Wooramel Seagrass Bank
Wooramel Seagrass Bank is a large deposit of carbonate sediment, a sand bank, formed by diverse communities of seagrasses off the coast of Carnarvon, Western Australia. The mattes of seagrass meadows and stands consolidate a shallow platform of sandy substrate by acting as an organic baffle against currents and tides. These colonies provide food and shelter to many of the species within the Shark Bay Marine Park.
The bank occurs in the eastern most bay of the Shark Bay World Heritage area. It is a structure 129 kilometres long and around 8 kilometres wide, comprising various communities on sand plains, tidal channels and other coastal habitats. The space taken up is 1030 km², making it the largest seagrass bank in the world. The only other comparable structure is found in the Mediterranean.
Shark Bay has the largest number of seagrass species recorded in one area. Twelve species have been identified in the area, with nine species being found in some locations. The stands or meadows usually comprise one to four species of seagrass.
The marine fauna associated with the bank - including fish, crustaceans and echinoderms - are diverse and numerous. These indirectly contribute to the forming of the bank; the baffle effect of the seagrass communities trap the carbonate deposits of their organisms remains. The endangered Dugong, represented by one of largest remaining populations (over 500 individuals), forages along the Wooramel bank.
The area was first documented in 1970, with several studies and applications for environmental protection since that time. The Register of the National Estate at the Australian Heritage Database describes this natural feature as "internationally significant" for its seagrass diversity, associated marine life, and as "worldwide benchmark for research" into these structures.
- Bird, S. A; University of Western Australia. Dept. of Geology. Thesis (1986), Origin and emplacement of fine sediment, Wooramel Seagrass Bank, Shark Bay, Western Australia, retrieved 30 December 2013
- Considine, Mary-Lou (2013), "Is Shark Bay shifting from temperate to tropical?", ECOS (CSIRO PUBLISHING) 2013 (182), retrieved 30 December 2013
- Davies, G.R. 1970 A Recent Seagrass Bank, Shark Bay, Western Australia. In Logan et al. 'Carbonate Sedimentation And Environments, Shark Bay, W.A.' American Association of Petroleum Geol 'Memoir 13: 85-168.
- "Wooramel Seagrass Bank, Carnarvon, WA, Australia (entry AHD10785)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities.
- http://www.bsb.murdoch.edu.au/groups/seagrass/wa_seagrasses.html Seagrasses of Western Australia
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