Working holiday visa

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A working holiday visa is a residence permit which allows travellers to undertake employment (and sometimes study) in the country issuing the visa for the purpose of supplementing their travel funds. For many young people, holding a working holiday visa enables them to experience living in a foreign country, without undergoing the usual costly expenses of finding work sponsorship in advance or going on expensive university exchange programmes.

Most working holiday visas are offered under reciprocal agreements between certain countries, to encourage travel and cultural exchange between their citizens.

There are often several restrictions on this type of visa:

  • Many are intended for young travellers, and as such have an age restriction (usually from 18 to 30 or 35).
  • There are usually limits on the type of employment taken, or the length of time the traveller can be employed.
  • The visa holder is expected to have sufficient funds to live on while they seek employment.
  • The visa holder should have some kind of health or travel insurance for the duration of their stay unless the country they apply for will cover them.

Countries and territories offering working holiday visas[edit]

Argentina[edit]

  • Argentina's Working Holiday Program [9] provides opportunities for people aged between 18 and 30 years (inclusive) to holiday in Argentina and to supplement their travel funds through incidental employment.
  • The visa allows a stay of up to 12 months and is available to citizens of Australia, Denmark, France, Ireland and New Zealand.[10]

Australia[edit]

  • Australia's Working Holiday program provides opportunities for people aged between 18 and 30 years to holiday in Australia and to supplement their travel funds through short-term employment.
  • The visa allows a stay of up to 12 months from the date of first entry to Australia, regardless of whether the holder spends the whole time in Australia. There is an optional 12 month extension available for individuals that have completed three months specified work in designated rural areas of Australia.
  • Any kind of work of a temporary or casual nature is allowed, but work for more than six months with any one employer is not permitted.
  • Working holiday visa holders are entitled to study or embark on a training course for a maximum of four months.
  • Individuals may be subject to medical checks prior to coming to Australia particularly if seeking employment in healthcare or teaching. Applicants will be informed by the online application system if they require medical checks.
  • The Australian working holiday visa is only available to eligible candidates once in a lifetime, although by undertaking work in a specified industry in regional Australia, it is possible to gain eligibility to an additional 12 month working holiday visa.
  • Australia has reciprocal Working Holiday maker arrangements in effect with the United Kingdom, Canada, the Netherlands, Japan, Taiwan, Republic of Ireland, Malta, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Hong Kong, Finland, the Republic of Cyprus, France, Italy, Belgium and Estonia. Passport holders from these nations may apply for a Working Holiday Visa subclass 417.
  • Passport holders from Argentina, Bangladesh, Chile, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey and the USA can apply for a work and holiday visa subclass 462,[1] provided they have a tertiary education (except for individuals from the United States). Bangladesh has signed a work holiday visa agreement with Australia, which will be included with subclass 462, this program was implemented in October 2007. For more information, click here. Argentina also signed a work holiday visa agreement included with the subclass 462, this program is going to be implemented during the 1st semester of 2012.
  • New Zealand passport holders can work in Australia with few restrictions under the Trans-Tasman travel arrangement.

Austria[edit]

  • Citizens of New Zealand aged 18–30 can apply for a 6 month Austrian working holiday visa (which also permits study).[2]
  • Austria currently has a Youth Workers Exchange Program called Swap available to Canadian graduates aged between 18 and 30.[3]

Belgium[edit]

Brazil[edit]

  • Citizens of New Zealand aged 18–30 can apply for a 1 year Brazilian working holiday visa.[7]

Canada[edit]

