World Boxing Organization

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World Boxing Organization
WBO logo.jpg
Abbreviation WBO
Motto Dignity, Democracy, Honesty
Type Non-profit Institution
Purpose Boxing sanctioning organization
Headquarters San Juan, Puerto Rico
Region served
Worldwide
President
Francisco Varcarcel
Main organ
General Assembly
Website www.wboboxing.com

The World Boxing Organization (WBO) is a sanctioning organization currently recognizing professional boxing world champions. The organization is recognized as one of the four major world championship groups by the IBHOF alongside the International Boxing Federation, the World Boxing Council and the World Boxing Association. WBO offices are located in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

History[edit]

The WBO started after a group of Puerto Rican and Dominican businessmen broke out of the World Boxing Association's 1988 annual convention in Isla Margarita, Venezuela over disputes regarding what rules should be applied.

The WBO's first president was Ramon Pina Acevedo of the Dominican Republic. Soon after its beginning, the WBO was staging world championship bouts around the globe. Its first championship fight was for its vacant super-middleweight title, between Thomas Hearns and James Kinchen; Hearns won by decision. In order to gain respectability, the WBO next elected former world light-heavyweight champion José Torres of Ponce, Puerto Rico, as its president. Torres left in 1996, giving way to Puerto Rican lawyer Francisco Varcarcel as president. Varcarcel has been there since.

At heavyweight, especially in the United States, the organization struggled to gain credibility as a major sanctioning body, with WBO heavyweight title-holders Michael Moorer, Riddick Bowe, and Henry Akinwande relinquishing the title to pursue other options. Boxing publication The Ring also didn't recognize the WBO, despite having recognized the IBF after its inception in 1983, five years prior to the WBO.

In the lighter weight divisions however, long-reigning champions during the 1990s such as Chris Eubank, Dariusz Michalczewski, Johnny Tapia, and Naseem Hamed gave the WBO title much more prestige. The WBO was also made popular by boxers such as Marco Antonio Barrera, Oscar De La Hoya, Nigel Benn, Ronald "Winky" Wright, Joe Calzaghe, and Wladimir Klitschko holding its title.

In Europe, the WBO was more accepted during its early years than in the U.S., and WBO champions always fared well in unification bouts with WBC, WBA, and IBF champions.[not specific enough to verify] By 2001, the WBA was giving the same recognition to WBO champions as to WBA, WBC and IBF champions.[1] In 2004 the WBC began naming WBO champions on its ranking listings.[2] The IBF did not recognise the WBO in May 2006,[3] but was doing so by February 2007.[4] WBO regulations explicitly recognise the other three sanctioning bodies.[5] For many years, as with the IBF, boxers based in Japan were not permitted to fight for WBO titles. In 2012, the Japan Boxing Commission (JBC) recognized the governing body.[6]

Fighters who have been named "WBO Super Champion" include: Wladimir Klitschko, Bernard Hopkins, Joe Calzaghe, Kelly Pavlik, Oscar De La Hoya, Manny Pacquiao, Juan Manuel Márquez, Juan Díaz, Marco Antonio Barrera, Fernando Montiel, Jorge Arce, Omar Andrés Narváez and Iván Calderón.

Criticism[edit]

Initial holder of heavyweight title[edit]

While the IBF had awarded recognition to Larry Holmes soon after its inception in 1983 (as they did with several established champions in the lower weight divisions), the WBO sanctioned a fight between two relatively unknown fighters, Francesco Damiani (winner of the super heavyweight silver medal at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles) and Johnny DuPlooy, to determine the initial holder of its heavyweight title in 1989. All other sanctioning bodies of boxing recognized the then-undefeated Mike Tyson as the heavyweight champion. Damiani went on to win the initial WBO heavyweight title.[7][8]

Minimumweight title declared vacant[edit]

On August 23, 1997, WBC minimumweight champion Ricardo López won the WBO minimumweight title by knocking out Puerto Rican fighter Alex Sánchez. After the bout, López told a Mexican newspaper that he wanted to give his newly won championship belt to his father, who is a boxing fan. WBO president Francisco Varcarcel said he viewed that comment as a public resignation and declared the title vacant without holding a hearing or notifying López. The WBO sanctioned a bout between Eric Jamili (10-5-1) and Mickey Cantwell (13-4-1) to fill the vacancy despite protests by López.[9]

Ranking of deceased boxer[edit]

The WBO twice moved Darrin Morris up in its super-middleweight rankings in 2001, despite the fact that he was dead. Morris was Number 7 at the time of his death and Number 5 when the WBO discovered the error. Varcarcel said, "We obviously missed the fact that Darrin was dead. It is regrettable." Valcarcel also stated that other boxing sanctioning organizations had made similar errors in the past by continuing to rank another boxer after he was dead.[10] One week after British newspaper The Independent broke the story, one of the three men ranking the boxers, Gordon Volkman, still had not heard that Morris was dead.[11]

Current WBO world title holders[edit]

Male[edit]

