World Figure Skating Championships

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The World Figure Skating Championships ("Worlds") is an annual figure skating competition sanctioned by the International Skating Union. Medals are awarded in the categories of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dancing. Generally held in March, the World Championships are considered the most prestigious of the ISU Championships, which also include the European Championships, the Four Continents Championships, and the World Junior Championships. With the exception of the Olympic title, a world title is considered to be the highest competitive achievement in figure skating.

The corresponding competition for junior-level skaters is the World Junior Championships. The corresponding competition for senior-level synchronized skating is the World Synchronized Skating Championships and for junior level the World Junior Synchronized Skating Championships.

History[edit]

The Internationale Eislauf-Vereingung (International Skating Union) formed in 1892 to govern international competition in speed and figure skating. The first Championship, known as the Championship of the Internationale Eislauf-Vereingung, was held in Saint Petersburg in 1896. The event had four competitors and was won by Gilbert Fuchs.[1]

The championships were presumed all-male since competitive skating was generally viewed as a male sport, however there were no specific rules regarding the gender of competitors. In 1902 Madge Syers entered the championships, and won the silver medal.[2] The 1903 ISU Congress considered gender issues but passed no new rules. The 1905 Congress established a second class (ISU Championships rather than World Championships) ladies competition. Winners were to be known as ISU, not World Champions. Men's and Ladies events were normally held separately. The first ladies competition was in 1906 and held in Davos,[2] won by Syers.

The first pairs competition was held in St. Petersburg in 1908,[3] even though in some countries pairs competition was illegal and considered indecent. One such country was Japan, which had applied for the Winter Olympics in 1940.[citation needed] Early championships for both ladies and pairs, previously titled merely as the ISU Championships, were retrospectively given World Championship status in 1924.[3]

In the early years judges were invited by the host country and were often local. At the 1927 ladies' event held in Oslo, three of the five judges were Norwegian. The three Norwegian judges gave first place to Norwegian competitor Sonja Henie, while the Austrian and German judges placed defending champion Herma Szabo first. The controversial result stood, giving Henie her first world title; however following the controversy the ISU introduced a rule allowing no more than one judge per country on the panel.[4]

The 1930 championships in New York City combined all three competitions into one event for the first time, and was also the first championships to be held outside Europe.[3] Ice dancing entered the program officially in 1952,[3] after having been an unofficial part of the championships since 1936.[citation needed]

In 1960, the number of participants per country was limited to a maximum of three per discipline.

Compulsory figures were removed from the World Championships in 1991.

The 6.0 system was used for judging until the 2004 championships, and the ISU Judging System was used from the 2005 edition onwards.

In the years of the Winter Olympics during the last few decades, when the World Championships are held around a month after the Olympic Games, there have been cases of the large proportion of Olympic medalists not attending. Reasons for forgoing the post-Olympics Worlds have included skaters needing rest for physical and mental exhaustion, and/or Olympic medalists wanting to go professional to cash in on their Games success. The ISU has begun discussing lengthening the time between the Games and the Worlds.[5]

Cancellations[edit]

The World Figure Skating Championships have been cancelled 15 times in its history: from 1915–1921 due to World War I, from 1940–1946 due to World War II, and in 1961 as a result of the loss of the entire American team in the crash of Sabena Flight 548.

The 2011 Championships, originally slated to be held in Tokyo, were initially considered for cancellation following the 2011 Japan earthquake, but were instead moved to Moscow.

Eligibility and qualifying[edit]

Since 1996,[6] skaters must be at least fifteen before July 1 of the previous year. Thus, to compete at the 2010 Worlds, skaters had to be 15 or older before July 1, 2009. A skater must turn 15 before it becomes July 1 in their place of birth – even an hour later is not accepted by the ISU.[7] The World Junior Championships is the corresponding competition for skaters aged 13 to 19 (or up to 21 for male pair skaters and ice dancers) who are not old enough for senior Worlds or do not qualify. For a few years after the introduction of the 1996 age rules, a loophole existed for underage skaters who had medaled at Junior Worlds.[8] The loophole was eventually eliminated. A few who had not medaled at Junior Worlds but had competed at senior Worlds before the introduction of the rules, such as Tara Lipinski of the United States, were allowed to continue competing in senior Worlds due to the Grandfather clause.

Since 2010, skaters must achieve minimum technical elements scores (TES) in the short and free programs at a prior international event in the ongoing or preceding season.[9] The short and free scores may be attained at different international events. After an ISU congress voted to eliminate the qualifying rounds, the TES minimums were raised for the 2013 World Championships.

Competitors are entered by country. Each member nation of the International Skating Union is allowed one to three entries in each discipline based on the nation's performance at the previous championship. Member nations select their entries according to their own criteria. Some countries rely on the results of their national championships while others have more varied criteria, which may include success at certain international events or specific technical requirements. All of the selected skaters must meet the ISU's age and TES requirements.

Because of the large number of entries at the World Championships, for some years the event included qualifying rounds for men and ladies. After the 2006 championships in Calgary, Canada, the ISU Congress voted to eliminate the qualifying round. It was later reintroduced and then eliminated again after the 2012 World Championships. After the short program, the top 24 single skaters and top 20 pairs advance to the free skate. In ice dance, the top 30 teams in the compulsory dance advanced to the original dance, and the top 24 after that segment advanced to the free dance.

Countries earn a second or third entry for the following year's competition by earning points through skater placement. The points are equal to the sum of the placements of the country's skaters (top two if they have three). Entries do not carry over and so countries must continue to earn their second or third spot every year. If a country only has one skater/team, that skater/team must place in the top ten to earn a second entry and in the top two to earn three entries to next year's championships. If a country has two skaters/teams, the combined placement of those teams must be 13 or fewer to qualify 3 entries, and 28 or fewer to keep their two entries. If they do not do so, they only have one entry for the following year.

Number of skaters/teams To earn 3 entries To earn 2 entries
1 Place in the top 2 Place in the top 10
2 Total placements is equal to or less than 13 Total placements is equal to or less than 28
3 Top two placements is equal to or less than 13 Top two placements is equal to or less than 28

There are exceptions if a skater is forced to withdraw in the middle of the competition due to a medical emergency or equipment problems.

