List of largest buildings in the world

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This article is about the most voluminous buildings in the world. For a list of the tallest buildings, see List of tallest buildings in the world.

This list of most voluminous buildings in the world ranks buildings from around the world by footprint on the ground, usable space (volume) and floor space (area). The term "building" used by this list refers to single structures that are suitable for continuous human occupancy. There are a few exceptions which include factories and warehouses.

The Aerium near Berlin is the largest uninterrupted volume in the world, with Boeing's factory in Everett, Washington, United States the largest building in the world by volume and the Aalsmeer Flower Auction Building in Aalsmeer, Netherlands the largest in area footprint, while the Dubai International Airport Terminal 3 in Dubai is the largest building in terms of total floor area.[1] The surface area of the proposed Crystal Island complex in Moscow, Russia, is more than double that of the largest current building, though this project has been delayed by the global economic crisis.[2]

Largest usable space[edit]

Boeing's Everett factory seen in 2011
Aerium, Germany
Tropical Islands Dome in Brand - Bird’s-eye view - inside -

This list ranks the buildings throughout the world with the largest usable space sorted by volume.

Name Location Floor Area Volume Description Source
1 Boeing Everett Factory United States Everett, Washington 398,000 m² (4.3 million sq ft) 13.3 million m³ (472 million cu ft) Boeing's assembly site for a selection of the company's largest aircraft, originally built for construction of the 747. [3]
2 Target Import Warehouse United States Lacey, Washington 185,800 m² (2,000,000 sq ft) 7.43 million m³ (262.4 million cu ft) Built to distribute imported product to internal Target distribution centers.
3 Jean-Luc Lagardère Plant France Toulouse-Blagnac 122,500 m² (1,320,000 sq ft) 5.6 million m³ (199 million cu ft) The assembly hall of the Airbus A380, the world's largest airliner. [4]
4 Aerium Germany Halbe, Brandenburg 70,000 m² (753,000 sq ft) 5.2 million m³ (184 million cu ft) A hangar originally intended to house the construction of a giant airship, this building now houses an indoor, artificial tropical resort, called Tropical Islands. [5]
5 Meyer Werft Dockhalle 2 Germany Papenburg, Niedersachsen 63,000 m² (678,000 sq ft) 4.72 million m³ (167 million cu ft) Dry dock for construction of cruise ships. [6]
6 NASA Vehicle Assembly Building United States Brevard County, Florida 32,374 m² (348,000 sq ft) 3.66 million m³ (130 million cu ft) Originally built to enable simultaneous assembly and shelter for four Saturn V rockets. [7]
7 The O2 United Kingdom London 104,634 m2 (1,126,270 sq ft) 2.79 million m³ (98.6 million cu ft) An exhibition centre designed for the millennium and converted into an entertainment centre. [8]
8 Tesco Ireland Distribution Centre Republic of Ireland Donabate, Fingal 80,194 m² (863,201 sq ft) 1.55 million m³ (54.83 million cu ft) Large dry grocery distribution centre near Dublin. Opened in 2007 at a cost of €70 million. [9][10]

[11][12]

9 Hanover Fairground (Halls 3–9) Germany Mittelfeld, Hannover 114,535 m² 1.15 million m³ Largest exhibition ground in the world with 27 halls. Halls 1–2 and 10–27 are in separate adjacent buildings. [13]
10 National Exhibition Centre (Halls 1-5) United Kingdom Birmingham, West Midlands 186,000 m² 1.14 million m³ Large exhibition centre southeast of Birmingham. Halls 6-20 are in a separate building. [14]

Largest footprint[edit]

This list ranks the buildings throughout the world with the largest footprint on the ground.

Name Location Footprint Length & Width Description Map
1 Aalsmeer Flower Auction Netherlands Aalsmeer 518,000 m² 740 m x 700 m The auction building of the flower auction in Aalsmeer. [3]
2 Tesla Factory United States Fremont, California 510,000 m² The principal production facility of Tesla Motors
3 Boeing Everett Factory United States Everett, Washington 398,000 m² 900 m x 495 m Boeing's assembly site for a selection of the company's largest aircraft, originally built for construction of the 747. [4]
4 Mitsubishi Motors North America United States Normal, Illinois 220,000 m² 920 m x 200 m Assembles the Mitsubishi Outlander [5]
5 Belvidere Assembly Plant United States Belvidere, Illinois 210,000 m² 700 m x 300 m Assembles the Dodge Dart, Jeep Patriot, and Jeep Compass. [6]
6 New Century Global Centre China Chengdu 200,000 m² 500 m x 400 m "The Global Centre will be home to business offices, hotels, theaters, high-end shopping malls, a faux Mediterranean village, family-themed attractions, university complexes and more."[15] [7]
7 Target Import Warehouse United States Lacey, Washington 159,000 m² 1,060 m x 150 m Built to distribute imported product to internal Target distribution centers. [8]
8 Jean-Luc Lagardère Plant France Toulouse-Blagnac 122,500 m² 470 m x 270 m The assembly hall of the Airbus A380, the world's largest Airliner. [9]
9 Amazon Distribution Center United States Schertz, Texas 117,450 m2 (1,264,200 sq ft) 675 m x 174 m Built to distribute products to Amazon customers [10]
10 Lauma Fabrics Latvia Liepāja, Latvia 115,645 m2 (1,244,790 sq ft) 229 m x 505 m Lauma Fabrics is a manufacturing company which produces raw materials for lingerie production. [11]
11 The O2 United Kingdom London 104,634 m2 (1,126,270 sq ft) 365 m diameter An exhibition centre entertainment centre.
12 Amazon.com Logistics Centre Germany Bad Hersfeld, Hessen 89,380 m² 410 m x 218 m Logistics center and warehouse for Amazon.com. [12]

