World Chess Hall of Fame

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World Chess Hall of Fame
Primary WCHOF logo 2013.png
Established 1984
Location 4652 Maryland Avenue
St. Louis, Missouri 63108
 United States
Type Hall of Fame
Art Museum
Director Susan Barrett
Website worldchesshof.org

The World Chess Hall of Fame (WCHOF) is a nonprofit, collecting institution situated in the Central West End neighborhood of St. Louis, Missouri.

The WCHOF is the only institution of its kind and offers a variety of programming to explore the dynamic relationship between art and chess, including educational outreach initiatives that provide context and meaning to the game and its continued educational impact. Founded in 1984, it is run by the United States Chess Trust, a charitable arm of the United States Chess Federation. Formerly located in New Windsor, New York; Washington D.C.; and Miami, Florida, it moved to St. Louis on September 9, 2011.[1]

History[edit]

Logo used from 2011-2013

The brainchild of Steven Doyle, USCF president from 1984 to 1987,[2] the World Chess Hall of Fame was created in 1986 as the U.S. Chess Hall of Fame.

Opened in 1988 in the basement of the Federation’s then-headquarters in New Windsor, New York,[1] the small museum contained a modest collection, including a book of chess openings signed by Bobby Fischer;[3] a silver set awarded to Paul Morphy, American chess player and unofficial World Champion; and cardboard plaques honoring past grandmasters.

In 1992, the U.S. Chess Trust purchased the museum and moved its contents to Washington D.C. At its Washington D.C. location from 1992 to 2001, the hall featured America's "big four" chess players: Paul Morphy, Bobby Fischer, Frank Marshall, and Samuel Reshevsky.[4] It displayed the World Chess Championship trophy won by the United States team in 1993 as well as numerous chess boards and chess pieces. The museum gave visitors the opportunity to play against a chess computer. By 2001, the collection had grown to include numerous chess sets and boards and plaques commemorating inductees to the U.S. and World halls of fame.[4]

In the late 1990s, Sidney Samole, former owner of Excalibur Electronics, proposed to move the hall of fame to Miami, where it would be located in a rook-shaped building constructed by Excalibur. Although Samole died in 2000, the U.S. Chess Trust accepted the proposal the following year.[1] Reopened in 2001, it was renamed the World Chess Hall of Fame and Sidney Samole Museum.[1][5] The museum continued collecting chess sets, books, tournament memorabilia, advertisements, photographs, furniture, medals, trophies, and journals until it closed in 2009. Philanthropist Rex Sinquefield soon afterward agreed to pay for moving the museum to St. Louis and renovating its new building.[1]

The World Chess Hall of Fame is located across the street from the Chess Club and Scholastic Center of Saint Louis in the city's vibrant Central West End neighborhood. It displays artifacts from the museum’s permanent collection and temporary exhibitions highlighting the great players, historic games, and rich cultural history of chess as well as the U.S. and World Chess Hall of Fame.

The Hall of Fame collaborates with the Chess Club and Scholastic Center to provide programming, instruction, and outreach to an international audience of novices and experts alike. Its collection includes pieces such as a 500-year-old[citation needed] piece from an Egyptian game called senet, the earliest known board game; a custom-made set of chess furniture that belonged to Bobby Fischer, and the first commercial chess computer. Rotating exhibitions feature items from the permanent collection; the museum also mounts two temporary exhibitions per year. The Hall of Fame also commemorates the careers of its members.

Hall of Fame[edit]

There are 52 members in the U.S. Hall of Fame, including Bobby Fischer, John W. Collins, Larry Evans, Benjamin Franklin, George Koltanowski, Sammy Reshevsky, Paul Morphy, and Arnold Denker.

There are 19 members in the World Hall of Fame, including José Raúl Capablanca, Anatoly Karpov, Garry Kasparov, and Boris Spassky. Winner of the first Women’s World Chess Championship Vera Menchik was the first woman to be inducted into the WCHOF in 2011.

The 2011 inductions took place on September 8 as part of the World Chess Hall of Fame Grand Opening celebration.

U.S. Chess Hall of Fame Inductees[edit]

The U.S. Chess Federation Hall of Fame Committee considers candidates for the U.S. Chess Hall of Fame and sends its nominations to the U.S. Chess Trust each year. The trustees of the U.S. Chess Trust vote on who should be inducted. The induction itself take place either at the U.S. Chess Federation Awards Luncheon during the U.S. Open or at the World Chess Hall of Fame, which is now located in Saint Louis, Missouri. The induction is almost always performed by either the Chairman of the U.S. Chess Trust or the Chairman of the Hall of Fame Committee.