Medalists[edit]

Men[edit]

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Russian Empire St. Petersburg German Empire Gilbert Fuchs Austria Gustav Hügel Russia Georg Sanders
1897 Sweden Stockholm Austria Gustav Hügel Sweden Ulrich Salchow Norway Johan Lefstad
1898 United Kingdom London Sweden Henning Grenander Austria Gustav Hügel German Empire Gilbert Fuchs
1899 Switzerland Davos Austria Gustav Hügel Sweden Ulrich Salchow United Kingdom Edgar Syers
1900 Switzerland Davos Austria Gustav Hügel Sweden Ulrich Salchow no other competitors
1901 Sweden Stockholm Sweden Ulrich Salchow German Empire Gilbert Fuchs no other competitors
1902 United Kingdom London Sweden Ulrich Salchow United Kingdom Madge Syers (Woman) German Empire Martin Gordan
1903 Russia St. Petersburg Sweden Ulrich Salchow Russia Nicolai Panin Kolomenkin Austria Max Bohatsch
1904 Germany Berlin Sweden Ulrich Salchow German Empire Heinrich Burger German Empire Martin Gordan
1905 Sweden Stockholm Sweden Ulrich Salchow Austria Max Bohatsch Sweden Per Thorén
1906 Germany Munich German Empire Gilbert Fuchs German Empire Heinrich Burger Sweden Bror Meyer
1907 Austria-Hungary Vienna Sweden Ulrich Salchow Austria Max Bohatsch German Empire Gilbert Fuchs
1908 Austria-Hungary Troppau Sweden Ulrich Salchow German Empire Gilbert Fuchs German Empire Heinrich Burger
1909 Sweden Stockholm Sweden Ulrich Salchow Sweden Per Thorén Austria Ernest Herz
1910 Switzerland Davos Sweden Ulrich Salchow German Empire Werner Rittberger Hungary Andor Szende
1911 German Empire Berlin Sweden Ulrich Salchow German Empire Werner Rittberger Austria Fritz Kachler
1912 United Kingdom Manchester Austria Fritz Kachler German Empire Werner Rittberger Hungary Andor Szende
1913 Austria-Hungary Vienna Austria Fritz Kachler Austria Willy Böckl Hungary Andor Szende
1914 Russian Empire Helsinki Sweden Gösta Sandahl Austria Fritz Kachler Austria Willy Böckl
1915–
1921
Not held because of World War I
1922 Sweden Stockholm Sweden Gillis Grafström Austria Fritz Kachler Austria Willy Böckl
1923 Austria Vienna Austria Fritz Kachler Austria Willy Böckl Sweden Gösta Sandahl
1924 United Kingdom Manchester Sweden Gillis Grafström Austria Willy Böckl Austria Ernst Oppacher
1925 Austria Vienna Austria Willy Böckl Austria Fritz Kachler Austria Otto Preißecker
1926 Weimar Republic Berlin Austria Willy Böckl Austria Otto Preißecker United Kingdom John Page
1927 Switzerland Davos Austria Willy Böckl Austria Otto Preißecker Austria Karl Schäfer
1928 Weimar Republic Berlin Austria Willy Böckl Austria Karl Schäfer Austria Hugo Distler
1929 United Kingdom London Sweden Gillis Grafström Austria Karl Schäfer Austria Ludwig Wrede
1930 United States New York City Austria Karl Schäfer United States Roger Turner Switzerland Georges Gautschi
1931 Weimar Republic Berlin Austria Karl Schäfer United States Roger Turner Germany Ernst Baier
1932 Canada Montreal Austria Karl Schäfer Canada Montgomery Wilson Germany Ernst Baier
1933 Switzerland Zürich Austria Karl Schäfer Germany Ernst Baier Finland Marcus Nikkanen
1934 Sweden Stockholm Austria Karl Schäfer Germany Ernst Baier Austria Erich Erdös
1935 Hungary Budapest Austria Karl Schäfer United Kingdom Jack Dunn Hungary Dénes Pataky
1936 France Paris Austria Karl Schäfer United Kingdom Graham Sharp Austria Felix Kaspar
1937 Austria Vienna Austria Felix Kaspar United Kingdom Graham Sharp Hungary Elemér Terták
1938 Germany Berlin Austria Felix Kaspar United Kingdom Graham Sharp Austria Herbert Alward
1939 Hungary Budapest United Kingdom Graham Sharp United Kingdom Freddie Tomlins Germany Horst Faber
1940–
1946
Not held because of World War II
1947 Sweden Stockholm Switzerland Hans Gerschwiler United States Dick Button United Kingdom Arthur Apfel
1948 Switzerland Davos United States Dick Button Switzerland Hans Gerschwiler Hungary Ede Király
1949 France Paris United States Dick Button Hungary Ede Király Austria Edi Rada
1950 United Kingdom London United States Dick Button Hungary Ede Király United States Hayes Alan Jenkins
1951 Italy Milan United States Dick Button United States James Grogan Austria Helmut Seibt
1952 France Paris United States Dick Button United States James Grogan United States Hayes Alan Jenkins
1953 Switzerland Davos United States Hayes Alan Jenkins United States James Grogan Italy Carlo Fassi
1954 Norway Oslo United States Hayes Alan Jenkins United States James Grogan France Alain Giletti
1955 Austria Vienna United States Hayes Alan Jenkins United States Ronnie Robertson United States David Jenkins
1956 West Germany Garmisch-Partenkirchen United States Hayes Alan Jenkins United States Ronnie Robertson United States David Jenkins
1957 United States Colorado Springs United States David Jenkins United States Tim Brown Canada Charles Snelling
1958 France Paris United States David Jenkins United States Tim Brown France Alain Giletti
1959 United States Colorado Springs United States David Jenkins Canada Donald Jackson United States Tim Brown
1960 Canada Vancouver France Alain Giletti Canada Donald Jackson France Alain Calmat
1961 Event cancelled after the Sabena Flight 548 crash
1962 Czechoslovakia Prague Canada Donald Jackson Czechoslovakia Karol Divín France Alain Calmat