  • The Canadian working holiday visas are now known as IEC (International Experience Canada) work permits.[8]
  • Citizens of Australia [11], Austria, Belgium, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic [12], Denmark, Estonia,[9] France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong SAR, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lituania, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand,[10] Norway, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Ukraine and the United Kingdom are eligible for a Canadian working holiday visa, so long as they fulfil certain criteria which are specific to each country.[11][12]
  • Citizens of the US who are full-time students (or have been within the past 9 months) are eligible for 12-month working holiday permits if obtained through the intermediary organization SWAP.[13]
  • Citizens of Poland between the ages of 18 and 35 are eligible from 2009.[14] Canada has also signed an agreement with Spain.[15]
  • Citizens of Ukraine between the ages of 18 and 25 are eligible from 2010. There are no restriction for applicants status (non-students).[16]
  • Age limits are from 18-30 for most countries; 18-35 for citizens of Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Ireland, Norway and Switzerland. Some countries' programs specify that the applicant must be a full-time student; others do not, and some have separate programmes for students and non-students.
  • The type of work allowed and the maximum duration of stay depends on the applicant's country of residence.[17]
  • As the IEC program works on a "first come first serve" basis. This is due to the fact that in many countries there are a high number of applicants competing for a spot in a very limited time period.

Chile[edit]

Citizens of Australia, Canada, Denmark, Germany and New Zealand aged 18–30 can apply for a Chilean working holiday visa if they can provide evidence of holding a medical and comprehensive hospitalisation insurance to remain in force throughout his/her stay in Chile.[18]

Costa Rica[edit]

Citizens of Canada aged 18–35 are eligible for a working holiday visa in Costa Rica, valid for up to 12 months.[19]

Czech Republic[edit]

  • Citizens of Canada,[20] New Zealand[21] aged 18–35 can apply for a 1 year Czech working holiday visa.
  • As the Czech Republic is a Schengen Agreement signatory, the 1 year Czech working holiday visa serves as a Type D national visa, which permits the holder to stay and work in the Czech Republic during the visa's period of validity, as well as travelling in the rest of the Schengen Area for up to 90 days in a 180 day period (i.e. a maximum of 180 days in the 25 other Schengen countries during the visa's 1 year validity).
  • The Czech Republic has made the proposition to Australia, but as of December 2011, it has not yet been accepted.

Denmark[edit]

  • Citizens of Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, Japan, New Zealand can apply for a Danish working holiday visa.[22] Applicants must be between the ages of 18 and 30.[23] (As of 2012, Australian's must only apply in the Sydney Consulate[citation needed])
  • As Denmark is a Schengen Agreement signatory, the 1 year Danish working holiday visa serves as a Type D national visa, which permits the holder to stay and work in Denmark during the visa's period of validity, as well as travelling in the rest of the Schengen Area for up to 90 days in a 180 day period (i.e. a maximum of 180 days in the 25 other Schengen countries during the visa's 1 year validity).

Estonia[edit]

Under the Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Republic of Estonia and the Governments of Australia and New Zealand visas are being issued, granting the right to work to 18-30 year old Australian and New Zealand citizens, who may stay in Estonia for up to a year. The work done within that period has to contribute to the main purpose of stay in the country, namely to recreation in Estonia; and those using the opportunity must not work for the same employer longer than three months. The citizens of Australia and New Zealand willing to benefit from the application of those Agreements have to apply for D type visa (long stay) at the Estonian Embassy.

The Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of Estonia and the Government of Australia Relating to Working Holiday Visas was concluded on 20.05.2005.

  • Australian aged between 19 and 30 inclusive[24]
  • New Zealander aged between 19 and 30 inclusive

When in Europe, you can apply for Estonian Working holiday Visa only in Estonian Embassy in Riga, Helsinki, Stockholm, Paris or Budapest.

Finland[edit]

  • Citizens of Australia and New Zealand aged 18–30 can apply for a 1 year Finnish working holiday visa.[25]
  • As Finland is a Schengen Agreement signatory, the 1 year Finnish working holiday visa serves as a Type D national visa, which permits the holder to stay and work in Finland during the visa's period of validity, as well as travelling in the rest of the Schengen Area for up to 90 days in a 180 day period (i.e. a maximum of 180 days in the 25 other Schengen countries during the visa's 1 year validity).

