Woolloomooloo

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Woolloomooloo
SydneyNew South Wales
Woolloomooloo Bay Sydney.jpg
Woolloomooloo Bay and Finger Wharf
Population 3,716 (2011 census)[1]
 • Density 7,400/km2 (19,200/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 2011
Area 0.5 km2 (0.2 sq mi)
Location 1.5 km (1 mi) east of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) City of Sydney
State electorate(s) Sydney
Federal Division(s) Wentworth
Suburbs around Woolloomooloo:
Sydney CBD Port Jackson Potts Point
Sydney CBD Woolloomooloo Potts Point
East Sydney Darlinghurst Kings Cross

Woolloomooloo (/ˈwʊlʉmʉˌl/ WUU-lu-mu-LOO) is a harbourside, inner-city eastern suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Woolloomooloo is 1.5 kilometres east of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Sydney. It is in a low-lying, former docklands area at the head of Woolloomooloo Bay, on Sydney Harbour. The Domain sits to the west, the locality of East Sydney is near the south-west corner of the suburb and the locality of Kings Cross is near the south-east corner. Potts Point is immediately to the east.

The suburb was a poorer working class district of Sydney. This has changed only recently with recent gentrification of the inner city areas of Sydney. The redevelopment of the waterfront, particularly the construction of the housing development on the Finger Wharf, has caused major change. Areas of public housing (Housing NSW aka "Housing Commission") still exist in the suburb.

History[edit]

Aboriginal culture[edit]

The current spelling of Woolloomooloo is derived from the name of the first homestead in the area, Wolloomooloo House, built by the first landowner John Palmer. There is debate as to how Palmer came up with the name with different Aboriginal words being suggested. Anthropologist J.D. McCarthy wrote in 'NSW Aboriginal Places Names', in 1946, that Woolloomooloo could be derived from either Wallamullah, meaning place of plenty or Wallabahmullah, meaning a young black kangaroo.[2]

In 1852, the traveller Col. G.C. Mundy wrote that the name came from Wala-mala, meaning an Aboriginal burial ground. It has also been suggested that the name means field of blood, due to the alleged Aboriginal tribal fights that took place in the area, or that it is from the pronunciation by Aborigines of windmill, from the one that existed on Darlinghurst ridge until the 1850s. Woolloomooloo is officially the word with the most o's in the English language.

Woolloomooloo Bay in 1855 (watercolour)

European settlement[edit]

After the First Fleet's arrival in Sydney, the area was initially called Garden Cove or Garden Island Cove after the nearby small wooded Garden Island, off the shore. The first land grant was given to John Palmer in 1793 to allow him to run cattle for the fledgling colony.

In the 1840s the farm land was subdivided into what is now Woolloomooloo, Darlinghurst and parts of Surry Hills. Originally the area saw affluent residents building grand houses, many with spectacular gardens, attracted by the bay and close proximity to the city and Government House.[3]

The area slowly started to change after expensive houses were built in Elizabeth Bay and further east and a road was needed from Sydney. It was for this reason that William Street was built, dividing the land for the first time.

Trams[edit]

Main article: Trams in Sydney

The Woolloomooloo tram line opened in stages between 1915 and 1918. This line branched off from Park Street and ran north along Haig Avenue, St John Young Crescent and Lincoln Crescent to Brown's Wharf at Woolloomooloo. Through service ran from Circular Quay via Elizabeth and Park Streets. The line was an early closure, in 1935, being replaced by a bus service from Pyrmont.

Landmarks[edit]

Main article: Finger Wharf
Overlooking Woolloomooloo from the Domain Park

Woolloomooloo is home to the Finger Wharf, known for its remarkable size. It is 400 metres (1,310 ft) long and 63 m (210 ft) wide and stands on 3,600 piles.

The Sydney Harbour Trust built the Finger Wharf, or Woolloomooloo Wharf, between 1911 and 1915 with the charter to bring order to Sydney Harbour's foreshore facilities. The wharf became the largest wooden structure in the world. The areas commerce was dominated by shipping at the wharf and by the regular influx of sailors and officers from the Garden Island base of the Royal Australian Navy.