1963 Italy Cortina d'Ampezzo Canada Donald McPherson France Alain Calmat Germany Manfred Schnelldorfer
1964 West Germany Dortmund Germany Manfred Schnelldorfer France Alain Calmat Czechoslovakia Karol Divín
1965 United States Colorado Springs France Alain Calmat United States Scott Allen Canada Donald Knight
1966 Switzerland Davos Austria Emmerich Danzer Austria Wolfgang Schwarz United States Gary Visconti
1967 Austria Vienna Austria Emmerich Danzer Austria Wolfgang Schwarz United States Gary Visconti
1968 Switzerland Geneva Austria Emmerich Danzer United States Tim Wood France Patrick Péra
1969 United States Colorado Springs United States Tim Wood Czechoslovakia Ondrej Nepela France Patrick Péra
1970 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ljubljana United States Tim Wood Czechoslovakia Ondrej Nepela East Germany Günter Zöller
1971 France Lyon Czechoslovakia Ondrej Nepela France Patrick Péra Soviet Union Sergei Chetverukhin
1972 Canada Calgary Czechoslovakia Ondrej Nepela Soviet Union Sergei Chetverukhin Soviet Union Vladimir Kovalev
1973 Czechoslovakia Bratislava Czechoslovakia Ondrej Nepela Soviet Union Sergei Chetverukhin East Germany Jan Hoffmann
1974 West Germany Munich East Germany Jan Hoffmann Soviet Union Sergei Volkov Canada Toller Cranston
1975 United States Colorado Springs Soviet Union Sergei Volkov Soviet Union Vladimir Kovalev United Kingdom John Curry
1976 Sweden Gothenburg United Kingdom John Curry Soviet Union Vladimir Kovalev East Germany Jan Hoffmann
1977 Japan Tokyo Soviet Union Vladimir Kovalev East Germany Jan Hoffmann Japan Minoru Sano
1978 Canada Ottawa United States Charles Tickner East Germany Jan Hoffmann United Kingdom Robin Cousins
1979 Austria Vienna Soviet Union Vladimir Kovalev United Kingdom Robin Cousins East Germany Jan Hoffmann
1980 West Germany Dortmund East Germany Jan Hoffmann United Kingdom Robin Cousins United States Charles Tickner
1981 United States Hartford United States Scott Hamilton United States David Santee Soviet Union Igor Bobrin
1982 Denmark Copenhagen United States Scott Hamilton Germany Norbert Schramm Canada Brian Pockar
1983 Finland Helsinki United States Scott Hamilton Germany Norbert Schramm Canada Brian Orser
1984 Canada Ottawa United States Scott Hamilton Canada Brian Orser Soviet Union Alexander Fadeev
1985 Japan Tokyo Soviet Union Alexander Fadeev Canada Brian Orser United States Brian Boitano
1986 Switzerland Geneva United States Brian Boitano Canada Brian Orser Soviet Union Alexander Fadeev
1987 United States Cincinnati Canada Brian Orser United States Brian Boitano Soviet Union Alexander Fadeev
1988 Hungary Budapest United States Brian Boitano Canada Brian Orser Soviet Union Viktor Petrenko
1989 France Paris Canada Kurt Browning United States Christopher Bowman Poland Grzegorz Filipowski
1990 Canada Halifax Canada Kurt Browning Soviet Union Viktor Petrenko United States Christopher Bowman
1991 Germany Munich Canada Kurt Browning Soviet Union Viktor Petrenko United States Todd Eldredge
1992 United States Oakland Commonwealth of Independent States Viktor Petrenko Canada Kurt Browning Canada Elvis Stojko
1993 Czech Republic Prague Canada Kurt Browning Canada Elvis Stojko Russia Alexei Urmanov
1994 Japan Chiba Canada Elvis Stojko France Philippe Candeloro Ukraine Viacheslav Zagorodniuk
1995 United Kingdom Birmingham Canada Elvis Stojko United States Todd Eldredge France Philippe Candeloro
1996 Canada Edmonton United States Todd Eldredge Russia Ilia Kulik United States Rudy Galindo
1997 Switzerland Lausanne Canada Elvis Stojko United States Todd Eldredge Russia Alexei Yagudin
1998 United States Minneapolis Russia Alexei Yagudin United States Todd Eldredge Russia Evgeni Plushenko
1999 Finland Helsinki Russia Alexei Yagudin Russia Evgeni Plushenko United States Michael Weiss
2000 France Nice Russia Alexei Yagudin Canada Elvis Stojko United States Michael Weiss
2001 Canada Vancouver Russia Evgeni Plushenko Russia Alexei Yagudin United States Todd Eldredge
2002 Japan Nagano Russia Alexei Yagudin United States Timothy Goebel Japan Takeshi Honda
2003 United States Washington, D.C. Russia Evgeni Plushenko United States Timothy Goebel Japan Takeshi Honda
2004 Germany Dortmund Russia Evgeni Plushenko France Brian Joubert Germany Stefan Lindemann
2005 Russia Moscow Switzerland Stéphane Lambiel Canada Jeffrey Buttle United States Evan Lysacek
2006 Canada Calgary Switzerland Stéphane Lambiel France Brian Joubert United States Evan Lysacek
2007 Japan Tokyo France Brian Joubert Japan Daisuke Takahashi Switzerland Stéphane Lambiel
2008 Sweden Gothenburg Canada Jeffrey Buttle France Brian Joubert United States Johnny Weir
2009 United States Los Angeles United States Evan Lysacek Canada Patrick Chan France Brian Joubert
2010 Italy Turin Japan Daisuke Takahashi Canada Patrick Chan France Brian Joubert
2011 Russia Moscow Canada Patrick Chan Japan Takahiko Kozuka Russia Artur Gachinski
2012 France Nice Canada Patrick Chan Japan Daisuke Takahashi Japan Yuzuru Hanyu
2013 Canada London Canada Patrick Chan Kazakhstan Denis Ten Spain Javier Fernández
2014 Japan Saitama Japan Yuzuru Hanyu Japan Tatsuki Machida Spain Javier Fernández
2015 China Shanghai
2016 United States Boston

