World Federation of the Deaf

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"WFD" redirects here. For other uses, see WFD (disambiguation).
World Federation of the Deaf
WFD-Logo.jpg
Formation 1951; 63 years ago (1951)[1]
Type INGO[1]
Purpose Human, Civil, and Linguistic rights of Deaf people.
Headquarters Helsinki, Finland
Location Light House, Ilkantie 4
Haaga, Helsinki, Finland
Coordinates 60°13′18″N 24°54′10″E / 60.221728°N 24.902643°E / 60.221728; 24.902643
Region served
International
Membership 70 million
President
Colin Allen
Vice President
Wilma Newhoudt-Druchen
Main organ
Board
Website wfdeaf.org

The World Federation of the Deaf (WFD) is an international non-governmental organization that acts as a peak body for national associations of Deaf people, with a focus on Deaf people who use sign language and their family and friends. WFD aims to promote the Human Rights of Deaf people worldwide, by working closely with the United Nations (with which it has consultative status) and various UN agencies such as the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the World Health Organization (WHO).[2] WFD is also a member of the International Disability Alliance (IDA).

The current 11 board members are all deaf. The offices are located in Helsinki, Finland.

Status[edit]

WFD has B-category status with the United Nations and is represented on the following groups:[3]

WFD provides expert advice on Deaf issues in its relationship with other international organisations and professional groups.

The legal seat of WFD is in Helsinki, Finland.[1]

Aims and objectives[edit]

At present, emphasis is placed on the following areas:[3]

  1. Improve the status of national sign languages,[3][4]
  2. Better education for Deaf people,[5]
  3. Improve access to information and services[3]
  4. Improve human rights for Deaf people in developing countries[3][5][6][7]
  5. Promote the establishment of Deaf organisations where none currently exist[3]

Constituency[edit]

The WFD claims to represent 70 million deaf people worldwide, of which more than 80 percent live in developing countries. This is done mainly through membership of national deaf organisations, where such organisations exist. As of February 2009, 130 national associations are members. Associate members, international members and individual members also make up WFD’s membership base.

List of member associations (as of July 2014):[8]

