Working Class Hero

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"Working Class Hero"
Single by John Lennon
from the album John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band
A-side "Imagine"
Released 11 October 1971 (US)
24 October 1975 (UK)
Format 7" vinyl, 12" vinyl
Recorded 26 September – 9 October 1970
Genre Folk blues[1]
Length 3:48
Label Apple
Writer(s) John Lennon
Producer(s) John Lennon, Yoko Ono, Phil Spector
John Lennon singles chronology
"Power to the People"
(1971)
"Imagine"/"It's So Hard"
(US, 1971)
"Happy Xmas (War Is Over)"/"Listen, the Snow is Falling"
(1971)

"Stand by Me"
(1975)

"Imagine"/"Working Class Hero"
(UK, 1975)

"(Just Like) Starting Over"
(1980)
John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band track listing

"Working Class Hero" is a song from John Lennon's first post-Beatles solo album, 1970's John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band.

Theme[edit]

The song is a commentary/criticism on the difference between social classes. It tells the story of someone growing up in the working class. According to Lennon in an interview with Jann S. Wenner of Rolling Stone in December 1970, it is about working class individuals being processed into the middle classes, into the machine.[2]

The refrain of the song is "A working class hero is something to be".

Sound[edit]

The song features only Lennon, singing and playing an acoustic guitar as his backing. The chord progression is very simple, and builds on A-minor and G-major, with a short detour to D-major in one of the lines in the chorus. Lennon's strumming technique includes a riff with a hammer-on pick of the E note on the D string and then an open A string.[3] The tone and style of the song is similar to that of "Masters of War" by Bob Dylan, a known influence of Lennon's. Both are based on Jean Ritchie's arrangement of the traditional English folk song, "Nottamun Town."

Personnel[edit]

Controversy[edit]

In 1973,[4] US Representative Harley Orrin Staggers heard the song — which includes the lines "'Til you're so fucking crazy you can't follow their rules" and "But you're still fucking peasants as far as I can see" — on WGTB and lodged a complaint with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). The manager of the station, Ken Sleeman, faced a year in prison and a $10,000 fine, but defended his decision to play the song saying, "The People of Washington, DC are sophisticated enough to accept the occasional four-letter word in context, and not become sexually aroused, offended, or upset." The charges were dropped.[5] Other US radio stations, like Boston's WBCN, banned the song for its use of the word "fucking".[6] In Australia, the album was released with the expletive removed from the song and the lyrics censored on the inner sleeve.[7]

Notable covers[edit]

"Working Class Hero"
Single by Green Day
from the album Instant Karma: The Amnesty International Campaign to Save Darfur
Released 1 May 2007
Format Digital download
Genre Alternative rock
Length 4:25 (album version)
4:01 (radio edit)
Label Warner Bros., Amnesty International
Writer(s) John Lennon
Producer(s) Green Day
Green Day singles chronology
"The Saints Are Coming"
(with U2)
(2006)
"Working Class Hero"
(2007)
"The Simpsons Theme"
(2007)
Instant Karma: The Amnesty International Campaign to Save Darfur track listing
"Jealous Guy"
(Youssou N'Dour)
(12 of Disc 1)
"Working Class Hero"
(Green Day)
(1 of disc 2)
"Power to the People"
(Black Eyed Peas)
(2 of disc 2)
Music video
"Working Class Hero" on YouTube

References[edit]

  1. ^ Working Class Hero at Allmusic
  2. ^ "John Lennon interview, by Jan S. Wenner, Rolling Stone, audio available". www.rollingstone.com. December 1970. Retrieved 8 May 2009. 
  3. ^ Lennon, John (1983). Lennon: The Solo Years. Hal Leonard Publishing Corporation. p. 156. ISBN 0-88188-249-6. 
  4. ^ Raz, Guy (29 January 1999). "Radio Free Georgetown". Washington City Paper. Retrieved 31 March 2009. 
  5. ^ Blecha, Peter (2004). Taboo Tunes: A History of Banned Bands & Censored Songs. Backbeat Books. pp. 160–161. ISBN 0-87930-792-7. 
  6. ^ Schechter, Danny (1997). The More You Watch, the Less You Know: News Wars/Submerged Hopes/Media Adventures. Seven Stories Press. p. 106. ISBN 1-888363-80-0. 
  7. ^ Blaney, John (2005). John Lennon: Listen To This Book. Paper Jukebox. p. 59. ISBN 0-9544528-1-X. 

External links[edit]