Ladies[edit]

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
1906 Switzerland Davos United Kingdom Madge Syers Austria Jenny Herz Hungary Lily Kronberger
1907 Austria-Hungary Vienna United Kingdom Madge Syers Austria Jenny Herz Hungary Lily Kronberger
1908 Austria-Hungary Troppau Hungary Lily Kronberger German Empire Elsa Rendschmidt no other competitors
1909 Austria-Hungary Budapest Hungary Lily Kronberger no other competitors
1910 German Empire Berlin Hungary Lily Kronberger German Empire Elsa Rendschmidt no other competitors
1911 Austria-Hungary Vienna Hungary Lily Kronberger Hungary Opika von Méray Horváth German Empire Ludowika Jakobsson-Eilers
1912 Switzerland Davos Hungary Opika von Méray Horváth United Kingdom Dorothy Greenhough-Smith United Kingdom Phyllis Johnson
1913 Sweden Stockholm Hungary Opika von Méray Horváth United Kingdom Phyllis Johnson Sweden Svea Norén
1914 Switzerland St. Moritz Hungary Opika von Méray Horváth Austria Angela Hanka United Kingdom Phyllis Johnson
1915–
1921
Not held because of World War I
1922 Sweden Stockholm Austria Herma Szabo Sweden Svea Norén Norway Margot Moe
1923 Austria Vienna Austria Herma Szabo Austria Gisela Reichmann Sweden Svea Norén
1924 Norway Oslo Austria Herma Szabo Germany Ellen Brockhöft United States Beatrix Loughran
1925 Switzerland Davos Austria Herma Szabo Germany Ellen Brockhöft Germany Elisabeth Böckel
1926 Sweden Stockholm Austria Herma Szabo Norway Sonja Henie United Kingdom Kathleen Shaw
1927 Norway Oslo Norway Sonja Henie Austria Herma Szabo Norway Karen Simensen
1928 United Kingdom London Norway Sonja Henie United States Maribel Vinson Austria Fritzi Burger
1929 Hungary Budapest Norway Sonja Henie Austria Fritzi Burger Austria Melitta Brunner
1930 United States New York City Norway Sonja Henie Canada Cecil Smith United States Maribel Vinson
1931 Germany Berlin Norway Sonja Henie Austria Hilde Holovsky Austria Fritzi Burger
1932 Canada Montreal Norway Sonja Henie Austria Fritzi Burger Canada Constance Wilson-Samuel
1933 Sweden Stockholm Norway Sonja Henie Sweden Vivi-Anne Hultén Austria Hilde Holovsky
1934 Norway Oslo Norway Sonja Henie United Kingdom Megan Taylor Austria Liselotte Landbeck
1935 Austria Vienna Norway Sonja Henie United Kingdom Cecilia Colledge Sweden Vivi-Anne Hultén
1936 France Paris Norway Sonja Henie United Kingdom Megan Taylor Sweden Vivi-Anne Hultén
1937 United Kingdom London United Kingdom Cecilia Colledge United Kingdom Megan Taylor Sweden Vivi-Anne Hultén
1938 Sweden Stockholm United Kingdom Megan Taylor United Kingdom Cecilia Colledge United States Hedy Stenuf
1939 Czechoslovakia Prague United Kingdom Megan Taylor United States Hedy Stenuf United Kingdom Daphne Walker
1940–
1946
Not held due to World War II
1947 Sweden Stockholm Canada Barbara Ann Scott United Kingdom Daphne Walker United States Gretchen Merrill
1948 Switzerland Davos Canada Barbara Ann Scott Austria Eva Pawlik Czechoslovakia Jiřína Nekolová
1949 France Paris Czechoslovakia Alena Vrzáňová United States Yvonne Sherman United Kingdom Jeannette Altwegg
1950 United Kingdom London Czechoslovakia Alena Vrzáňová United Kingdom Jeannette Altwegg United States Yvonne Sherman
1951 Italy Milan United Kingdom Jeannette Altwegg France Jacqueline du Bief United States Sonya Klopfer
1952 France Paris France Jacqueline du Bief United States Sonya Klopfer United States Virginia Baxter
1953 Switzerland Davos United States Tenley Albright West Germany Gundi Busch United Kingdom Valda Osborn
1954 Norway Oslo West Germany Gundi Busch United States Tenley Albright United Kingdom Erica Batchelor
1955 Austria Vienna United States Tenley Albright United States Carol Heiss Austria Hanna Eigel
1956 West Germany Garmisch-Partenkirchen United States Carol Heiss United States Tenley Albright Austria Ingrid Wendl
1957 United States Colorado Springs United States Carol Heiss Austria Hanna Eigel Austria Ingrid Wendl
1958 France Paris United States Carol Heiss Austria Ingrid Wendl Austria Hanna Walter
1959 United States Colorado Springs United States Carol Heiss Austria Hanna Walter Netherlands Sjoukje Dijkstra
1960 Canada Vancouver United States Carol Heiss Netherlands Sjoukje Dijkstra United States Barbara Ann Roles
1961 Event cancelled after the Sabena Flight 548 crash
1962 Czechoslovakia Prague Netherlands Sjoukje Dijkstra Canada Wendy Griner Austria Regine Heitzer
1963 Italy Cortina d'Ampezzo Netherlands Sjoukje Dijkstra Austria Regine Heitzer France Nicole Hassler
1964 West Germany Dortmund Netherlands Sjoukje Dijkstra Austria Regine Heitzer Canada Petra Burka
1965 United States Colorado Springs Canada Petra Burka Austria Regine Heitzer United States Peggy Fleming
1966 Switzerland Davos United States Peggy Fleming East Germany Gabriele Seyfert Canada Petra Burka
1967 Austria Vienna United States Peggy Fleming East Germany Gabriele Seyfert Czechoslovakia Hana Mašková
1968 Switzerland Geneva United States Peggy Fleming East Germany Gabriele Seyfert Czechoslovakia Hana Mašková
1969 United States Colorado Springs East Germany Gabriele Seyfert Austria Trixi Schuba Hungary Zsuzsa Almássy
1970 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ljubljana East Germany Gabriele Seyfert Austria Trixi Schuba United States Julie Lynn Holmes
1971 France Lyon Austria Trixi Schuba United States Julie Lynn Holmes Canada Karen Magnussen
1972 Canada Calgary Austria Trixi Schuba Canada Karen Magnussen United States Janet Lynn
1973 Czechoslovakia Bratislava Canada Karen Magnussen United States Janet Lynn East Germany Christine Errath
1974 West Germany Munich East Germany Christine Errath United States Dorothy Hamill Netherlands Dianne de Leeuw
1975 United States Colorado Springs Netherlands Dianne de Leeuw United States Dorothy Hamill East Germany Christine Errath
1976 Sweden Gothenburg United States Dorothy Hamill East Germany Christine Errath Netherlands Dianne de Leeuw
1977 Japan Tokyo United States Linda Fratianne East Germany Anett Pötzsch West Germany Dagmar Lurz
1978 Canada Ottawa East Germany Anett Pötzsch United States Linda Fratianne Italy Susanna Driano
1979 Austria Vienna United States Linda Fratianne East Germany Anett Pötzsch Japan Emi Watanabe
1980 West Germany Dortmund East Germany Anett Pötzsch West Germany Dagmar Lurz United States Linda Fratianne
1981 United States Hartford Switzerland Denise Biellmann United States Elaine Zayak Austria Claudia Kristofics-Binder
1982 Denmark Copenhagen United States Elaine Zayak East Germany Katarina Witt Austria Claudia Kristofics-Binder
1983 Finland Helsinki United States Rosalynn Sumners West Germany Claudia Leistner Soviet Union Elena Vodorezova
1984 Canada Ottawa East Germany Katarina Witt Soviet Union Anna Kondrashova United States Elaine Zayak
1985 Japan Tokyo East Germany Katarina Witt Soviet Union Kira Ivanova United States Tiffany Chin
1986 Switzerland Geneva United States Debi Thomas East Germany Katarina Witt United States Tiffany Chin
1987 United States Cincinnati East Germany Katarina Witt United States Debi Thomas United States Caryn Kadavy
1988 Hungary Budapest East Germany Katarina Witt Canada Elizabeth Manley United States Debi Thomas
1989 France Paris Japan Midori Ito West Germany Claudia Leistner United States Jill Trenary
1990 Canada Halifax United States Jill Trenary Japan Midori Ito United States Holly Cook
1991 Germany Munich United States Kristi Yamaguchi United States Tonya Harding United States Nancy Kerrigan
1992 United States Oakland United States Kristi Yamaguchi United States Nancy Kerrigan China Chen Lu
1993 Czech Republic Prague Ukraine Oksana Baiul France Surya Bonaly China Chen Lu
1994 Japan Chiba Japan Yuka Sato France Surya Bonaly Germany Tanja Szewczenko
1995 United Kingdom Birmingham China Chen Lu France Surya Bonaly United States Nicole Bobek
1996 Canada Edmonton United States Michelle Kwan China Chen Lu Russia Irina Slutskaya
1997 Switzerland Lausanne United States Tara Lipinski United States Michelle Kwan France Vanessa Gusmeroli
1998 United States Minneapolis United States Michelle Kwan Russia Irina Slutskaya Russia Maria Butyrskaya
1999 Finland Helsinki Russia Maria Butyrskaya United States Michelle Kwan Russia Julia Soldatova
2000 France Nice United States Michelle Kwan Russia Irina Slutskaya Russia Maria Butyrskaya
2001 Canada Vancouver United States Michelle Kwan Russia Irina Slutskaya United States Sarah Hughes
2002 Japan Nagano Russia Irina Slutskaya United States Michelle Kwan Japan Fumie Suguri
2003 United States Washington, D.C. United States Michelle Kwan Russia Elena Sokolova Japan Fumie Suguri
2004 Germany Dortmund Japan Shizuka Arakawa United States Sasha Cohen United States Michelle Kwan
2005 Russia Moscow Russia Irina Slutskaya United States Sasha Cohen Italy Carolina Kostner
2006 Canada Calgary United States Kimmie Meissner Japan Fumie Suguri United States Sasha Cohen
2007 Japan Tokyo Japan Miki Ando Japan Mao Asada South Korea Kim Yuna
2008 Sweden Gothenburg Japan Mao Asada Italy Carolina Kostner South Korea Kim Yuna
2009 United States Los Angeles South Korea Kim Yuna Canada Joannie Rochette Japan Miki Ando
2010 Italy Turin Japan Mao Asada South Korea Kim Yuna Finland Laura Lepistö
2011 Russia Moscow Japan Miki Ando South Korea Kim Yuna Italy Carolina Kostner
2012 France Nice Italy Carolina Kostner Russia Alena Leonova Japan Akiko Suzuki
2013 Canada London South Korea Kim Yuna Italy Carolina Kostner Japan Mao Asada
2014 Japan Saitama Japan Mao Asada Russia Yulia Lipnitskaya Italy Carolina Kostner
2015 China Shanghai
2016 United States Boston