The wharf's influence diminished for Woolloomooloo during the 1970s when other more modern wharves were preferred. By the 1980s the wharf lay derelict and empty and in 1987, the state government decided to demolish the Wharf.[4] A new complex was approved to replace the wharf in Woolloomooloo Bay, but when demolition work was due to begin in January 1991, locals blocked entrance to the site.[5] Unions imposed a Green ban which stopped demolition crews from undertaking work.[5]

In the mid-1990s the wharf was renovated into 300 private residential apartments and a boutique hotel with 104 guestrooms. It also has several restaurants and bars, including the popular Water Bar, frequented by many visiting celebrities. At first the hotel was launched as "W Sydney - Woolloomooloo" and was the W Hotels brands' first internationally launched property outside of the United States. The hotel's licensing expired in 2007 and rebranded as "Blue Hotel", managed by Taj Hotels & Resorts. Notable residents include actor Russell Crowe, who lives in a $14 million penthouse which as a result has become famous in Australia and abroad and one of the most expensive and sought after places in the country. Another prominent resident is controversial former Australian radio presenter John Laws.[6]

The Andrew "Boy" Charlton Pool, sits on the western side of Woolloomooloo Bay, amongst the Royal Botanic Gardens.

Popular culture[edit]

  • Steve Mullins recorded Woolloomooloo in 1910 for Jumbo Records in the UK.[7]
  • The Tommy Leonetti song "My City Of Sydney", later covered by the post-punk band XL Capris, mentions "That little church steeple in Woolloomooloo."
  • The Bruces sketch by Monty Python is set in the fictitious University of Woolloomooloo, mainly due to its typical Australian name.
  • In the show Flight of the Conchords, Jemaine claims that his short-time girlfriend Keitha (Unnatural Love) is from Woolloomooloo
  • The 1984 album Zoolook by Jean Michel Jarre has a track titled Wooloomooloo [sic].
  • In 1970, Australian educator, journalist and politician Irina Dunn created the phrase "A woman needs a man like a fish needs a bicycle," scribbling the phrase on two bathroom doors: one at Sydney University where she was then a student, and the other at Soren's Wine Bar in Woolloomooloo. The quip is often incorrectly attributed to American feminist Gloria Steinem.[8]
  • The 1982 album Circus Animals by Cold Chisel contains the song "Numbers Fall", which refers to Forbes Street and Springfield Avenue, Woolloomooloo. "Letter to Alan", on the same album, also refers to the Wayside Chapel in neighbouring Potts Point.
  • The 1989 album The Big Don't Argue by Weddings Parties Anything contains the song "Ticket in Tatts", which refers to Woollomooloo.
  • The popular children's book The Kangaroo from Wooloomooloo (written by Joy Cowley; illustrated by Rodney McRae, 1985), featured , among a wide variety of other Australian fauna, a kangaroo from Woolloomooloo.
  • Author/Musician and sometime resident Nathan Roche set his novels "Vagrer" and "Cleaning Off The Cobwebs On The Skeletons In The Closet" in the suburb and also wrote the song "Sailors Into Woolloomooloo" which appeared on his 2013 record, "Watch It Wharf"
  • In the Dutch city of Utrecht, a student's disco is called 'Woolloomooloo', or 'Woo' in brief.
  • Slow Motion Angreza song featuring Farhan Akhtar and Rebecca Breeds in movie Bhaag Milkha Bhaag have reference of woollomooloo in lyrics.

Notable residents[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Woolloomooloo". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 10 April 2013. 
  2. ^ Farwell, George (1971). Requiem for Woolloomooloo. Hodder and Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-15777-1. 
  3. ^ Fahey, Warren. "Australian Folklore Unit". Retrieved 31 December 2006. 
  4. ^ "The Finger Wharf History". Maju Sequence. Retrieved 11 February 2007. 
  5. ^ a b Susskind, Anne (15 January 1991). "Live and let lie policy for wharf". The Sydney Morning Herald. p. 2. ISSN 0312-6315. 
  6. ^ Sams, Christine (1 June 2003). "On the move with Russell and Danielle". Sun-Herald. Retrieved 22 October 2006. 
  7. ^ National Film and Sound Archive: Does your town have its own song?
  8. ^ Allen, John S. "The Definitive Word on the Origin". A Bit of Herstory. The Fish and Bicycle Page. "I scribbled the phrase on the backs of two toilet doors, would you believe, one at Sydney University where I was a student, and the other at Soren's Wine Bar at Woolloomooloo, a seedy suburb in south Sydney." 

Coordinates: 33°52′13″S 151°13′20″E / 33.8704°S 151.2223°E / -33.8704; 151.2223