France[edit]

  • Citizens of Argentina, Australia, Canada,[26] Hong Kong, Japan, New Zealand aged 18–30 can apply for a 1 year French working holiday visa (Permis Vacances Travail, usually called PVT).[27] Brazil and France have recently signed a youth exchange agreement.[28]

France and Taiwan are about to sign a Working Holiday Program as well.[29]<There is no result yet>

  • As France is a Schengen Agreement signatory, the 1-year French working holiday residence permit allows the holder to stay and work in France during the visa's period of validity, as well as travelling in the rest of the Schengen Area for up to 90 days in a 180 day period (i.e. a maximum of 180 days in the 25 other Schengen countries during the visa's 1 year validity).
  • Note that citizens of Albania, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mauritius, Monaco, Montenegro, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Seychelles, Taiwan, Uruguay and the Vatican City, as well as British Nationals (Overseas), of any age who wish to work in France for up to 90 days can do so without a visa or work permit. Other foreign nationals who are ordinarily visa exempt may be able to work in France without a visa if a valid work permit is held prior to entry.

Germany[edit]

Citizens of Australia, New Zealand, Chile, Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan aged between 18 and 30 may apply for a Working Holiday Visa. Citizens of Canada between 18 and 35 years of age may apply as well.[30] There is no limit on the duration of employment, during the stay of up to 12 months. Evidence of sufficient funds for the first three months are required (i.e. 250 euro per month). Among other nationalities (including United States and Israeli citizens), Canadians, Japanese, Australians, and New Zealanders can apply for a residence permit to remain in Germany if they find long-term work that they are uniquely qualified to do. This is subject to approval by the government employment office - Bundesagentur für Arbeit. (See §16 AufenthV[31])

Hungary[edit]

Citizens of Taiwan between ages 18 and 35 may apply for a Working Holiday Visa.??? (Effective from Jan 1, 2014).[32][33][34]

Hong Kong, SAR[edit]

Hong Kong SAR government has working holiday agreements with Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Ireland, Germany, Japan, France, and United Kingdom

  • Applicants may be granted a stay of up to 12 months.

To obtain a Hong Kong Working Holiday Visa you must :[35]

  • Be an Australian, Canadian, New Zealand, Irish, German, Japanese, French citizen who is holder of valid passport and ordinarily resident in their home country.
  • Intend primarily to holiday in Hong Kong
  • Be aged between 18 and 30 at the time of application
  • Have sufficient funds and return or onward ticket when you arrive in Hong Kong
  • Agree to hold medical and comprehensive hospitalisation and liability insurance

Separately, Hong Kong residents 18 to 30 ages who are British National (Overseas) can apply for UK Youth Mobility Scheme without sponsors.[36]

Ireland[edit]

  • Citizens of Argentina, Australia, Canada, Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan and New Zealand,[37] aged 18–30 (inclusive) may be eligible for an year Irish Working Holiday Visa.
  • Beginning in 2008, US citizens became eligible to apply for Working Holiday Authorization in Ireland.[38] US citizens applying for this visa must have the following documentation:
    • Must be currently enrolled in post-secondary education or graduated within the past 12 months
    • Valid United States passport that will be valid for the entirety of the stay in Ireland.
    • 2 recent identical passport photographs with your name on the reverse
    • Current curriculum vitae (with references)
    • Original bank statement showing that you have access to €1,500 (or equivalent) plus a return ticket; or €3,000 (or equivalent)
    • Originals of any qualifications obtained or letter from school/college/university (where applicable)
    • The relevant fee of €250 or dollar equivalent as advised by the relevant Mission
    • Return airline tickets
    • Certificate of medical/travel insurance valid for the duration of the trip (based on dates on tickets)
  • Applicants must have sufficient funds to support themselves for at least the initial part of the holiday or in the event of failing to secure employment. Immigration officials may request evidence of sufficient funds at the point of entry to Ireland.
  • No one person may make use of the scheme on more than one occasion.

Israel[edit]

  • Citizens of New Zealand aged 18–30 can apply for a 1 year Israeli working holiday visa.[39]

Italy[edit]

  • Citizens of Australia[40] and New Zealand[41] aged 18–30 and citizens of Canada[42] aged 18–35 can apply for a 1 year Italian working holiday visa.
  • As Italy is a Schengen Agreement signatory, the 1 year Italian working holiday visa serves as a Type D national visa, which permits the holder to stay and work in Italy during the visa's period of validity, as well as travelling in the rest of the Schengen Area for up to 90 days in a 180 day period (i.e. a maximum of 180 days in the 25 other Schengen countries during the visa's 1 year validity).

