Wookey

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Not to be confused with Wookiee, Wookie, or Wookey Hole.
Wookey
Two bay building with square tower with spirelet. In the foreground are gravestones in a grassy area.
Church of St Matthew, Wookey
Wookey is located in Somerset
Wookey
Wookey
 Wookey shown within Somerset
Population 1,311 [1]
OS grid reference ST515455
District Mendip
Shire county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WELLS
Postcode district BA5
Dialling code 01749
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Wells
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Coordinates: 51°12′34″N 2°41′29″W / 51.2094°N 2.6915°W / 51.2094; -2.6915

Wookey is a village and civil parish 2 miles (3.2 km) west of Wells, on the River Axe in the Mendip district of Somerset, England. Wookey is often confused with its sister village Wookey Hole which is perhaps best known today for the Wookey Hole Caves. The parish includes the village of Henton and the nearby hamlets of Yarley and Bleadney where the River Axe, travels the length of the village. There used to be a port at Bleadney on the river in the 8th century which allowed goods to be brought to within 3 miles (5 km) of Wells.

History[edit]

The name Wookey is thought to come from the Old English wocig, meaning an animal trap.[2] An alternative explanation has been offered which suggests it comes from the Celtic word ogof meaning cave,[3][4] possibly appearing also as Woky [5]

Fenny Castle

One mile north-west of Polsham, but within the parish of Wookey are the earthwork remains of Fenny Castle, a motte and bailey castle sited on a natural hillock.[6][7]

The parish was part of the hundred of Wells Forum.[8]

The now-closed Wookey Station, once lying on Cheddar Valley line branch of the Bristol and Exeter Railway, is a geological Site of Special Scientific Interest.

The village included a manor house built by Bishop Jocelin of Wells in the 13th century. It was rebuilt in the sixteenth century and is now a farmhouse and Grade II* listed building.[3][9]

The population in 1821 was 1,040, comprising 223 families, of which 147 were employed in agriculture.[10]

The National School was founded in the village in 1844 by St Matthew's Church. From October to December 1880, H. G. Wells joined the school as a pupil-teacher aged 12, following a relative who was headteacher at that time.[11] It later became Wookey Primary School, a community primary for around 85 children aged 4 to 11 of Wookey and the surrounding area.[12]

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of Mendip, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Wells Rural District,[13] which is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of the Wells county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Religious sites[edit]

St Matthew's church dates from the twelfth century and is a Grade I listed building.[14] It was granted to the dean of Wells by Bishop Robert, rebuilt by Bishop Reginald and assigned to the sub dean of the cathedral in 1209. The south chancel is thought to have been built to house the memorial to Thomas Clerke in 1556.[3] Beside the church stands the Mellifont Abbey, which was once home to Sir Jacob Wolff, 1st Baronet, where a monument to him and his wife can be seen in the church.[15] Mellifont Abbey is named after the abbey of the same name in Ireland.[3]

Notable residents[edit]

Wookey was the birthplace of the trade unionist A.J. Cook, and of Sir Arthur Pearson, the publisher and philanthropist.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wookey Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Robinson, Stephen (1992). Somerset Place Names. Wimborne, Dorset: The Dovecote Press Ltd. ISBN 1-874336-03-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d Bush, Robin (1994). Somerset: The complete guide. Wimborne, Dorset: Dovecote Press. ISBN 1-874336-27-X. 
  4. ^ Holmes, Thomas Scott. The History of the Parish and Manor of Wookey. 
  5. ^ Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas. National Archives; CP40/541; year 1396; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT6/R2/CP40no541a/aCP40no541afronts/IMG_0450.htm; 9th entry; the defendant is William Smyth, of Woky
  6. ^ "Fenny Castle". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Somerset County Council. Retrieved 13 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "Fenny Castle". Pastscape — National Monument Record. English Heritage. Retrieved 13 May 2011. 
  8. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  9. ^ "Court Farmhouse". Images of England. Retrieved 26 November 2006. 
  10. ^ "Somersetshire delineated, by C. and J. Greenwood, 1822". Google Books. Retrieved 25 October 2007. 
  11. ^ Searle, Muriel (2002). West Country History: Somerset. Intellect Books. p. 119. ISBN 9781841508023. 
  12. ^ "Wookey Primary School". Wookey Primary School. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  13. ^ "Wells RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  14. ^ "Church of St Matthew". Images of England. Retrieved 26 November 2006. 
  15. ^ "Mellifont Abbey". Images of England. Retrieved 12 October 2007. 

External links[edit]