Current members of the committee are Harold Winston (Chairman), John Donaldson, John McCrary, Al Lawrence, GM Joel Benjamin, GM Arthur Bisguier, John Hilbert, Jennifer Shahade, and Shane Samole. McCrary and Donaldson are former Chairs of the Hall of Fame Committee. Both Bisguier and Benjamin are members of the Hall of Fame. Samole was in charge of the Hall of Fame when it was located in Miami, Florida from 2001-2009.

Count Inductee Induction Year
1 Reuben Fine 1986
2 Robert Fischer 1986
3 Isaac Kashdan 1986
4 George Koltanowski 1986
5 Frank Marshall 1986
6 Paul Morphy 1986
7 Harry Pillsbury 1986
8 Sammy Reshevsky 1986
9 Sam Loyd 1987
10 Wilhelm Steinitz 1987
11 Arpad Elo 1988
12 Hermann Helms 1988
13 Al Horowitz 1989
14 Hans Berliner 1990
15 John W. Collins 1991
16 Arthur Dake 1991
17 Arnold Denker 1992
18 Gisela Gresser 1992
19 George MacKenzie 1992
20 Pal Benko 1993
21 Victor Palciauskas 1993
22 Arthur Bisguier 1994
23 Robert Byrne 1994
24 Larry Evans 1994
25 Ed Edmondson Jr. 1995
26 Fred Reinfeld 1996
27 Kenneth Harkness 1997
28 Milan Vukcevich 1998
29 Benjamin Franklin 1999
30 Edmar Mednis 2000
31 Lubomir Kavalek 2001
32 Lev Alburt 2003
33 Walter Browne 2003
34 Donald Byrne 2003
35 Anatoly Lein 2004
36 Leonid Shamkovich 2004
37 Yasser Seirawan 2006
38 Irving Chernev 2007
39 Jeremy Gaige 2007
40 Joel Benjamin 2008
41 Larry Christiansen 2008
42 Nick de Firmian 2008
43 John Fedorowicz 2009
44 Burt Hochberg 2009
45 Diane Savereide 2010
46 Jackson Showalter 2010
47 Hermann Steiner 2010
48 Boris Gulko 2011
49 Andy Soltis 2011
50 Alex Yermolinsky 2012
51 Gregory Kaidanov 2013
52 Mona May Karff 2013

World Chess Hall of Fame Inductees[edit]

The World Chess Hall of Fame inductees are nominated by representatives of the World Chess Federation (FIDE).

Count Inductee Induction Year
1 Jose Raul Capablanca 2001
2 Robert Fischer 2001
3 Emanuel Lasker 2001
4 Paul Morphy 2001
5 Wilhelm Steinitz 2001
6 Mikhail Botvinnik 2003
7 Tigran Petrosian 2003
8 Vasily Smyslov 2003
9 Boris Spassky 2003
10 Mikhail Tal 2003
11 Alexander Alekhine 2004
12 Max Euwe 2004
13 Anatoly Karpov 2004
14 Garry Kasparov 2005
15 Siegbert Tarrasch 2008
16 Vera Menchik 2011
17 Elisaveta Bykova 2013
18 Mikhail Chigorin 2013
19 Nona Gaprindashvili 2013

Exhibitions[edit]

Upon its move to St. Louis in 2011, the World Chess Hall of Fame not only features chess artifacts from throughout history in its permanent collection, but also art and artifacts on loan from various artists and collectors.

OUT OF THE BOX: Artists Play Chess[edit]

September 9, 2011 - February 12, 2011
A contemporary art exhibition and one of the inaugural exhibitions of the World Chess Hall of Fame when it reopened on September 9, 2011. Curated by Dr. Bradley Bailey, assistant professor of modern and contemporary art history at Saint Louis University, OUT OF THE BOX: Artists Play Chess features artworks that consider chess both at the formal level and at the level of actual play. The artists featured in this exhibition are Tom Friedman, Barbara Kruger, Liliya Lifanova, Yoko Ono, Gavin Turk, Diana Thater, and Guido van der Werve.