Largest floor space[edit]

Concourse B part of Terminal 3 at Dubai International Airport
The Pentagon

This list ranks the top buildings throughout the world with the largest amount of floor area.

# Name Location Floor Area Volume Source/Notes
1 New Century Global Center China Chengdu 1,760,000 m2 (18,900,000 sq ft) appr. 7.4 million m³ (260 million cu ft) [16][17]
2 Dubai International Airport Terminal 3 United Arab Emirates Dubai 1,713,000 m2 (18,440,000 sq ft) appr. 10.0 million m³ (360 million cu ft) [18]
3 Abraj Al-Bait Endowment Saudi Arabia Mecca 1,575,815 m2 (16,961,930 sq ft) appr. 6.0 million m³ (210 million cu ft) [19]
4 CentralWorld Thailand Bangkok 1,024,000 m2 (11,020,000 sq ft) appr. 4.1 million m³ (140 million cu ft)
5 Aalsmeer Flower Auction Netherlands Aalsmeer 990,000 m2 (10,700,000 sq ft) appr. 7.4 million m³ (260 million cu ft) [20]
6 Beijing Capital International Airport Terminal 3 China Beijing 986,000 m2 (10,610,000 sq ft) appr. 6.0 million m³ (210 million cu ft) [21]
7 The Venetian Macao Macau Macau 980,000 m2 (10,500,000 sq ft) appr. 3.9 million m³ (140 million cu ft) [22]
8 Sands Cotai Central Macau Macau 890,000 m2 (9,600,000 sq ft) appr. 3.5 million m³ (120 million cu ft) [23]
9 Berjaya Times Square Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 700,000 m2 (7,500,000 sq ft) appr. 2.8 million m³ (100 million cu ft)
10 Central Park Jakarta Complex Indonesia Jakarta 660,000 m2 (7,100,000 sq ft) appr. 2.5 million m³ (90 million cu ft)
11 The Palazzo United States Las Vegas, Nevada 645,581 m2 (6,948,980 sq ft) appr. 2.5 million m³ (90 million cu ft) [24]
12 Grand Indonesia Indonesia Jakarta 640,000 m2 (6,900,000 sq ft) appr. 2.5 million m³ (90 million cu ft) [25]
13 The Pentagon United States Arlington County, Virginia 610,000 m2 (6,600,000 sq ft) appr. 2.4 million m³ (85 million cu ft) [26][27]
14 K-25 (demolished by the end of 2013)[28] United States Tennessee 609,000 m2 (6,560,000 sq ft) appr. 4.3 million m³ (150 million cu ft)
15 Air Force Plant 4 United States Texas 603,870 m2 (6,500,000 sq ft) appr. 11.5 million m³ (400 million cu ft) [29]
16 Schiphol Airport Netherlands Netherlands 600,000 m2 (6,500,000 sq ft) [30][31]
17 Marina Bay Sands Singapore Singapore 581,400 m2 (6,258,000 sq ft) appr. 2.4 million m³ (85 million cu ft) [32]
18 Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower Vietnam Vietnam 580,000 m2 (6,200,000 sq ft) appr. 2.4 million m³ (85 million cu ft)
19 Hong Kong International Airport Terminal 1 Hong Kong Hong Kong 570,000 m2 (6,100,000 sq ft) appr. 3.4 million m³ (120 million cu ft) [33]
20 Suvarnabhumi Airport Thailand Samut Prakan 563,000 m2 (6,060,000 sq ft) appr. 3.4 million m³ (120 million cu ft) [34]
21 ATL Logistics Centre, Centre B Hong Kong Hong Kong 550,000 m2 (5,900,000 sq ft) appr. 6.6 million m³ (230 million cu ft) [35]
22 Barcelona Airport Terminal 1 Spain Barcelona 546,000 m2 (5,880,000 sq ft) appr. 3.3 million m³ (115 million cu ft) [36]
23 Mexico City International Airport Terminal 1 Mexico Mexico City 544,000 m2 (5,860,000 sq ft) appr. 3.3 million m³ (115 million cu ft) [citation needed]