Japan[edit]

  • Citizens from Norway,[43] Australia, Canada, France, Germany, New Zealand, Taiwan, Hong Kong (SAR) and the United Kingdom who are between the ages of 18 and 30, and citizens from Ireland who are between the ages of 18 and 25 may apply for a Working Holiday Visa. Irish citizens over 25 years of age are in some cases allowed to apply for the visa.[44]
  • A one-year visa may be granted to citizens of Norway,[43] France, Germany, Ireland, and the UK—with no extension possible. A six-month visa may be granted to citizens of Australia which can be extended twice and once for citizens of New Zealand and Canada.

Latvia[edit]

  • Citizens of Canada[45] aged 18–35 and citizens of New Zealand[46] aged 18–30 can apply for a 1 year Latvian working holiday visa.
  • As Latvia is a Schengen Agreement signatory, the 1 year Latvian working holiday visa serves as a Type D national visa, which permits the holder to stay and work in Latvia during the visa's period of validity, as well as travelling in the rest of the Schengen Area for up to 90 days in a 180 day period (i.e. a maximum of 180 days in the 25 other Schengen countries during the visa's 1 year validity).

Lithuania[edit]

  • Citizens of Canada[47] between the ages of 18 and 35 inclusively on the date the application can get a 1 year Working-Holiday Visa.

Malta[edit]

  • Citizens of Australia and New Zealand aged 18–30 can apply for a 1 year Maltese working holiday visa.[48]
  • As Malta is a Schengen Agreement signatory, the 1 year Maltese working holiday visa serves as a Type D national visa, which permits the holder to stay and work in Malta during the visa's period of validity, as well as travelling in the rest of the Schengen Area for up to 90 days in a 180 day period (i.e. a maximum of 180 days in the 25 other Schengen countries during the visa's 1 year validity).

Mexico[edit]

Citizens of Canada are eligible for a working holiday visa in Mexico, valid for 1 year to Canadians aged 18–29.[49] Citizens of New Zealand are eligible for a working holiday visa in Mexico, valid for 1 year to New Zealanders aged 10–30.[50]

The Netherlands[edit]

  • Citizens of Australia, Canada and New Zealand between the ages of 18-30 are eligible.[51]

New Zealand[edit]

  • Available to citizens of Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Peru, Poland, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States of America, and Uruguay.
  • Australia has reciprocal arrangements with New Zealand. Australian citizens will be granted permanent resident status once they arrive in New Zealand; which allow them to live and work in New Zealand indefinitely, regardless of their age or education.
  • Conditions vary between countries.
  • Most travellers can enroll in one training or study course of up to three months duration during their visit.

Norway[edit]

  • Citizens of Australia and New Zealand who are between the ages of 18 and 30 (inclusive) are eligible for a one-time, Norwegian working holiday visa.
  • Citizens of Canada who are between the ages of 18 and 35 are eligible for a Norwegian working holiday visa.[13].

For citizens of Canada: The processing time for Norway visa can be long or the limit reached because of high demand.

  • Citizens of Japan who are between the ages of 18 and 30 are eligible for a one-time, Norwegian working holiday visa [14].

Poland[edit]

  • Citizens of Canada between the ages of 18-35 are eligible.[14]
  • Citizens of New Zealand aged 18–30 can apply for a 1 year Polish working holiday visa. [15]
  • As Poland is a Schengen Agreement signatory, the 1 year Polish working holiday visa serves as a Type D national visa, which permits the holder to stay and work in Poland during the visa's period of validity, as well as travelling in the rest of the Schengen Area for up to 90 days in a 180 day period (i.e. a maximum of 180 days in the 25 other Schengen countries during the visa's 1 year validity).

Singapore[edit]

Singapore offers a working holiday visa (6 months validity) for soon-to-be or existing undergraduates and graduates, aged between 18 and 25 of all nationalities studying in selected universities in the eight countries/territories: Australia, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Japan, (New Zealand), United Kingdom and United States.