Associations Country
Afghanistan National Association of the Deaf  Afghanistan
Albanian National Association of the Deaf (ANAD)  Albania
Fédération Nationale des Sourds d’Algérie (FNSA)  Algeria
Confederación Argentina de Sordomudos  Argentina
Armenian Deaf Society  Armenia
Deaf Australia  Australia
Österreichischer Gehörlosenbund  Austria
Azerbaijan Deaf Public Union  Azerbaijan
Bangladesh National Federation of the Deaf (BNFD)  Bangladesh
Byelorussian Society of the Deaf  Belarus Belarus
Belgian Federation of Flemish Deaf Organisations (FEVLADO)
Federation Francophone des Sourds de Belgique (FFSB)
 Belgium
Association Nationale des Sourds du Benin  Benin
Federación Boliviana de Sordos  Bolivia
Association of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing  Bosnia/Herzegovina
Botswana Association of the Deaf (BAOD)  Botswana
Federação Nacional de Educação e Integração dos Surdos (FENEIS)  Brazil
Union of the Deaf in Bulgaria  Bulgaria
Union Nationale des Associations des Deficients Auditifs du Burkina  Burkina Faso
Association Nationale des Sourds du Burundi  Burundi
Association Nationale Des Sourds du Cameroon  Cameroon
Canadian Association of the Deaf (CAD)  Canada
Chadian National Association of the Hearing Impaired (ANDAT)  Chad
Asociación de Sordos de Chile (ASOCH)  Chile
China Association of the Deaf  China
Federación Nacional de Sordos de Colombia (FENASCOL)  Colombia
Association Nationale des Sourds du Congo (ANSCO)  Democratic Republic of Congo
Association Nationale des Sourds et Deficients Auditifs du Congo  Republic of Congo
Asociación Nacional de Sordos de Costa Rica (ANASCOR)  Costa Rica
Association Nationale des Sourds de Cote d'Ivoire (ANASOCI)  Côte d'Ivoire
Croatian Association of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing  Croatia
Asociación Nacional de Sordos de Cuba (ANSOC)  Cuba
Cyprus Deaf Federation  Cyprus
Union of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing in the Czech Republic  Czech Republic
Danske Døves Landsforbund  Denmark
Asociación Nacional de Sordos de la Republica Dominicana (ANSORDO)  Dominican Republic
Federación Nacional de Sordos de Ecuador (FENESEC)  Ecuador
Asociación Salvadoreña de Sordos (ASS)  El Salvador
National Deaf Association of Eritrea  Eritrea
Estonian Association of the Deaf (Eesti Kurtide Liit)  Estonia
Ethiopian National Association of the Deaf (ENAD)  Ethiopia
Fiji Association of the Deaf  Fiji
The Finnish Association of the Deaf (FAD)  Finland
Fédération Nationale des Sourds de France (FNSF)  France
Gambia Association of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing (GADHOH)  Gambia
Union of the Deaf of Georgia  Georgia (country)
Deutscher Gehörlosen-Bund e.V.  Germany
Ghana National Association of the Deaf  Ghana
Hellenic Federation of the Deaf  Greece
Asociación de Sordos de Guatemala (ASORGUA)  Guatemala
Association Guinéenne des Sourds (A.G.S.)  Republic of Guinea
Asociación Nacional de Sordos de Honduras  Honduras
Hong Kong Association of the Deaf  Hong Kong
Hungarian Association of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing (SINOSZ)  Hungary
Felag heyrnarlausra  Iceland
All India Federation of the Deaf  India
Indonesian Association for the Welfare of the Deaf (IAWD)  Indonesia
Iranian National Center of the Deaf  Iran
Irish Deaf Society (IDS)  Ireland
The Association of the Deaf in Israel  Israel
Ente Nazionale Sordi (ENS)  Italy
Japanese Federation of the Deaf (JFD)  Japan
Kazakhstan Society of the Deaf  Kazakhstan
Kenya National Association of the Deaf (KNAD)  Kenya
Korean Association of the Deaf  South Korea
Kuwait Club for the Deaf  Kuwait
Latvian Association of the Deaf  Latvia
Association de L'Oeuvre des Sourds-Muets au Liban  Lebanon
National Association of the Deaf Lesotho  Lesotho
Liberia National Association of the Deaf, Inc  Liberia
Libyan General Federation of Deaf Societies (LGFDS)  Libya
Lithuanian Deaf Association  Lithuania
Macau Deaf Association  Macau
Association of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing of Macedonija (SGNM)  Macedonia
Federation of the Deaf in Madagascar (FMM)  Madagascar
Malawi National Association of the Deaf (MANAD)  Malawi
Malaysia Federation of the Deaf (MFD)  Malaysia
Mali Association of the Deaf (A.MA.Sourds)  Mali
Deaf People Association  Malta
Federación Mexicana de Sordos (FEMESOR)  Mexico
Association of the Deaf of Republic Moldova  Moldova
Mongolian Association of the Deaf  Mongolia
Fédération Nationale des Sourds du Maroc  Morocco
Association of the Deaf in Mozambique  Mozambique
Namibian National Association of the Deaf (NNAD)  Namibia
Nepal Deaf Federation (NDFN)    Nepal
Dovenschap  Netherlands
Deaf Aotearoa New Zealand (DANZ)  New Zealand
Asociación Nacional de Sordos de Nicaragua (ANSNIC)  Nicaragua
Association des Sourds du Niger  Niger
Nigeria National Association of the Deaf  Nigeria
Norges Döveforbund  Norway
Pakistan Association of the Deaf (PAD)  Pakistan
Asociación Nacional de Sordos de Panamá (ANSPA)  Panama
Centro de Sordos del Paraguay  Paraguay
Asociacion de Sordos del Perú (ASP)  Perú
Philippine Federation of the Deaf, Inc (PFD)  Philippines
Polski ZwiĄzek GŁuchych
Polish Association of the Deaf
 Poland
Federacão Portuguesa das Associacões de Surdos (FPAS)  Portugal
The Qatari Center of Social Cultural for the Deaf  Qatar
Asociatia Nationalá a Suzilor din Romania  Romania
All-Russian Society of the Deaf  Russia
Rwanda National Union of the Deaf (RNUD)  Rwanda
Association Nationale des Sourds du Senegal  Senegal
Savez Gluvih I Nagluvih Srbije I Crne Gore (SGNSCG)  Serbia
Sierra Leone Association of the Deaf  Sierra Leone
The Singapore Association for the Deaf  Singapore
Slovak Association of the Deaf
Asociácia Nepoćyjủcich Slovenska (ANEPS)
 Slovak Republic
Zvesa društev gluhih in naglušnih Slovenije (ZGNS)  Slovenia
Somali National Association of the Deaf  Somalia
Deaf Federation of South Africa (DEAFSA)  South Africa
Confederación Estatal de Personas Sordas (CNSE)  Spain
Sri Lanka Central Federation of the Deaf (CFD)  Sri Lanka
Sudanese National Society for the Deaf  Sudan
Swaziland National Association of the Deaf  Swaziland
Swedish National Association of the Deaf (SDR)  Sweden
Schweizerischer Gehörlosenbund, Fédération Suisse des Sourds (SGB-FSS)   Switzerland
Syrian Federation of Societies for the Welfare of the Deaf  Syria
Tajik Society of the Deaf  Tajikistan
Tanzania Association of the Deaf  Tanzania
National Association of the Deaf in Thailand (NADT)  Thailand
Association des Sourds du Togo  Togo
Association Voix du Sourd de Tunisie  Tunisia
Turkish National Federation of the Deaf  Turkey
Uganda National Association of the Deaf (UNAD)  Uganda
Ukrainian Society of the Deaf (USD)  Ukraine
British Deaf Association (BDA)  United Kingdom
National Association of the Deaf (NAD)  United States of America
Asociación de Sordos del Uruguay  Uruguay
Uzbek Society of the Deaf  Uzbekistan
Federación Venezolana de Sordos (FEVENSOR)  Venezuela
Zambia National Association of the Deaf  Zambia
Zimbabwe National Association of the Deaf (ZIMNAD)  Zimbabwe

