Legal working age

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The legal working age is the minimum age required by law for a person to work, in each country or jurisdiction.

Some types of labor are commonly prohibited even for those above the working age, if they have not reached yet the age of majority. Activities that are dangerous, harmful to the health or that may affect the morals of minors fall into this category.

North America[edit]

Country Legal Working Age
 Canada
 United States
 El Salvador 18 [14] Children below the age 14 are not allowed to enter the workforce. Minors between the ages of 14 and 18 may work with permission from the Ministry of Labor if their employment is indispensable to either themselves or their family.

Europe[edit]

Country Legal Working Age
 Germany 13 (with parental permission; and only easy work for example: paper round)
15 (Part-time work with less than 8 hours per day and maximum 40 hours per week; No work on weekends, statutory holidays and at night time or in an imperiling environment). Further restrictions for work break and minimum vacation days.
18 Unrestricted[15]
 Italy 16 (The age at which Italians leave school and are permitted to work under normal legislation)
 France 14 (only for light work, regulated by Code du travail; No working at night; Strict time limitation; Parental permission is needed)
16 (No working at night; Strict time limitation; Parental permission is needed)
18 (Unrestricted)[16]
 Poland 16
 Portugal 16/18 (Civil service) [17]
 Serbia 18
 United Kingdom 13 (Part-time work; restricted to light agricultural / horticultural, or as allowed by-laws.)
16 (For full-time work and national working age to be able to claim legal minimum wage)
18 (To work at a licensed premises that primarily sells alcoholic bavereages such as pubs, bars and night clubs)[18]
 Belgium 15 (Must have completed 2 years of secondary education; restricted to light work)
16 (only light work)
18 Unrestricted
 Ireland 14 (For part-time work)
18 (For full-time work)
18 (To work at a licensed premises that primarily sells alcoholic bavereages such as pubs, bars and night clubs)
 Spain 16 (Must have parental permission)
18 Unrestricted
  Switzerland
Age 13: (Must have parental permission; only easy work) During school weeks: Maximum 3 hours per day; and 9 hours per week. During non-school weeks: Maximum 8 hours per day; and 40 hours per week. only from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Age 15: (Must have parental permission) Maximum 9 hours per day; and 45-50 hours per week. Working maximum until 8 p.m.
Age 16: Minimum age to serve someone in restaurants, café or hotels. Minimum age to work in a circus or cinema. Working maximum until 10 p.m.
Age 18: Unrestricted (and the minimum age to work in: Bars, Discos, Dancinghalls and Nightclubs)


See also[edit]

References[edit]