World's most livable cities
The world's most livable cities is an informal name given to any list of cities as they rank on a reputable annual survey of living conditions. Three examples are the Economist Intelligence Unit's Liveability Ranking and Overview, Mercer Quality of Living Survey and Monocle's Most Livable Cities Index. Liveability rankings are designed for use by employers assigning hardship allowances as part of job relocation. There have been numerous arguments over the expansion of livability rankings for other purposes. However, the annual city rankings attract extensive media coverage, and are a popular topic of discussion.
The EIU's Liveability Ranking and Overview
|The EIU's Liveability Ranking and Overview August 2012|
The Economist Intelligence Unit's (EIU) most recent liveability ranking shows cities in Australia, Canada, Austria, Finland and New Zealand as the ideal destinations, thanks to a widespread availability of goods and services, low personal risk, and an effective infrastructure. It does not take into account climate or the cost of living as a factor in 'liveability.' The Economist Intelligence Unit has been criticized by the New York Times for being overly anglocentric, stating that "The Economist clearly equates livability with speaking English."
Their August 2012 report placed Melbourne, Australia as the most livable city in the world, with Vienna, Austria taking second place, followed by Vancouver, Canada, unchanged from the top three of the previous year. Other Australian cities also ranked highly in the survey, with Adelaide holding equal 5th position, with Calgary in Canada. Sydney was at 7th position and Perth at 9th. A third Canadian city, Toronto was among the top ten, holding the 4th spot. Toronto is the largest city by population among the top ten cities, with nearly six million inhabitants within its metropolitan area. Among the US cities, the one at top positions are Honululu at 26 and Pittsburgh at 30.
Mercer's Quality of Living Survey
|Mercer 2012 Quality of Living Survey|
American global human resource and related financial services consulting firm Mercer releases annually the Quality of Living Survey, comparing 221 cities based on 39 criteria. New York is given a baseline score of 100 and other cities are rated in comparison. Important criteria are safety, education, hygiene, health care, culture, environment, recreation, political-economic stability and public transportation.
The list helps multi-national companies decide where to open offices or plants, and how much to pay employees.
Monocle's Most Livable Cities Index
|Monocle's Quality of Life Survey 2013|
Since 2007, the lifestyle magazine Monocle has published an annual list of livable cities. The list in 2009 was named "The Most Livable Cities Index" and presented 25 top locations for quality of life.
Important criteria in this survey are safety/crime, international connectivity, climate/sunshine, quality of architecture, public transportation, tolerance, environmental issues and access to nature, urban design, business conditions, pro-active policy developments and medical care.
The 2012 rankings continued thus: Hong Kong (11), Fukuoka (12), Kyoto (13), Paris (14), Singapore (15), Hamburg (16), Honolulu (17), Madrid (18), Vancouver (19), Berlin (20), Barcelona (21), Amsterdam (22), Portland (23), San Francisco (24) and Düsseldorf (25).
- Global Liveability Survey
- List of cities by quality of living
- List of most expensive cities for expatriate employees
- EU Green Capitals
- Melbourne Tops Livability Survey
- The Best Place to Live? 2010/05/27 New York Times
- eiu.com August 2011