Pairs[edit]

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
1908 Russia St. Petersburg German Empire Anna Hübler / Heinrich Burger United Kingdom Phyllis Johnson / James H. Johnson Russia Lidia Popova / A. L. Fischer
1909 Sweden Stockholm United Kingdom Phyllis Johnson / James H. Johnson Sweden Valborg Lindahl / Nils Rosenius Sweden Gertrud Ström / Richard Johansson
1910 German Empire Berlin German Empire Anna Hübler / Heinrich Burger German Empire Ludowika Eilers / Finland Walter Jakobsson United Kingdom Phyllis Johnson / James H. Johnson
1911 Austria-Hungary Vienna Finland Ludowika Jakobsson-Eilers / Walter Jakobsson no other competitors
1912 United Kingdom Manchester United Kingdom Phyllis Johnson / James H. Johnson Finland Ludowika Jakobsson-Eilers / Walter Jakobsson Norway Alexia Schøien / Yngvar Bryn
1913 Sweden Stockholm Austria Helene Engelmann / Karl Mejstrik Finland Ludowika Jakobsson-Eilers / Walter Jakobsson Austria Christa von Szabó / Leo Horwitz
1914 Switzerland St. Moritz Finland Ludowika Jakobsson-Eilers / Walter Jakobsson Austria Helene Engelmann / Karl Mejstrik Austria Christa von Szabó / Leo Horwitz
1915–
1921
Not held due to World War I
1922 Switzerland Davos Austria Helene Engelmann / Alfred Berger Finland Ludowika Jakobsson-Eilers / Walter Jakobsson Germany Margaret Metzner / Paul Metzner
1923 Norway Oslo Finland Ludowika Jakobsson-Eilers / Walter Jakobsson Norway Alexia Bryn-Schøien / Yngvar Bryn Sweden Elna Henrikson / Kaj af Ekström
1924 United Kingdom Manchester Austria Helene Engelmann / Alfred Berger United Kingdom Ethel Muckelt / John F. Page Sweden Elna Henrikson / Kaj af Ekström
1925 Austria Vienna Austria Herma Szabo / Ludwig Wrede France Andreé Joly-Brunet / Pierre Brunet Austria Lilly Scholz / Otto Kaiser
1926 Germany Berlin France Andreé Joly-Brunet / Pierre Brunet Austria Lilly Scholz / Otto Kaiser Austria Herma Szabo / Ludwig Wrede
1927 Austria Vienna Austria Herma Szabo / Ludwig Wrede Austria Lilly Scholz / Otto Kaiser Czechoslovakia Else Hoppe / Oscar Hoppe
1928 United Kingdom London France Andreé Joly-Brunet / Pierre Brunet Austria Lilly Scholz / Otto Kaiser Austria Melitta Brunner / Ludwig Wrede
1929 Hungary Budapest Austria Lilly Scholz / Otto Kaiser Austria Melitta Brunner / Ludwig Wrede Hungary Olga Orgonista / Sándor Szalay
1930 United States New York City France Andreé Joly-Brunet / Pierre Brunet Austria Melitta Brunner / Ludwig Wrede United States Beatrix Loughran / Sherwin Badger
1931 Germany Berlin Hungary Emília Rotter / László Szollás Hungary Olga Orgonista / Sándor Szalay Austria Idi Papez / Karl Zwack
1932 Canada Montreal France Andreé Joly-Brunet / Pierre Brunet Hungary Emília Rotter / László Szollás United States Beatrix Loughran / Sherwin Badger
1933 Sweden Stockholm Hungary Emília Rotter / László Szollás Austria Idi Papez / Karl Zwack Norway Randi Bakke-Gjertsen / Christen Christensen
1934 Finland Helsinki Hungary Emília Rotter / László Szollás Austria Idi Papez / Karl Zwack Germany Maxi Herber / Ernst Baier
1935 Hungary Budapest Hungary Emília Rotter / László Szollás Austria Ilse Pausin / Erich Pausin Hungary Lucy Gallo / Rezso Dillinger
1936 France Paris Germany Maxi Herber / Ernst Baier Austria Ilse Pausin / Erich Pausin United Kingdom Violet Cliff / Leslie Cliff
1937 United Kingdom London Nazi Germany Maxi Herber / Ernst Baier Austria Ilse Pausin / Erich Pausin United Kingdom Violet Cliff / Leslie Cliff
1938 Germany Berlin, Germany Germany Maxi Herber / Ernst Baier Austria Ilse Pausin / Erich Pausin Germany Ilse Koch / Gunther Noack
1939 Hungary Budapest Germany Maxi Herber / Ernst Baier Germany Ilse Pausin / Erich Pausin Germany Ilse Koch / Gunther Noack
1940–
1946
Not held due to World War II
1947 Sweden Stockholm Belgium Micheline Lannoy / Pierre Baugniet United States Karol Kennedy / Peter Kennedy Belgium Suzanne Diskeuve / Edmond Verbustel
1948 Switzerland Davos Belgium Micheline Lannoy / Pierre Baugniet Hungary Andrea Kékesy / Ede Király Canada Suzanne Morrow / Wallace Diestelmeyer
1949 France Paris Hungary Andrea Kékesy / Ede Király United States Karol Kennedy / Peter Kennedy United States Ann Davies / Carleton Hoffner
1950 United Kingdom London United States Karol Kennedy / Peter Kennedy United Kingdom Jennifer Nicks / John Nicks Hungary Marianna Nagy / László Nagy
1951 Italy Milan West Germany Ria Baran / Paul Falk United States Karol Kennedy / Peter Kennedy United Kingdom Jennifer Nicks / John Nicks
1952 France Paris West Germany Ria Baran / Paul Falk United States Karol Kennedy / Peter Kennedy United Kingdom Jennifer Nicks / John Nicks