The grand opening program for the St. Louis location featured Number Twelve: Chess Piano Concert in Three Movements, in which Dutch contemporary artist Guido van der Werve performed on a one-of-a-kind chess piano that he built. The piano sounded a note as each chess piece is played, while nine string musicians from the Saint Louis Symphony played van der Werve’s score.

To commemorate the closing of the World Chess Hall of Fame's inaugural exhibitions and OUT OF THE BOX: Artists Play Chess, the Contemporary Art Museum St. Louis hosted an event featuring Liliya Lifanova's performance art piece Anatomy is Destiny, one of the pieces in the exhibition.

Chess Masterpieces: Highlights from the Dr. George and Vivan Dean Collection[edit]

September 9, 2011 - February 12, 2011
Chess Masterpieces: Highlights from the Dr. George and Vivian Deal Collection celebrated the Deans’ 50th year of collecting together and featured selected works to trace the development of the game of chess and the design of fine chess sets from the tenth to the early twentieth century. Sets came from Austria, Cambodia, China, England, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Kashmir, Morocco, Persia, Russia, Syria, and Turkey. Among the works displayed were pieces owned or commissioned by Catherine the Great, Napoleon, Czar Nicolas II, and the British royal family.

The Dr. George and Vivian Dean Collection contains over 1,000 rare historical chess sets and is the result of years of devoted world-wide travel, study, and erudition.

Marcel Dzama: The End Game[edit]

March 9, 2012 - August 12, 2012
Marcel Dzama': The End Game features the artist’s film, A Game of Chess, alongside related drawings, paintings, sculptures, and dioramas. Dzama’s work draws from a diverse range of references and artistic influences, including Dada and Marcel Duchamp. His film features characters based on the classic game of chess. Dressed in geometrically designed costumes of papier-mâché, plaster, and fiberglass and wearing elaborate masks (including a quadruple-faced mask for the King), the figures dance across a checkered board to challenge their opponents in fatal interchanges.

The exhibition also presents two rotating sculptures based on central characters in the film as well as new paintings created especially for this exhibition. Marcel Dzama: The End Game marks the first solo exhibition of Dzama’s work in the Midwest.

BOBBY FISCHER: Icon Among Icons, Photographs by Harry Benson CBE[edit]

March 9, 2012 - October 7, 2012
World-renowned photographer Harry Benson was the only person to have private access to Bobby Fischer during the entire 1972 World Chess Championship match in Reykjavík, Iceland. Benson captured intimate images of this time with Fischer and was the first person to deliver the news to Fischer that he had won the match.

As the images in this exhibition show, Benson’s photography captures a side of the elusive and controversial chess genius that is rarely seen, and offers a window into the private world of the man Benson calls “the most eccentric and most fascinating person I have ever photographed.”

Screwed Moves[edit]

September 13, 2012 - February 10. 2013
Nine of Saint Louis’ most recognized artists — known as The Screwed Arts Collective — worked together over a two-week period (September 13–27) to spontaneously produce a one-of-a-kind, site-specific wall drawing inspired by chess.

The Screwed Arts Collective is made up of artists who are based in or have a connection to Saint Louis. They create collaboratively as well as have their individual studio art practices. In the collaborative process of creating wall drawings, the public is invited to observe and interact in that creative process. Members of the SAC who participated in this project include: Christopher Burch, Daniel Burnett, Stan Chisholm, Christopher Harris, Daniel Jefferson, Kris Mosby, Jason Spencer, Justin Tolentino, Bryan Walsh.

Everybody’s Game: Chess in Popular Culture[edit]

October 18, 2012 - April 14, 2013
Everybody’s Game: Chess in Popular Culture takes a playful look at how the ancient sport is represented in our contemporary culture by showcasing the game of chess as it has been featured in such mass media as magazine advertisements, rock music and movie posters, and other popular venues. These examples demonstrate that while chess is a serious game, there is more to it than just the competition—chess is everybody’s game.

Power in Check: Chess and the American Presidency[edit]

October 18, 2012 - April 21, 2013
Chess has influenced the American presidency since the administration of George Washington. While a game replete with Kings and Queens might at first seem antithetical to democratic leadership, commanders-in-chief have continually appreciated chess’ practical benefits and cultural significance, playing to escape the pressures of a stressful job, hosting successful players from around the world, and utilizing the game as a metaphor for larger national and international issues. Through the study of their personal possessions, correspondence, and memorabilia, discover how the so-called “Royal Game” has fascinated American presidents for over two hundred years.