Weight class: Title holder: Reign began:
Mini flyweight Mexico Francisco Rodriguez, Jr. 22 March 2014
Junior flyweight Philippines Donnie Nietes 8 October 2011
Flyweight Mexico Juan Francisco Estrada 6 April 2013
Junior bantamweight Argentina Omar Narvaez 15 May 2010
Bantamweight Japan Tomoki Kameda 1 August 2013
Junior featherweight Cuba Guillermo Rigondeaux 13 April 2013
Featherweight Ukraine Vasyl Lomachenko 21 June 2014
Junior lightweight United States Mikey Garcia 9 November 2013
Lightweight United States Terence Crawford 1 March 2014
Junior welterweight United States Chris Algieri 14 June 2014
Welterweight Philippines Manny Pacquiao 12 April 2014
Junior middleweight United States Demetrius Andrade 9 November 2013
Middleweight United States Peter Quillin 20 October 2012
Super middleweight Armenia Arthur Abraham 1 March 2014
Light heavyweight Russia Sergey Kovalev 17 August 2013
Cruiserweight Germany Marco Huck 29 August 2009
Heavyweight Ukraine Wladimir Klitschko 23 February 2008

Female[edit]

Weight class: Champion: Date won:
Strawweight (105 lb.) South Korea Su-Yun Hong 28 June 2012
Junior flyweight (108 lb.) Argentina Yesica Bopp 6 November 2009
Flyweight (112 lb.) vacant
Junior bantamweight (115 lb.) Argentina Carolina Duer 17 December 2010
Bantamweight (118 lb.) vacant
Junior featherweight (122 lb.) Argentina Yésica Patricia Marcos 16 March 2012
Featherweight (126 lb.) Argentina Alejandra Marina Oliveras 5 January 2012
Junior lightweight (130 lb.) Germany Ramona Kuehne 4 June 2010
Lightweight (135 lb.) Colombia Enis Pacheco 16 March 2012
Junior welterweight (140 lb.) Argentina Fernanda Alegre 3 December 2010
Welterweight (147 lb.) Norway Cecilia Brækhus 15 May 2010
Junior middleweight (154 lb.) Dominican Republic Oxandia Castillo 28 February 2013
Middleweight (160 lb.) vacant
Super middleweight (168 lb.) Germany Christina Hammer 4 May 2013
Light heavyweight (175 lb.) vacant
Junior heavyweight (200 lb.) vacant
Heavyweight (200+ lb.) vacant

Former champions[edit]

WBO affiliated organizations[edit]

Transition of WBO titles[edit]

Other boxing organizations[edit]

International Boxing Hall of Fame recognized
Other organizations

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Super championships guidelines". WBA. Archived from the original on 2001-11-19. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  2. ^ Compare
    "WBC Bantamweight Ratings (incl. WBO)". WBC. Archived from the original on 2004-08-03. Retrieved 2008-11-15.  and
    "WBC Bantamweight Ratings (excl. WBO)". WBC. Archived from the original on 2004-02-04. Retrieved 2008-11-15. 
  3. ^ "IBF/USBA Rules Governing Championship Contests". pp.10–11. IBF. May 2006. Retrieved 2008-11-15. "For the purpose of unification of titles, the Champions of the World Boxing Association (“WBA”) and the World Boxing Council (“WBC”) may be designated as “elite contenders” and may be permitted to fight for the unified title. Unification bouts with other organizations will be considered on a case to case basis." 
  4. ^ "IBF Ratings". IBF. February 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-02-02. Retrieved 2008-11-15. 
  5. ^ "§7 unification bouts and unification tournaments as mandatory title bouts". Regulations of World Championship Contests. WBO. p. 8. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  6. ^ Myron Sta. Ana (November 20, 2012). "Wars Katsumata Wins by Knockout in Japan". PhilBoxing.com. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  7. ^ Hurley, Matthew (211 August 2007). "Klitschko Ibragimov Close To Being Set For February". East Side Boxing. Retrieved 3 June 2009. "The WBO, which was introduced in 1989, was not generally considered a legitimate heavyweight belt at the time. The organization's first heavyweight champion was Francesco Damiani whose short reign came during Mike Tyson's run as undisputed champion." 
  8. ^ Hauser, Thomas (16 March 2008). "The Heavyweight Follies". SecondsOut.com. Retrieved 3 June 2009. "And the WBO belt has NEVER been carried into the ring by the true heavyweight champion of the world. The first WBO heavyweight beltholder was Francesco Damiani, who won the bauble by knocking out Johnny DuPlooy in 1989" 
  9. ^ "PLUS: BOXING; Jamili Takes Strawweight Title". The New York Times. 20 December 1997. 
  10. ^ Bunce, Steve (13 February 2001). "Death no barrier to fighter's rise in rankings". The Independent (London). Retrieved 1 March 2009. 
  11. ^ Graham, Tim (20 February 2001). "New WBO division: Dead weight". ESPN.com. Retrieved 1 March 2009. 

External links[edit]