Wordsworth Donisthorpe (Leeds, 24 March 1847 – Shottermill, 30 January 1914) was an English individualist anarchist and inventor, pioneer of cinematography and chess enthusiast. His father was George E. Donisthorpe, an inventor as well, his brother, Horace Donisthorpe, was a myrmecologist.
Donisthorpe filed for a patent in 1876, for a film camera, which he named a "kinesigraph." The object of the invention was to:
|“||facilitate the taking of a succession of photographic pictures at equal intervals of time, in order to record the changes taking place in or the movement of the object being photographed, and also by means of a succession of pictures so taken of any moving object to give to the eye a presentation of the object in continuous movement as it appeared when being photographed.||”|
Although unsuccessfully at first, in 1890 he produced, together with his cousin W. C. Crofts, a moving picture of London's Trafalgar Square. In 1889 they already patented this camera, and the projector necessary to show the motion frames.
- Principles of Plutology. London: Williams & Norgate. 1876.
- Empire and Liberty, a Lecture on the Principles of Local Government. London: Liberty and Property Defence League. 1886.
- Individualism, a System of Politics. London: Macmillan. 1889.
- Love and Law: An Essay on Marriage. London: W. Reeves. 1893.
- Law in a Free State. London: Macmillan. 1895.
- Down the stream of civilization. London: George Newnes. 1898.
- Gaige, Jeremy (1987). Chess Personalia, A Biobibliography. McFarland. p. 96. ISBN 0-7864-2353-6
- Edward Bristow quotes Donisthorpe in the Westminster Gazette: "The Late Lord Bramwell, Tolstoi, Herbert Spencer, Benjamin Tucker, Vaillart, Auberon Herbert, J.H Levy, Kropotkin, the late Charles Bradlaugh, Yves Guyot, Caserio, and thousands of smaller fry, including myself, are anarchists". Bristow, Edward (1970). The defence of liberty and property in Britain, 1880-1914. Yale University.
- Herbert, Stephen; Brian Coe (2000). "Who's Who of Victorian Cinema". Retrieved 2009-05-10
- Burns, R. W. (1998). Television: An International History of the Formative Years. London: Institution of Engineering and Technology. ISBN 0-85296-914-7.
- Burns, Paul T. "The History of The Discovery of Cinematography - 1885 - 1889". Retrieved 2009-05-10 and "Ten Remaining Frames Of Donisthorpe's 1890 'Trafalgar Square' Footage Come To Life" (GIF). Retrieved 2009-05-10
- Herbert, S. (1998). Industry, Liberty, and a Vision: Wordsworth Donisthorpe's Kinesigraph. London: The Projection Box. ISBN 0-9523941-3-8.
- Individualism: A System of Politics (1889).
- "The Woes of an Anarchist", Liberty (25 January 1890). Reprinted in Benjamin Tucker, Instead of a Book (1897).
- "L'État Est Mort; Vive L'État!", Liberty (23 May 1890). Reprinted in Benjamin Tucker, Instead of a Book (1897).
- Law in a Free State (1895).