Bill Smith: Beyond the Humanities[edit]

March 7, 2013 - September 15, 2013
Bill Smith’s art emerges from an analysis of our increasingly technologically advanced society and our shrinking natural world. With a background in sculpture, microbiology, chemistry, and mechanics, Smith creates art inspired by disciplines outside of the humanities where the aesthetic beauty of Smith’s creations is a byproduct of his process. By understanding the way nature works on a microcosmic level, he mimics nature’s growth characteristics and inherent beauty. Smith sees the celebration of the human condition as being overrepresented in contemporary art and believes that, by focusing on the universe at large, art can attain a broader significance.

Beyond the Humanities explores how rules guide the creation of our world’s structure and behavior. Rules are basic to existence and are the foundation from which complexity grows and beauty is manifested. Through this collection of sculptures and videos, Smith challenges the viewers to ponder their future and experience nature’s complexity by looking at its patterns and interactions.

In order to highlight the intersection of art, chess, and nature, Smith uses art to show the underlying similarities of all things. His videos and constructions give a holistic view of the world by presenting the ubiquitous patterns and interactions common to music, games, technology, animals, molecules, and the galaxy.

Prized and Played: Highlights from the Jon Crumiller Collection[edit]

May 3, 2013 - September 15, 2013
Prized and Played showcases over eighty beautiful, antique chess sets from across the centuries and around the world, as well as many interesting artifacts related to the history of chess.

A Queen Within: Adorned Archetypes, Fashion and Chess[edit]

October 19, 2013 - April 18, 2014

In the game of chess, the queen is considered the most powerful, and often, the most unpredictable piece. A queen, both in chess and as an archetype, embodies tradition, yet possesses the creative freedom to redefine the rules established by a patriarchal system. A Queen Within: Adorned Archetypes, Fashion and Chess is an exhibition exploring the archetypes of a queen. Works from radical and experimental designers will be used to highlight the queen archetypes in fashion and identify relationships with the cultural collective unconscious and traditions of storytelling.

Evolving from the weakest to the strongest piece, the queen wields exceptional power in chess. It is thought that this privileging of the queen on the board is an indication of her increasingly powerful status in medieval and early modern European society. In A Queen Within, Jungian archetypes and archetypal patterns in literature, film, fashion photography and folktales will be used to examine the relationships between power, risk-taking, as well as feminine roles in queen archetypes and the representations of those roles in the designers’ works.

Jacqueline Piatigorsky: Patron, Player, Pioneer[edit]

October 25, 2013 - April 18, 2014, extended to July 13, 2014

Exhibition Preview: September 4–15, 2013

Jacqueline Piatigorsky’s position as one of the best female chess players of the 1950s and 1960s, as well as her support of the game as a patron, has cemented her reputation as one of the most important women in the American chess world in the twentieth century. World Chess Hall of Fame presents Jacqueline Piatigorsky: Patron, Player, Pioneer, an exhibition about the fascinating life of Jacqueline Piatigorsky, featuring artifacts from her personal archive. Highlights include the Piatigorsky Cup, photos from the 1963 and 1966 Piatigorsky Cup tournaments, and artifacts and photos related to Jacqueline’s impressive career in women’s chess. These artifacts are part of the permanent collection of the World Chess Hall of Fame, and are part of a generous and important donation by the Piatigorsky family. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Dondis, Harold; Patrick Wolff (14 June 2010). "The Chess Hall of Fame is saved". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 24 July 2010. 
  2. ^ Harold Dondis, Harold; Patrick Wolff (17 September 2001). "Chess Notes". Boston Globe (Boston, Massachusetts). p. D6. Retrieved 25 July 2010. 
  3. ^ Hill, Michael (9 April 1991). "Sparking Interest: Chess Hall of Fame celebrates game's longevity". The Item (New Windsor, New York). p. 6A. Retrieved 24 July 2010. 
  4. ^ a b Danilov, Victor J. (1997). Hall of Fame Museums: A Reference Guide. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press. p. 104. ISBN 0-313-30000-3. 
  5. ^ Kurzdorfer, Peter (2003). The Everything Chess Basics Book. Avon, Massachusetts: Adams Media. p. viii. ISBN 158062586X. 

External links[edit]