1953 Switzerland Davos United Kingdom Jennifer Nicks / John Nicks Canada Frances Dafoe / Norris Bowden Hungary Marianna Nagy / László Nagy
1954 Norway Oslo Canada Frances Dafoe / Norris Bowden Switzerland Silvia Grandjean / Michel Grandjean Austria Sissy Schwarz / Kurt Oppelt
1955 Austria Vienna Canada Frances Dafoe / Norris Bowden Austria Sissy Schwarz / Kurt Oppelt Hungary Marianna Nagy / László Nagy
1956 West Germany Garmisch-Partenkirchen Austria Sissy Schwarz / Kurt Oppelt Canada Frances Dafoe / Norris Bowden West Germany Marika Kilius / Franz Ningel
1957 United States Colorado Springs Canada Barbara Wagner / Robert Paul West Germany Marika Kilius / Franz Ningel Canada Maria Jelinek / Otto Jelinek
1958 France Paris Canada Barbara Wagner / Robert Paul Czechoslovakia Věra Suchánková / Zdeněk Doležal Canada Maria Jelinek / Otto Jelinek
1959 United States Colorado Springs Canada Barbara Wagner / Robert Paul West Germany Marika Kilius / Hans-Jürgen Bäumler United States Nancy Ludington / Ronald Ludington
1960 Canada Vancouver Canada Barbara Wagner / Robert Paul Canada Maria Jelinek / Otto Jelinek West Germany Marika Kilius / Hans-Jürgen Bäumler
1961 Event cancelled after the Sabena Flight 548 crash
1962 Czechoslovakia Prague Canada Maria Jelinek / Otto Jelinek Soviet Union Liudmila Belousova / Oleg Protopopov West Germany Margret Göbl / Franz Ningel
1963 Italy Cortina d'Ampezzo West Germany Marika Kilius / Hans-Jürgen Bäumler Soviet Union Liudmila Belousova / Oleg Protopopov Soviet Union Tatiana Zhuk / Alexander Gavrilov
1964 West Germany Dortmund West Germany Marika Kilius / Hans-Jürgen Bäumler Soviet Union Liudmila Belousova / Oleg Protopopov Canada Debbi Wilkes / Guy Revell
1965 United States Colorado Springs Soviet Union Liudmila Belousova / Oleg Protopopov United States Vivian Joseph / Ronald Joseph Soviet Union Tatiana Zhuk / Alexander Gorelik
1966 Switzerland Davos Soviet Union Liudmila Belousova / Oleg Protopopov Soviet Union Tatiana Zhuk / Alexander Gorelik United States Cynthia Kauffman / Ronald Kauffman
1967 Austria Vienna Soviet Union Liudmila Belousova / Oleg Protopopov West Germany Margot Glockshuber / Wolfgang Danne United States Cynthia Kauffman / Ronald Kauffman
1968 Switzerland Geneva Soviet Union Liudmila Belousova / Oleg Protopopov Soviet Union Tatiana Zhuk / Alexander Gorelik United States Cynthia Kauffman / Ronald Kauffman
1969 United States Colorado Springs Soviet Union Irina Rodnina / Alexei Ulanov Soviet Union Tamara Moskvina / Alexei Mishin Soviet Union Liudmila Belousova / Oleg Protopopov
1970 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ljubljana Soviet Union Irina Rodnina / Alexei Ulanov Soviet Union Liudmila Smirnova / Andrei Suraikin East Germany Heidemarie Steiner / Heinz-Ulrich Walther
1971 France Lyon Soviet Union Irina Rodnina / Alexei Ulanov Soviet Union Liudmila Smirnova / Andrei Suraikin United States JoJo Starbuck / Kenneth Shelley
1972 Canada Calgary Soviet Union Irina Rodnina / Alexei Ulanov Soviet Union Liudmila Smirnova / Andrei Suraikin United States JoJo Starbuck / Kenneth Shelley
1973 Czechoslovakia Bratislava Soviet Union Irina Rodnina / Alexander Zaitsev Soviet Union Liudmila Smirnova / Alexei Ulanov East Germany Manuela Groß / Uwe Kagelmann
1974 West Germany Munich Soviet Union Irina Rodnina / Alexander Zaitsev Soviet Union Liudmila Smirnova / Alexei Ulanov East Germany Romy Kermer / Rolf Österreich
1975 United States Colorado Springs Soviet Union Irina Rodnina / Alexander Zaitsev East Germany Romy Kermer / Rolf Österreich East Germany Manuela Groß / Uwe Kagelmann
1976 Sweden Gothenburg Soviet Union Irina Rodnina / Alexander Zaitsev East Germany Romy Kermer / Rolf Österreich Soviet Union Irina Vorobieva / Alexander Vlasov
1977 Japan Tokyo Soviet Union Irina Rodnina / Alexander Zaitsev Soviet Union Irina Vorobieva / Alexander Vlasov United States Tai Babilonia / Randy Gardner
1978 Canada Ottawa Soviet Union Irina Rodnina / Alexander Zaitsev East Germany Manuela Mager / Uwe Bewersdorf United States Tai Babilonia / Randy Gardner
1979 Austria Vienna United States Tai Babilonia / Randy Gardner Soviet Union Marina Cherkasova / Sergei Shakhrai East Germany Sabine Baeß / Tassilo Thierbach
1980 West Germany Dortmund Soviet Union Marina Cherkasova / Sergei Shakhrai East Germany Manuela Mager / Uwe Bewersdorf Soviet Union Marina Pestova / Stanislav Leonovich
1981 United States Hartford Soviet Union Irina Vorobieva / Igor Lisovski East Germany Sabine Baeß / Tassilo Thierbach West Germany Christina Riegel / Andreas Nischwitz
1982 Denmark Copenhagen East Germany Sabine Baeß / Tassilo Thierbach Soviet Union Marina Pestova / Stanislav Leonovich United States Caitlin Carruthers / Peter Carruthers
