Woods County, Oklahoma

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Woods County, Oklahoma
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Woods County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded 1893
Named for Samuel Wood
Seat Alva
Largest city Alva
Area
 • Total 1,290 sq mi (3,341 km2)
 • Land 1,287 sq mi (3,332 km2)
 • Water 4 sq mi (9 km2), 0.27
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 8,832
 • Density 6.8/sq mi (2.6/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Woods County is located in the northwestern part of Oklahoma, on the Kansas border. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,878.[1] Its county seat is Alva.[2] The county is named after Samuel Newitt Wood, a renowned Kansas populist.[3]

History[edit]

The known explorer of the area now contained within Woods County was George C. Sibley, who traveled through in 1811. He visited a salt formation near the present town of Freedom, Oklahoma, then followed the Mountain Fork of the Arkansas River southeastward to the Great Salt Plains. In 1843, Nathan Boone traveled along the Cimarron River.[4]

The area was part of the so-called Cherokee Outlet, acquired by the Cherokee Nation under the Treaty of New Echota. It later became important for cattle ranching. The Dodge City and Red Fork Trail, a branch of the Chisholm Trail followed the north bank of the Cimarron River en route to Kansas. The U. S. Government acquired the Cherokee Outlet under Congressional Acts in 1889, 1891 and 1893, and divided the area into counties. One of these was designated M County, prior to opening the area for settlement. The Secretary of the Interior designated Alva as the county seat. M County was renamed Woods County by an election on November 6, 1894.[4] Woods County became part of Oklahoma Territory.

The Constitutional Convention of 1906 created Major County and Alfalfa County from southern and eastern parts of Woods County and added a part of Woodward County to Woods County.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,290 square miles (3,300 km2), of which 1,287 square miles (3,330 km2) is land and 4 square miles (10 km2) (0.27%) is water.[5]

Major Highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 17,567
1920 15,939 −9.3%
1930 17,005 6.7%
1940 14,915 −12.3%
1950 14,526 −2.6%
1960 11,932 −17.9%
1970 11,920 −0.1%
1980 10,923 −8.4%
1990 9,103 −16.7%
2000 9,089 −0.2%
2010 8,878 −2.3%
Est. 2012 8,832 −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[1]
Age pyramid for Woods County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,878 people, 3,533 households, and 2,133 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 4,478 housing units at an average density of 3.5 per square mile (1.3/km²).[7] The racial makeup of the county was 88.4% white, 3.3% black or African American, 2.4% Native American, 0.9% Asian, less than 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.3% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. 4.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,533 households, out of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.2% were non-families. 32.3% of households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. 8.2% of the population was institutionalized The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the county, the population was spread out with 18.8% under the age of 18, 18.6% from 18 to 24, 22.3% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.7 years. For every 100 females there were 114.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.9 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,255, and the median income for a family was $60,500. Males had a median income of $39,754 versus $23,897 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,935. About 8% of families and 16% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012[8]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 1,738 34.38%
  Republican 2,880 56.96%
  Unaffiliated 438 8.66%
Total 5,056 100%

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[9]
Year Republican Democrat
2008 77.71% 3,043 22.29% 873
2004 75.89% 3,166 22.74% 932
2000 68.56% 2,774 30.52% 1,235

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 13, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/W/WO014.html
  4. ^ a b c Reichenberger, Donovan. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Woods County." Retrieved January 1, 2013.[1]
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 13, 2013. 
  7. ^ "General Housing Characteristics: 2010 - United States -- County by State; and for Puerto Rico". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2013. 
  8. ^ http://www.ok.gov/elections/documents/reg_0112.pdf
  9. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 

Coordinates: 36°46′N 98°52′W / 36.77°N 98.86°W / 36.77; -98.86