx)

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Woodlawn Cemetery
Woodlawn north gate jeh.JPG
Main office building
Woodlawn Cemetery (Bronx) is located in New York City
Woodlawn Cemetery (Bronx)
Location Webster Avenue and East 233rd Street
Woodlawn, The Bronx
Coordinates 40°53′21″N 73°52′24″W / 40.88917°N 73.87333°W / 40.88917; -73.87333Coordinates: 40°53′21″N 73°52′24″W / 40.88917°N 73.87333°W / 40.88917; -73.87333
NRHP Reference # 11000563
Significant dates
Added to NRHP June 23, 2011
Designated NHL June 23, 2011
Jerome Avenue gate

Woodlawn Cemetery is one of the largest cemeteries in New York City and is a designated National Historic Landmark. It has the character of a rural cemetery located in Woodlawn in the Bronx, New York City. It opened in 1863,[1] in what was then southern Westchester County, in an area that was later annexed to New York City in 1874.[citation needed]

Overview[edit]

The Cemetery covers more than 400 acres (160 ha)[1] and is the resting place for more than 300,000 people. It is also the site of the "Annie Bliss Titanic Memorial", dedicated to those who perished in the 1912 maritime disaster. Built on rolling hills, its tree-lined roads lead to some unique memorials, some designed by famous American architects: McKim, Mead & White, John Russell Pope, James Gamble Rogers, Cass Gilbert, Carrère and Hastings, Sir Edwin Lutyens, Beatrix Jones Farrand, and John LaFarge. The cemetery contains seven Commonwealth war graves - six British and Canadian servicemen of World War I and an airman of the Royal Canadian Air Force of World War II.[2] In 2011, Woodlawn Cemetery was designated a National Historic Landmark, since it shows the transition from the rural cemetery popular at the time of its establishment to the more orderly 20th-century cemetery style.[3]

As of 2007, plot prices at Woodlawn were reported as $200 per square foot, $4,800 for a gravesite for two, and up to $1.5 million for land to build a family mausoleum.[4]

Burials moved to Woodlawn[edit]

Woodlawn was the destination for many human remains disinterred from cemeteries in more densely populated parts of New York City:[5]

  • The Dyckman-Nagle Burying Ground,[6] West 212th Street at 9th Avenue, in the Borough of Manhattan, was originally established in 1677 and originally contained 417 plots. In 1905, the remains, with the exception of Staats Morris Dyckman[7] and his family, were removed. By 1927, the Dyckman graves were finally moved to Woodlawn Cemetery. The former Dutch colonial-era cemetery is now a 207th Street subway train yard.[citation needed]
  • West Farms Dutch Reformed Church at Boone Avenue and 172nd Street in the Borough of The Bronx had most of its graves moved to Woodlawn Cemetery.[citation needed]
  • Bensonia Cemetery, (also known as "Morrisania Cemetery"), was originally a Native American Burial Ground. The graves were moved to Woodlawn Cemetery. Public School #138, in The Bronx, is now on the site.[citation needed]
  • Rutgers Street church graves were also moved to Woodlawn.[citation needed]

Notable burials[edit]

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Image gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Woodlawn Cemetery -A National Historic Landmark". Retrieved November 17,2 013.
  2. ^ "Find War Dead" Commonwealth War Graves Commission. WGC Cemetery Report. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
  3. ^ "National Register of Historic Places listings; July 22, 2011". National Park Service. July 22, 2011. Retrieved July 25, 2011. 
  4. ^ Tom Van Riper, America's Most Expensive Cemeteries, Forbes.com, October 26, 2007
  5. ^ Carolee Inskeep (1998), The Graveyard Shift: A Family Historian's Guide to New York City Cemeteries, Ancestry Publishing, ISBN 0-916489-89-2, ISBN 978-0-916489-89-2, page xii
  6. ^ "Forgotten Cemeteries of Inwood". 
  7. ^ "Staats/States Dyckman biography". New York State Museum. 
  8. ^ a b c d Brady, Emily (February 25, 2007). "Amid the Gravestones, a Final Love Song". The New York Times.

External links[edit]