World's most liveable cities
The world's most liveable cities is an informal name given to any list of cities as they rank on an annual survey of living conditions. Countries with cities commonly ranked in the top ten include Austria, Sweden, Germany, Switzerland, Australia and Canada. Three examples of the surveys are Monocle's "Most Liveable Cities Index", the Economist Intelligence Unit's "Liveability Ranking and Overview", and "Mercer Quality of Living Survey". Liveability rankings are designed for use by employers assigning hardship allowances as part of job relocation. There have been numerous arguments over the expansion of liveability rankings for other purposes. However, the annual city rankings attract extensive media coverage, and are a popular topic of discussion. However, the rankings are not used for economic forecasting or government policy. The OECD Better Life Index however, factors in socio-economic comparisons of the livability of cities across the world.
Monocle's Quality of Life Survey
|Monocle's Quality of Life Survey 2014|
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Since 2006, the lifestyle magazine Monocle has published an annual list of liveable cities. The list in 2008 was named "The Most Liveable Cities Index" and presented 25 top locations for quality of life.
Important criteria in this survey are safety/crime, international connectivity, climate/sunshine, quality of architecture, public transportation, tolerance, environmental issues and access to nature, urban design, business conditions, pro-active policy developments and medical care.
The EIU's Global Liveability Ranking
|The EIU's Global Liveability Ranking August 2014|
The Economist Intelligence Unit's (EIU) most recent liveability ranking shows cities in Australia, Canada, Austria, Finland and New Zealand as the ideal destinations, thanks to a widespread availability of goods and services, low personal risk, and an effective infrastructure. It does not take into account the cost of living as a factor in 'liveability'. The Economist Intelligence Unit has been criticised by the New York Times for being overly anglocentric, stating that "The Economist clearly equates livability with speaking English." The August 2014 report placed Melbourne, Australia as the most liveable city in the world, with Vienna, Austria taking second place, followed by Vancouver, Canada. Other Australian cities also ranked highly in the survey, with Adelaide continuing to hold equal 5th position (in company with Calgary in Canada). Sydney was at 7th position and Perth at 9th. A third Canadian city, Toronto was among the top ten, holding the 4th spot. Toronto is the largest city by population among the top ten cities, with nearly six million inhabitants within its metropolitan area. The Top 10 ranking order remains unchanged compared with 2012. Although Asian cities do not appear in the top 10, Osaka (Osaka Prefecture), Japan is ranked as Asia's most liveable city. At the bottom end of the scale, the 2013 report lists Damascus (Syria) as worst, followed by Tehran (Iran), Douala (Cameroon), Tripoli (Libya), Karachi (Pakistan), Algiers (Algeria), Harare (Zimbabwe), Lagos (Nigeria), Port Moresby (Papua New Guinea) and Dhaka (Bangladesh).
Mercer Quality of Living Survey
|Mercer's Quality of Living 2014|
American global human resource and related financial services consulting firm Mercer releases annually the Quality of Living Survey, comparing 221 cities based on 39 criteria. New York City is given a baseline score of 100 and other cities are rated in comparison. Important criteria are safety, education, hygiene, health care, culture, environment, recreation, political-economic stability and public transportation.
The list purports to help multi-national companies decide where to open offices or plants, and how much to pay employees.
- EU Green Capitals
- Global Liveability Survey
- List of cities by quality of living
- List of most expensive cities for expatriate employees
- "Quality of Life Survey 2014 - Monocle Film / Affairs". Monocle.com. Retrieved 2014-08-13.
- "Global Liveability Ranking and Report August 2014". Eiu.com. Retrieved 2014-08-21.
- The Best Place to Live? 2010/05/27 New York Times
- Compare 2012 report and 2013 report