1983 Finland Helsinki Soviet Union Elena Valova / Oleg Vasiliev East Germany Sabine Baeß / Tassilo Thierbach Canada Barbara Underhill / Paul Martini
1984 Canada Ottawa Canada Barbara Underhill / Paul Martini Soviet Union Elena Valova / Oleg Vasiliev East Germany Sabine Baeß / Tassilo Thierbach
1985 Japan Tokyo Soviet Union Elena Valova / Oleg Vasiliev Soviet Union Larisa Selezneva / Oleg Makarov Canada Katherina Matousek / Lloyd Eisler
1986 Switzerland Geneva Soviet Union Ekaterina Gordeeva / Sergei Grinkov Soviet Union Elena Valova / Oleg Vasiliev Canada Cynthia Coull / Mark Rowsom
1987 United States Cincinnati Soviet Union Ekaterina Gordeeva / Sergei Grinkov Soviet Union Elena Valova / Oleg Vasiliev United States Jill Watson / Peter Oppegard
1988 Hungary Budapest Soviet Union Elena Valova / Oleg Vasiliev Soviet Union Ekaterina Gordeeva / Sergei Grinkov Soviet Union Larisa Selezneva / Oleg Makarov
1989 France Paris Soviet Union Ekaterina Gordeeva / Sergei Grinkov Canada Cindy Landry / Lyndon Johnston Soviet Union Elena Bechke / Denis Petrov
1990 Canada Halifax Soviet Union Ekaterina Gordeeva / Sergei Grinkov Canada Isabelle Brasseur / Lloyd Eisler Soviet Union Natalia Mishkutenok / Artur Dmitriev
1991 Germany Munich Soviet Union Natalia Mishkutenok / Artur Dmitriev Canada Isabelle Brasseur / Lloyd Eisler United States Natasha Kuchiki / Todd Sand
1992 United States Oakland Commonwealth of Independent States Natalia Mishkutenok / Artur Dmitriev Czechoslovakia Radka Kovaříková / René Novotný Canada Isabelle Brasseur / Lloyd Eisler
1993 Czech Republic Prague Canada Isabelle Brasseur / Lloyd Eisler Germany Mandy Wötzel / Ingo Steuer Russia Evgenia Shishkova / Vadim Naumov
1994 Japan Chiba Russia Evgenia Shishkova / Vadim Naumov Canada Isabelle Brasseur / Lloyd Eisler Russia Marina Eltsova / Andrei Bushkov
1995 United Kingdom Birmingham Czech Republic Radka Kovaříková / René Novotný Russia Evgenia Shishkova / Vadim Naumov United States Jenni Meno / Todd Sand
1996 Canada Edmonton Russia Marina Eltsova / Andrei Bushkov Germany Mandy Wötzel / Ingo Steuer United States Jenni Meno / Todd Sand
1997 Switzerland Lausanne Germany Mandy Wötzel / Ingo Steuer Russia Marina Eltsova / Andrei Bushkov Russia Oksana Kazakova / Artur Dmitriev
1998 United States Minneapolis Russia Elena Berezhnaya / Anton Sikharulidze United States Jenni Meno / Todd Sand Germany Peggy Schwarz / Mirko Müller
1999 Finland Helsinki Russia Elena Berezhnaya / Anton Sikharulidze China Shen Xue / Zhao Hongbo Poland Dorota Zagórska / Mariusz Siudek
2000 France Nice Russia Maria Petrova / Alexei Tikhonov China Shen Xue / Zhao Hongbo France Sarah Abitbol / Stéphane Bernadis
2001 Canada Vancouver Canada Jamie Salé / David Pelletier Russia Elena Berezhnaya / Anton Sikharulidze China Shen Xue / Zhao Hongbo
2002 Japan Nagano China Shen Xue / Zhao Hongbo Russia Tatiana Totmianina / Maxim Marinin United States Kyoko Ina / John Zimmerman
2003 United States Washington D.C China Shen Xue / Zhao Hongbo Russia Tatiana Totmianina / Maxim Marinin Russia Maria Petrova / Alexei Tikhonov
2004 Germany Dortmund Russia Tatiana Totmianina / Maxim Marinin China Shen Xue / Zhao Hongbo China Pang Qing / Tong Jian
2005 Russia Moscow Russia Tatiana Totmianina / Maxim Marinin Russia Maria Petrova / Alexei Tikhonov China Zhang Dan / Zhang Hao
2006 Canada Calgary China Pang Qing / Tong Jian China Zhang Dan / Zhang Hao Russia Maria Petrova / Alexei Tikhonov
2007 Japan Tokyo China Shen Xue / Zhao Hongbo China Pang Qing / Tong Jian Germany Aliona Savchenko / Robin Szolkowy
2008 Sweden Gothenburg Germany Aliona Savchenko / Robin Szolkowy China Zhang Dan / Zhang Hao Canada Jessica Dubé / Bryce Davison
2009 United States Los Angeles Germany Aliona Savchenko / Robin Szolkowy China Zhang Dan / Zhang Hao Russia Yuko Kavaguti / Alexander Smirnov
2010 Italy Turin China Pang Qing / Tong Jian Germany Aliona Savchenko / Robin Szolkowy Russia Yuko Kavaguti / Alexander Smirnov
2011 Russia Moscow Germany Aliona Savchenko / Robin Szolkowy Russia Tatiana Volosozhar / Maxim Trankov China Pang Qing / Tong Jian
2012 France Nice Germany Aliona Savchenko / Robin Szolkowy Russia Tatiana Volosozhar / Maxim Trankov Japan Narumi Takahashi / Mervin Tran
2013 Canada London Russia Tatiana Volosozhar / Maxim Trankov Germany Aliona Savchenko / Robin Szolkowy Canada Meagan Duhamel / Eric Radford
2014 Japan Saitama Germany Aliona Savchenko / Robin Szolkowy Russia Ksenia Stolbova / Fedor Klimov Canada Meagan Duhamel / Eric Radford
2015 China Shanghai
2016 United States Boston