History[edit]

The WFD was established in September 1951 in Rome, Italy, at the first World Deaf Congress, under the auspices of Ente Nazionale Sordomuti (ENS), the Italian Deaf Association.[3] The first president of WFD was Professor Vittorio Ieralla, who was also, at that time, president of the ENS. The congress was attended by representatives from 25 countries.

World Congress[edit]

The World Congress of the World Federation of the Deaf has been held every four years since 1951. Organised by the WFD and the host country, this event is attended by thousands of Deaf people from all over the world. As well as convening the General Assembly (the highest decision-making body of the WFD) and forming the guidelines for the next four years of its work, the congress holds a large cultural program including theatre performances, cinema, exhibitions, performing arts, visits to local places of interest.[9]

Number Year Month/Dates Location Theme
1 (I) 1951 September 21 Rome, Italy (no theme)
2 (II) 1955 Zagreb, Yugoslavia (no theme)
3 (III) 1959 August 22–26 Wiesbaden, Federal Republic of Germany (no theme)
4 (IV) 1963 August 17–21 Stockholm, Sweden (no theme)
5 (V) 1967 August 10–17 Warsaw, Poland The Deaf Among Hearing Persons
6 (VI) 1971 July 31 - August 5 Paris, France The Deaf Person in the World in Evolution
7 (VII) 1975 July 31 - August 8 Washington, D.C., United States of America Full Citizenship for All Deaf People
8 (VIII) 1979 Varna, Bulgaria The Deaf People in Modern Society
9 (IX) 1983 Palermo, Italy Deafness Today & Tomorrow: Reality & Utopia
10 (X) 1987 July 20–28 Espoo (Helsinki), Finland One World - One Responsibility
11 (XI) 1991 July Tokyo, Japan Equality and Self-Reliance
12 (XII) 1995 July 6–15 Vienna, Austria Towards Human Rights
13 (XIII) 1999 July 25–31 Brisbane, Australia Diversity and Unity
14 (XIV) 2003 July 18–26 Montréal, Canada Opportunities and Challenges in the 21st Century
15 (XV) 2007 July 16–22 Madrid, Spain Human Rights through Sign Languages
16 (XVI) 2011 July 18–24 Durban, South Africa Global Deaf Renaissance (http://www.wfd2011.com/)
17 (XVII) 2015 July 28 - August 2 Istanbul, Turkey Strengthening Human Diversity (http://www.wfdcongress2015.org/)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "FAQ". World Federation of the Deaf. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "World federation of the Deaf's entry on the website of the United Nations". Retrieved 9 September 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Mission and objectives". World Federation of the Deaf. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Fact Sheet". World Federation of the Deaf. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Policy – Education rights for Deaf children". World Federation of the Deaf. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "Policy – Work Done by Member Organisations in Developing Countries". World Federation of the Deaf. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "Policy – WFD Work in Developing Countries". World Federation of the Deaf. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  8. ^ http://wfdeaf.org/membership/ordinary-members/list-of-members
  9. ^ "World Congress". World Federation of the Deaf. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 

External links[edit]