The universities must be ranked among the top 200 for overall academic performanace in any of the following international rankings at least once within the past five years: Quacquarelli Symonds World University Rankings, Shanghai Jiao Tong University’s Academic Ranking of World Universities and Times Higher Education World University Rankings.

For more information, go to: http://www.mom.gov.sg/foreign-manpower/passes-visas/work-holiday-programme/before-you-apply/Pages/default.aspx

Slovakia[edit]

  • Citizens of New Zealand aged 18–30 can apply for a 1 year Slovak working holiday visa.[52] Citizens of Canada aged 18–35 can apply for a 1 year Slovak working holiday visa.[53]
  • As Slovakia is a Schengen Agreement signatory, the 1 year Slovak working holiday visa serves as a Type D national visa, which permits the holder to stay and work in Slovakia during the visa's period of validity, as well as travelling in the rest of the Schengen Area for up to 90 days in a 180 day period (i.e. a maximum of 180 days in the 25 other Schengen countries during the visa's 1 year validity).

Slovenia[edit]

  • Citizens of New Zealand aged 18–30 can apply for a 1 year Slovene working holiday visa.[54]
  • As Slovenia is a Schengen Agreement signatory, the 1 year Slovene working holiday visa serves as a Type D national visa, which permits the holder to stay and work in Slovenia during the visa's period of validity, as well as travelling in the rest of the Schengen Area for up to 90 days in a 180 day period (i.e. a maximum of 180 days in the 25 other Schengen countries during the visa's 1 year validity).

South Africa[edit]

South Africa, from where 17,000 young people previously visited the UK under the Working Holiday scheme, is also not part of the British Tier 5 Youth Mobility Scheme.[55] However, university level students and recent graduates of any nationality are eligible to apply for a 6-month Internship in Britain through BUNAC (officially known as the BUNAC Blue Card Internship Programme)

Spain[edit]

  • Spain has signed an agreement with Canada.[56] As of December 2010, the Spanish authorities have failed to apply this agreement within Spain and most Canadian citizens in Spain under this agreement have not been able to confirm their legal status nor been able to work. Canadian citizens wishing to apply for this visa should be aware of this current situation and should not plan their year upon receiving the visa because they might have to return to Canada after 90 days.
  • Citizens of New Zealand aged 18–30 can apply for a 1 year Spanish working holiday visa.[57]
  • As Spain is a Schengen Agreement signatory, the 1 year Spanish working holiday visa serves as a Type D national visa, which permits the holder to stay and work in Spain during the visa's period of validity, as well as travelling in the rest of the Schengen Area for up to 90 days in a 180 day period (i.e. a maximum of 180 days in the 25 other Schengen countries during the visa's 1 year validity).

Sweden[edit]

  • Sweden offers a working holiday visa to Australian and New Zealand passport holders.
  • Canadian citizens between the ages of 18 and 30 are eligible for a working holiday visa.[58]
  • As Sweden is a Schengen Agreement signatory, the 1 year Swedish working holiday visa serves as a Type D national visa, which permits the holder to stay and work in Sweden during the visa's period of validity, as well as travelling in the rest of the Schengen Area for up to 90 days in a 180 day period (i.e. a maximum of 180 days in the 25 other Schengen countries during the visa's 1 year validity).

Taiwan[edit]

  • Citizens of the following countries are eligible for a working holiday visa: New Zealand (Effective from June 1, 2004); Australia (Effective from November 1, 2004); Japan (Effective from June 1, 2009); Canada (Effective from July 1, 2010); Germany (Effective from Oct, 2010); United Kingdom (Effective from Jan 1, 2012); Ireland (Effective from Jan 1, 2013); Belgium (Effective from March 1, 2013);[59] Hungary (Effective from Jan 1, 2014 ???)[32]<http://www.kormany.hu/en/search#category=all&search=working+holiday><http://www.boca.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=1316&ctNode=783&mp=2>
  • In accordance with the Working Holiday Scheme Arrangements signed between Taiwan and other countries, citizens of contracting countries who have meet the following qualifications may apply for working holiday visas:
  1. Purpose: Applicants must prove to the Taiwanese Embassy, Consulate and overseas missions issuing the visas that their primary intention is to holiday in the ROC, with employment being an incidental rather than a primary reason for the visit and will leave the ROC before the visa expires.
  2. Age: The age of applicants shall between 18 and 30 years (or 18 and 35 years, depending on the country), both inclusive, at the time of application.
  3. Family members of working holiday visa holders, including spouse and children, shall not apply for visas as dependents to come along.
  4. Valid passport: When submitting an application, the applicants’ passport should be valid for more than 12 months upon planned arrival in the ROC.
  5. Valid flight ticket.
  6. Living expenses: Applicants shall be required to have at least NT$ 100,000 or an equivalent amount of foreign currency as their living expenses during their stay in the ROC.
  7. Medical insurance: Applicants shall have full medical and hospitalization insurance during their stay in the ROC.

