Woolly Worm Festival
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The Woolly Worm Festival is an event held each October since 1978 in Banner Elk and Beech Mountain, North Carolina. The woolly worm, also called "woolly bear" is a caterpillar or larvae of the Isabella tiger moth. It belongs to the Arctiidae family which has 11,000 species around the world. It's accepted by organizers of the North Carolina woolly worm festival that the color of the worm's thirteen body segments or stripes can be read and interpreted as a forecaster of the severity of coming winter.
Prior to settling in for winter, the woolly worm eats a variety of plants and then produces a kind of antifreeze which protects the creature from temperatures as low as -90 degrees Fahrenheit. This caterpillar seeks safety from bitter winter weather by sheltering under logs, boulders, boards, rocks, and other dark places until emerging from its "frozen" state in May.
Although not everyone recognizes the woolly worm as an accredited weather forecaster, the worm is held in esteem by festival celebrants because of its proclaimed 80-85 percent accuracy rate in predictions.
Presiding over the yearly festival is a Master of Ceremonies. With the help of the festival's mascot Merriweather, he's responsible for ensuring festival rules are rigorously kept. About 1200 worms are entered to compete, in at least 50 heats. During each heat worms must race 42 inches up a vertical string attached to cardboard on the backboard of a flatbed trailer. People are allowed to 'holler' and whistle to encourage their worm to race. Each heat consists of 20 worms and races continue all day until the grand final at 4:00 p.m. The winning worm is announced as official forecaster, and its owner wins a monetary prize. The festival proceeds after expenses are distributed for support of community efforts and charities.
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- "Predicting Winter Weather: Woolly Bear Caterpillars". Old Farmers' Almanac, 1999.
- Woolly Worm Festival in Banner Elk NC "Woolly Worm Festival". National Geographic Traveller.
- "Woolly Worm Predicts Snowy Winter in Western N.C. " The Weather Channel, 20 October 2012.
- "A Woolly Bear Caterpillar". University of Nebraska.
- "Woolly Worm Festival Draws 20,000 to Banner Elk". goBlueridge.net, 20 October 2007.
- Hunter, David. "Do You Know Mr. Woolly Worm?". High Country Press, 14 October 2010.