Wootton, Northamptonshire

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Wootton
Wootton Barracks Northampton.jpg
The former Northamptonshire Regiment's and Royal Pioneer Corps'
"Simpson Barracks" at the former
Workhouse building in Hardingstone[1]
now housing called Regency Place, Wootton, Northampton
Wootton is located in Northamptonshire
Wootton
Wootton
 Wootton shown within Northamptonshire
Population 2,015 [2]
(Nene Valley Ward)
OS grid reference SP762564
District Northampton
Shire county Northamptonshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Northampton
Postcode district NN4
Dialling code 01604
Police Northamptonshire
Fire Northamptonshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament South Northamptonshire
List of places
UK
England
Northamptonshire

Coordinates: 52°12′02″N 0°53′08″W / 52.20066°N 0.88569°W / 52.20066; -0.88569

Wootton is a former village about 3 miles (4.8 km) south of Northampton town centre that is now part of the Northampton Borough Council area.

Wootton is separated from Hardingstone by the Newport Pagnell Road the B526, formerly part of the A50 road. Part of Wootton is alongside the A45 dual carriageway from the M1 to Wellingborough which is seen and heard from that part of the area.

History[edit]

Domesday Book[edit]

In the Domesday Book, Wootton is described as "Wetone". It later became Weton, Wutton and then Witton. "Wootton" appeared in the 14th century. The names probably have the Saxon origin of "Wudutun" and mean settlement or farmstead in, or by, a wood, which may have been Salcey Forest.

Church[edit]

The Church Of St. George The Martyr, Wootton

The thirteenth century Parish Church of St. George, The Martyr, stands in the High Street in a conservation area and is a Group 1 listed building. It was restored in 1865.[3] It was again restored and re-dedicated in 1991 after a £93,000 restoration programme had been successfully completed.

The Rectory, west of the church is dated 1630.[3] A memorial in the south wall is to the wife of John Harris – the Lord of the Manor in the eighteenth century.

17th and 18th centuries[edit]

Little of Wootton dates from earlier than Stuart times. Most of the stone houses are late 17th or early 18th century. Many of these houses were originally thatched, as can be seen from the steep pitch of the roof.

Many brick cottages are at least as old with those in Church Hill, at least 1770's, as they are mentioned in the Enclosure Act of 1779. Wootton had its own brick works along Berry Lane. A nearby field was known as Clay Pit field as late as 1932, but even in 1899, it was known as the "Old" Brick Works and used for many years as an ash tip. The Department of the Environment listed Carey's Cottage in Berry Lane as 16th century.

Royal Pioneer Corps[edit]

The Northamptonshire Regiment and later Royal Pioneer Corps were stationed at the former Quebec Barracks, later renamed Simpson Barracks[4] on a large site adjacent to the Newport Pagnell Road which include the old Hardingstone workhouse building[1] which dates from 1839.[3]

Stone on the Old Army Barracks and former Workhouse building, now Regency Place, Wootton, Northampton

The Barracks closed on 1 April 1993 and the site is now used for a housing estate, including the old workhouse, many road names reflecting its military origin. During the war the corps had an ammunition dump hidden in woods at Yardley Chase, where signs still remain.

1980s urban expansion[edit]

The village backs on to a several modern housing estates including Wootton Fields and the area previously occupied by an army barracks. The development and loss of village character occurred during the 1980s and 1990s as the town expanded south towards the M1 motorway near junction 15 and is next to the large housing estates of Wootton Fields, Grange Park, Simpson Manor and East Hunsbury.

2008 expansion proposals[edit]

Further urban expansion of Northampton was being planned in October 2008 with another 13,500 houses and additional infrastructure in the rural areas around Grange Park, Quinton and Preston Deanery.[5]

2011 murder of the Ding family[edit]

See: 2011 murder of the Ding family

Governance[edit]

As a former village distinct from the town, it has its own Parish Council, unlike more recent 20th and 21st century suburbs of the town. The parish includes East Hunsbury, a rural part of the parish before development in the 1980s.[6] The village is in the Nene Valley two-member ward of Northampton Borough Council and in the Nene Valley single-member division of Northamptonshire County Council.

Demographics[edit]

The 2001 census[2] showed there were 2,015 people living in the parish, 978 male, 1,037 female in 885 dwellings.

Facilities[edit]

There is a community centre, a recreation ground with multi-use games area, a Working men's club; opticians and a medical centre.

Wootton has two pub/restaurants – "The Yeoman of Old England" in the centre of what was the old village. The second, "The Queen Eleanor" together with a Premier Inn hotel are both on Newport Pagnell road near the Queen Eleanor junction of Mereway and the A45. There is a shop, butcher, chemist and a large Wyevale Garden Centre in Newport Pagnell Road. Waitrose also said they would like to build a supermarket on the road but this was opposed in a report commissioned by the West Northampton Development Corporation.[7] However, in 2013, plans were approved for a new Waitrose store[8] and it is expected to open by Christmas, 2013.[9]

The village primary school is Wootton County founded in 1873. A modern all-through Caroline Chisholm School for young people aged 4–19 is located on Wooldale Road. The private Northampton High School for girls is located along Newport Pagnell Road.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Wootton, Northamptonshire at Wikimedia Commons