24 Osaka Station City[citation needed] Japan Umeda, Osaka 530,000 m2 (5,700,000 sq ft) appr. 2.1 million m³ (73 million cu ft)
25 Renaissance Center United States Detroit 515,000 m2 (5,540,000 sq ft) 1,850,000 m³ (65.3 million cu ft) [37][38]
26 Indira Gandhi International Airport Terminal 3 India Delhi 502,000 m2 (5,400,000 sq ft) appr. 3.0 million m³ (105 million cu ft) [39]
27 Incheon International Airport South Korea Seoul 496,000 m2 (5,340,000 sq ft) appr. 3.0 million m³ (105 million cu ft) [40]
28 Chrysler Headquarters and Technology Center United States Auburn Hills, Michigan 490,000 m2 (5,300,000 sq ft) appr. 4.0 million m³ (140 million cu ft) [41]
29 Barajas Airport Terminal 4 main building Spain Madrid 470,000 m2 (5,100,000 sq ft) appr. 2.8 million m³ (100 million cu ft) [citation needed]
30 Burj Khalifa United Arab Emirates Dubai 465,000 m2 (5,010,000 sq ft) appr. 1.7 million m³ (60 million cu ft) [42]
31 Toronto Pearson International Airport Terminal 1 Canada Mississauga 464,000 m2 (4,990,000 sq ft) appr. 2.8 million m³ (100 million cu ft)
32 Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport Terminal 2 India Mumbai 450,000 m2 (4,800,000 sq ft) appr. 1.9 million m³ (67 million cu ft)
33 Persian Gulf Complex (Persian: مجتمع خلیج فارس‎, mojtama'e Khalij-e Fars) Iran Shiraz 444,000 m2 (4,780,000 sq ft) appr. 1.9 million m³ (67 million cu ft) [43]
34 Narita International Airport Terminal 1 Japan Narita 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft) appr. 2.7 million m³ (95 million cu ft) [44]
35 Mid Valley Megamall Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 420,000 m2 (4,500,000 sq ft) appr. 1.7 million m³ (60 million cu ft) [45]
36 Willis Tower United States Chicago 418,000 m2 (4,500,000 sq ft) 1,510,000 m³ (53.4 million cu ft) [46]
37 Nagoya Station Japan Nagoya 416,565 m2 (4,483,870 sq ft) appr. 2.0 million m³ (70 million cu ft) [citation needed]
38 USAA McDermott Building United States San Antonio 414,642 m2 (4,463,170 sq ft) appr. 1.6 million m³ (57 million cu ft) [47]
39 Taipei 101 Taiwan Taipei 412,500 m2 (4,440,000 sq ft) appr. 1.6 million m³ (57 million cu ft)
40 Boeing Plant United States Everett 398,000 m2 (4,280,000 sq ft) 13.3 million m³ (472 million cu ft) [3]
41 Yokohama Landmark Tower Japan Yokohama 392,885 m2 (4,228,980 sq ft) appr. 1.55 million m³ (55 million cu ft) [citation needed]
42 CCTV Headquarters China Beijing 473,000 m2 (5,090,000 sq ft) appr. 1.9 million m³ (67 million cu ft) [48]
43 Singapore Changi Airport Terminal 3 Singapore Singapore 380,000 m2 (4,100,000 sq ft) appr. 2.2 million m³ (78 million cu ft) [49]
44 Mori Tower Japan Tokyo 379,408 m2 (4,083,910 sq ft) appr. 1.5 million m³ (53 million cu ft) [citation needed]
45 Shanghai World Financial Center China Shanghai 377,300 m2 (4,061,000 sq ft) appr. 1.5 million m³ (53 million cu ft) [citation needed]
46 Merchandise Mart United States Chicago 372,000 m2 (4,000,000 sq ft) appr. 1.5 million m³ (53 million cu ft) [50]

Special categories[edit]

Ericsson Globe

This list of special categories includes a variety of buildings which are the largest of their type.

