World's most liveable cities
The world's most liveable cities is an informal name given to any list of cities as they rank on an annual survey of living conditions. Countries with cities commonly ranked in the top ten include Austria, Sweden, Germany, Switzerland, Australia and Canada. Three examples of the surveys are Monocle's "Most Liveable Cities Index", the Economist Intelligence Unit's "Liveability Ranking and Overview", and "Mercer Quality of Living Survey". Liveability rankings are designed for use by employers assigning hardship allowances as part of job relocation. There have been numerous arguments over the expansion of liveability rankings for other purposes. The annual city rankings attract extensive media coverage, and are a popular topic of discussion. However, the rankings are not used for economic forecasting or government policy. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Better Life Index factors in socioeconomic comparisons of the livability of cities across the world.
Mercer's Quality of Living Ranking
|Mercer's 2015 Quality of Living Rankings|
American global human resource and related financial services consulting firm Mercer releases annually the Quality of Living Survey, comparing 221 cities based on 39 criteria. New York City is given a baseline score of 100 and other cities are rated in comparison. Important criteria are safety, education, hygiene, health care, culture, environment, recreation, political-economic stability and public transport.
The list purports to help multi-national companies decide where to open offices or plants, and how much to pay employees.
The EIU's Liveability Ranking
|The EIU's Liveability Ranking August 2014|
The Economist Intelligence Unit's (EIU) most recent liveability ranking shows cities in Australia, Canada, Austria, Finland and New Zealand as the ideal destinations, thanks to a widespread availability of goods and services, low personal risk, and an effective infrastructure. It does not take into account the cost of living as a factor in 'liveability'. The Economist Intelligence Unit has been criticised by the New York Times for being overly anglocentric, stating that "The Economist clearly equates livability with speaking English." The August 2014 report placed Melbourne, Australia, as the most liveable city in the world, with Vienna, Austria taking second place, followed by Vancouver, Canada. Other Australian cities also ranked highly in the survey, with Adelaide continuing to hold equal 5th position (in company with Calgary in Canada). Sydney was at 7th position and Perth at 9th. A third Canadian city, Toronto, was among the top ten, holding the 4th spot. Toronto is the largest city by population among the top ten cities, with nearly six million inhabitants within its metropolitan area.
Monocle's Quality of Life Survey
|Monocle's Quality of Life Survey 2015|
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Since 2006, the lifestyle magazine Monocle has published an annual list of liveable cities. The list in 2008 was named "The Most Liveable Cities Index" and presented 25 top locations for quality of life.
Important criteria in this survey are safety/crime, international connectivity, climate/sunshine, quality of architecture, public transport, tolerance, environmental issues and access to nature, urban design, business conditions, pro-active policy developments and medical care.
- EU Green Capitals
- Global Liveability Survey
- List of cities by quality of living
- List of most expensive cities for expatriate employees
- "Better Life Index". OECD.org. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- "2015 Quality of Living City Rankings". IMercer.com. Mercer LLC. 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- "Global Liveability Ranking and Report August 2014". EIU.com. The Economist Group. August 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-21.
- Greenway, H.D.S. (26 May 2010). "The Best Place to Live?". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- Bloomfield, Steve, ed. (2015). "Quality of Life Survey 2015". Monocle.com. Retrieved 2015-06-13.