Thailand[edit]

  • Citizens of Australia[60] and New Zealand[61] are eligible for a 1-year Thai Working Holiday Visa.
  • Applicants must be aged between 18 and 30, and have tertiary qualifications (full-time courses with at least 3 years of study).
  • Applicants must have an Australian passport valid for at least 6 months or a New Zealand passport valid for at least 12 months, a return ticket or sufficient funds to purchase one, and funds of at least A$5,000 or NZ$7,000, and must be in good health and hold comprehensive medical insurance.
  • Applications must be made at the Thai Embassy in Canberra or the Thai Consulate in Sydney for Australian nationals, or at the Thai Embassy in Wellington for New Zealand nationals.

Turkey[edit]

  • Turkey's Working Holiday Program provides opportunities for people aged between 18 and 30 years (inclusive) to holiday in Turkey and to supplement their travel funds through incidental employment.
  • The visa allows a stay of up to 12 months and is available to Australian citizens.

United Kingdom[edit]

On 27 November 2008, a number of youth mobility schemes were combined into Tier 5 (Youth Mobility), as part of the Points-Based Immigration System. The previous Working Holidaymaker Scheme for Commonwealth nationals was merged with other schemes: au pairs, BUNAC, the Gap Year entrants concession, the Japan Youth Exchange Scheme and the concession for research assistants to MPs.[62] Participating countries must offer a reciprocal scheme to young British nationals. The scheme has seven participating countries: Australia, Canada [16], Japan, Monaco, Taiwan and New Zealand.[63] British nationals who are not citizens of the UK including British Nationals (Overseas), British Overseas Territory Citizens and British Overseas Citizens can also apply.[36]

The 24 month validity period runs continuously from the date from which the Entry Clearance is valid. Regardless of any time spent travelling outside the UK. This period cannot be extended nor can it be put on hold.

Although participants can undertake self-funded study while they are in the UK, either part-time or full-time, they cannot switch in the UK to student immigration status. Someone who wishes to stay longer in the UK to complete a full-time course must apply in their home country for a student visa. If someone does complete a course of study in the UK during their Tier 5 leave, they will not be eligible to switch to the Tier 1 (Post Study Work) scheme within the UK.

United States of America[edit]

Beginning in 2008, citizens of Ireland became eligible for a one year working holiday visa. Applicants must be college/university students, or have graduated from college/university within the past twelve months.[38]

Uruguay[edit]

