Worcester City Hall and Common

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Worcester City Hall and Common
City Hall - Worcester, Massachusetts USA.JPG
City Hall viewed from Worcester Common
Worcester City Hall and Common is located in Massachusetts
Worcester City Hall and Common
Location 455 Main St., Worcester, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°15′44″N 71°48′6″W / 42.26222°N 71.80167°W / 42.26222; -71.80167Coordinates: 42°15′44″N 71°48′6″W / 42.26222°N 71.80167°W / 42.26222; -71.80167
Built 1669 (1898)
Architect Peabody & Stearns
Architectural style Late 19th And 20th Century Revivals
Governing body Local
MPS Worcester MRA
NRHP Reference #

78001405

[1]
Added to NRHP March 29, 1978

The Worcester City Hall and Common, the civic heart of the city, are a historic city hall and town common at 455 Main Street in Worcester, Massachusetts.

The Common, established in 1669, originally encompassed about 20 acres (8.1 ha), compared to its present size of 4.4 acres (1.8 ha).[2] A meeting house used for both town meetings and religious functions was constructed on the Common in 1719, on the same site as the current City Hall. In 1763, the first meeting house was demolished and what became known as The Old South Meeting House was constructed on the site. It was here, on July 14, 1776, that Isaiah Thomas publicly read the Declaration of Independence for the first time in New England.

Near the center of the Common is the meeting house's burial ground, marked by gravestones and the Bigelow Monument. The Soldiers' Monument, located near the northeast corner of the Common, honors the 398 Worcester soldiers killed in the American Civil War. The Burnside Fountain, located near the southeast corner of the Common, provided water for horses, and features the sculpture Boy with a Turtle, commonly known as "Turtle Boy."

Worcester City Hall was designed by Peabody & Stearns and built by the Norcross Brothers in 1898. The Italianate structure was built with a granite exterior, and was partly modeled after Italian Renaissance palazzos. Its tower shares some similarity to that of the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence, Italy, and the interior of the building extensively uses marble, commonly seen in Italian Renaissance buildings, and features an interior courtyard where the upper floors have balconies supported by decorated round arches.[3] City Hall is currently the 4th tallest building in Worcester.

The city hall and common were added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  2. ^ City of Worcester, Parks Dept.
  3. ^ Worcester's City Hall Worcester and its People, College of the Holy Cross
Preceded by
Old State Mutual Building
Tallest Building in Worcester
1898—1971
69m
Succeeded by
100 Front Street