|Elevation||669 ft (204 m)|
|Area||0.39 sq mi (1 km2)|
|- land||0.39 sq mi (1 km2)|
|- water||0.00 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Density||1,442.6 / sq mi (557 / km2)|
|Platted||May 2, 1859|
|Incorporated||April 9, 1894|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
Woodson is located at  south of Lake Jacksonville and south of combined U.S. Route 36 and Interstate 72. It lies next to State Highway 67. According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 0.39 square miles (1.0 km2), all land.(39.6274649, -90.2254065),
As of the census of 2000, there were 559 people, 209 households, and 165 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,442.6 people per square mile (553.4/km²). There were 219 housing units at an average density of 565.2 per square mile (216.8/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.96% White, 0.72% African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.54% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.
There were 209 households out of which 44.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.1% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.6% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the village the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 7.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $41,500, and the median income for a family was $44,375. Males had a median income of $35,435 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the village was $17,175. About 4.2% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.
- History of Morgan County, Illinois: Its Past and Present, Containing a History of the County ; Its Cities, Towns, Etc. ; a Biographical Directory of Its Citizens ; War Record of Its Volunteers in the Late Rebellion ... Etc. Chicago: Donnelley, Loyd. 1878. p. 429. OCLC 3427482.
- Illinois Regional Archives Depository System. "Name Index to Illinois Local Governments". Illinois State Archives. Illinois Secretary of State. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Village of Woodson
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.