  • Uruguay's Working Holiday Program provides opportunities for people aged between 18 and 30 years (inclusive) to holiday in Uruguay and to supplement their travel funds through incidental employment.
  • The visa allows a stay of up to 12 months and is available to New Zealand Citizens.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Visa Options - Working Holiday - Visas & Immigration
  2. ^ Austrian Foreign Ministry -> Embassy -> Canberra -> Entry permits (Visa)
  3. ^ [1].
  4. ^ a b http://www.diplomatie.be/canberra/default.asp?id=28&mnu=28&ACT=5&content=122
  5. ^ Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT) | Affaires étrangères et Commerce international Canada (MAECI)
  6. ^ BTA - Tourist visa
  7. ^ Working Holiday Visa (VIFET)
  8. ^ [2].
  9. ^ Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT) | Affaires étrangères et Commerce international Canada (MAECI)
  10. ^ Server message page - Bilingual (eng-fra) - GC Web Usability theme - Web Experience Toolkit (WET) / Page de message du serveur - Bilingue (eng-fra) - Thème de la facilité d'em...
  11. ^ List of Working Holiday Visas for Canadians
  12. ^ List of eglible countries
  13. ^ SWAP working holidays | Americans who want to work in Canada | English
  14. ^ a b Youth Mobility Programmes: Canada and Poland
  15. ^ Welcome Page | Page d'accueil
  16. ^ Exchange programs: Canada and Ukraine
  17. ^ Canadian Immigration and Visas | Canada Working Holiday Program
  18. ^ Chile Visa Information At Working Holiday How
  19. ^ Travel And Work Abroad | Travel and Work in Costa Rica For Canadians | International Experience Canada
  20. ^ Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT) | Affaires étrangères et Commerce international Canada (MAECI)
  21. ^ Working holidays scheme for New Zealand citizens | Consulate of the Czech Republic in Sydney
  22. ^ Working holiday, nyidanmark.dk.
  23. ^ [3]
  24. ^ [4]
  25. ^ Working holiday in Finland - Embassy of Finland, Canberra : Services : Working holiday
  26. ^ France-Canada youth exchange agreement - La France au Canada/France in Canada
  27. ^ PVTistes.net
  28. ^ PVTistes.net
  29. ^ PVTistes.net
  30. ^ Welcome to the Homepage of the German Consulate General in Vancouver! - Youth Mobility Programme Visa
  31. ^ DAS Ausländerrecht - Portal von Praktikern
  32. ^ a b Taiwan International Working Holiday Association
  33. ^ http://www.boca.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=1316&ctNode=783&mp=2
  34. ^ http://www.kormany.hu/en/search#category=all&search=working+holiday
  35. ^ "Guidance Notes on Working Holiday Scheme". Retrieved 2013-03-06. 
  36. ^ a b http://www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/visas-immigration/working/tier5/youthmobilityscheme/
  37. ^ Department of Foreign Affairs - Working Holidays in Ireland
  38. ^ a b Embassy of the United States - Dublin. "Guidelines for Administration of the Intern Work and Travel Pilot Program with Ireland". Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  39. ^ Working Holiday Scheme
  40. ^ http://www.ambcanberra.esteri.it/NR/rdonlyres/12400342-615B-426D-8D30-7364457FC126/0/Infoworkingholidayvisa.pdf
  41. ^ http://www.ambwellington.esteri.it/NR/rdonlyres/5DA36B86-1D14-4A77-801B-7B401A1CEC93/0/RequirementsforworkingholidayVisa.pdf
  42. ^ Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT) | Affaires étrangères et Commerce international Canada (MAECI)
  43. ^ a b http://www.no.emb-japan.go.jp/Norwegian/Reiseinformasjon/workingholidayvisa.html
  44. ^ MOFA: The Working Holiday Programmes in Japan
  45. ^ Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT) | Affaires étrangères et Commerce international Canada (MAECI)
  46. ^ Pilsonības un migrācijas lietu pārvalde - Kļūda 404
  47. ^ AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA CONCERNING YOUTH EXCHANGES
  48. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs Malta - Services
  49. ^ Travel And Work Abroad | Travel and Work in Mexico For Canadians | International Experience Canada
  50. ^ NZ embassy
  51. ^ [5]
  52. ^ mfa.sk - Ministry of foreign affairs
  53. ^ mfa.sk - Ministry of foreign affairs
  54. ^ Uradni list Republike Slovenije
  55. ^ http://www.1stcontactvisas.com/visa-news/post/The-end-of-the-working-holiday-visa-for-South-Africans.aspx
  56. ^ Canada Treaty Information - View Treaty
  57. ^ [6]
  58. ^ Canada-Sweden Youth Exchange Program | SwedenAbroad
  59. ^ Belgian Office, Taipei
  60. ^ [7]
  61. ^ [8]
  62. ^ http://www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/sitecontent/documents/managingourborders/pbsdocs/statementofintent/temporaryworkersunderpbs.pdf?view=Binary
  63. ^ Young New Zealanders benefit from changes in UK Visa scheme