Largest buildings
Type of building Name Location Floor Area Volume
Department store Shinsegae Centum City[51] South Korea Busan 509,810 m2 (5,487,500 sq ft)
Industrial Building Boeing Everett Factory United States Everett, Washington 398,000 m² (4.3 million sq ft) 13.3 million m3 (472 million cubic ft)
Parliament Palace of the Parliament Romania Bucharest 330,000 m² (3.55 million sq ft) 2.55 million m³ (90 million cu ft)
Bus Terminal Millennium Park Bus Depot India Delhi 305,265 m² (3.6 million sq ft)
Courthouse Istanbul Çağlayan Justice Palace Turkey Istanbul 300,000 m² (3.0 million sq ft)
Museum Louvre Museum (Musée du Louvre) France Paris 210,000 m² (2,260,421 sq ft)
Current Royal Residence Istana Nurul Iman Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan 200,000 m² (2,152,782 sq ft)
Royal Palace Royal Palace of Madrid Spain Madrid 135,000 m² (1,450,000 sq ft)
Shipbuilding hall Meyer Werft Dockhalle 2 Germany Papenburg 63,000 m² (678,000 sq ft) 4.72 million m³ (167 million cu ft)
Hemispherical building Ericsson Globe[52] Sweden Stockholm 600,000 m³ (21 million cu ft)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  3. ^ a b "Boeing Everett Factory Tours". Boeing. 
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  5. ^ "Germany's Pleasure Dome". Retrieved 25 January 2008. 
  6. ^ Emslandkurier am Sonntag für Papenburg, 2 December 2007, Page 1
  7. ^ "Vehicle Assembly Building". Retrieved 21 January 2008. 
  8. ^ "Millennium Dome". Design Book Magazine. 
  9. ^ Tesco Distribution Centre TPE Consulting Engineers
  10. ^ Tesco Distribution Centre PUNCH Consulting Engineers
  11. ^ Tesco Distribution Centre Mannings
  12. ^ Tesco Distribution Centre Euromech
  13. ^ [1] Hanover Fairground
  14. ^ Halls 1-5 Factsheet National Exhibition Centre
  15. ^ "ASHRAE Journal - February 2013 - Page 10". 
  16. ^ "New Century Global Center [High-tech Zone, South Extension] Chengdu Tianfu Avenue North, 1700". 
  17. ^ "A video of the world's largest building: the Chengdu New Century Global Center". 
  18. ^ "Dubai Airports Fact Sheet". 
  19. ^ "Abraj Al-Bait Endowment". 
  20. ^ "Aalsmeer Information". Archived from the original on 2 January 2008. Retrieved 24 January 2008. 
  21. ^ Spencer, Richard (13 September 2007). "Beijing Capital International Airport at Telegraph". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  22. ^ "HKIE exhibition overview". Retrieved 30 January 2008. 
  23. ^ "Sands Cotai land costs MOP1.87 billion". Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  24. ^ "Palazzo Opens in Las Vegas". 
  25. ^ |Grand Indonesia |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Indonesia
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  27. ^ "Pentagon facts and figures". Retrieved 21 January 2008. [dead link]
  28. ^ [2][dead link]
  29. ^ "GlobalSecurity.org". Retrieved 6 July 2009. 
  30. ^ "Facts and Figures 2009 of Schiphol (PDF)". Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  31. ^ "All Facts and Figures 2004 - 2013 of Schiphol (list of yearly statistics)". Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  32. ^ "Safdie Architects - Marina Bay Sands in Singapore". Retrieved 5 July 2010. 
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  38. ^ "GM Renaissance Center". Hines. Retrieved 16 August 2008. 
  39. ^ "IGIA Master Plan". Retrieved 16 August 2010. 
  40. ^ "Airport Technology.com: Incheon International Airport". Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  41. ^ Priddle, Alisa (12 May 2009).Chrysler's tech center called a 'good asset'. The Detroit News. Retrieved on 28 June 2009.
  42. ^ "CTBUH Tall Buildings Database: Burj Khalifa". CTBUH. Retrieved 11 February 2010. 
  43. ^ "Persian Gulf Complex (Mojtama'e Khalij Fars)". Retrieved 23 June 2011. 
  44. ^ "Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Civil Aviation Bureau". Retrieved 3 August 2009. 
  45. ^ "Mid Valley Megamall - IGB REIT". IGB Corporation Berhad. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  46. ^ "Sears tower at skyscraper page". Retrieved 21 January 2008.  |
  47. ^ "ENERGY STAR Labeled Building Profile". 
  48. ^ Tall buildings: [Catalog of an exhibition held at MoMA QNS, July 16-Sept. 27, 2004, organized by Terence Riley and Guy Nordenson]. Retrieved 22 September 2013. 
  49. ^ "Facts in Changi Airport". Retrieved 5 July 2010. 
  50. ^ "Marchitecture". Archived from the original on 22 October 2007. Retrieved 21 January 2008. 
  51. ^ http://koreabridge.net/post/destination-shinsegae-centum-city-largest-department-store-world-–-busan-chrisinsouthkorea
  52. ^ "Stockholm Globe Arena information". Retrieved 27 January 2008.