Ice dancing[edit]

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
1952 France Paris United Kingdom Jean Westwood / Lawrence Demmy United Kingdom Joan Dewhirst / John Slater United States Carol Ann Peters / Daniel Ryan
1953 Switzerland Davos United Kingdom Jean Westwood / Lawrence Demmy United Kingdom Joan Dewhirst / John Slater United States Carol Ann Peters / Daniel Ryan
1954 Norway Oslo United Kingdom Jean Westwood / Lawrence Demmy United Kingdom Nesta Davies / Paul Thomas United States Carmel Bodel / Edward Bodel
1955 Austria Vienna United Kingdom Jean Westwood / Lawrence Demmy United Kingdom Pamela Weight / Paul Thomas United Kingdom Barbara Radford / Raymond Lockwood
1956 West Germany Garmisch-Partenkirchen United Kingdom Pamela Weight / Paul Thomas United Kingdom June Markham / Courtney Jones United Kingdom Barbara Thompson / Gerard Rigby
1957 United States Colorado Springs United Kingdom June Markham / Courtney Jones Canada Geraldine Fenton / William McLachlan United States Sharon McKenzie / Bert Wright
1958 France Paris United Kingdom June Markham / Courtney Jones Canada Geraldine Fenton / William McLachlan United States Andree Anderson / Donald Jacoby
1959 United States Colorado Springs United Kingdom Doreen Denny / Courtney Jones United States Andree Anderson / Donald Jacoby Canada Geraldine Fenton / William McLachlan
1960 Canada Vancouver United Kingdom Doreen Denny / Courtney Jones Canada Virginia Thompson / William McLachlan France Christiane Guhel / Jean Paul Guhel
1961 Event cancelled after the Sabena Flight 548 crash
1962 Czechoslovakia Prague Czechoslovakia Eva Romanová / Pavel Roman France Christiane Guhel / Jean Paul Guhel Canada Virginia Thompson / William McLachlan
1963 Italy Cortina d'Ampezzo Czechoslovakia Eva Romanová / Pavel Roman United Kingdom Linda Shearman / Michael Phillips Canada Paulette Doan / Kenneth Ormsby
1964 West Germany Dortmund Czechoslovakia Eva Romanová / Pavel Roman Canada Paulette Doan / Kenneth Ormsby United Kingdom Janet Sawbridge / David Hickinbottom
1965 United States Colorado Springs Czechoslovakia Eva Romanová / Pavel Roman United Kingdom Janet Sawbridge / David Hickinbottom United States Lorna Dyer / John Carrell
1966 Switzerland Davos United Kingdom Diane Towler / Bernard Ford United States Kristin Fortune / Dennis Sveum United States Lorna Dyer / John Carrell
1967 Austria Vienna United Kingdom Diane Towler / Bernard Ford United States Lorna Dyer / John Carrell United Kingdom Yvonne Suddick / Malcolm Cannon
1968 Switzerland Geneva United Kingdom Diane Towler / Bernard Ford United Kingdom Yvonne Suddick / Malcolm Cannon United Kingdom Janet Sawbridge / Jon Lane
1969 United States Colorado Springs United Kingdom Diane Towler / Bernard Ford Soviet Union Liudmila Pakhomova / Alexander Gorshkov United States Judy Schwomeyer / James Sladky
1970 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ljubljana Soviet Union Liudmila Pakhomova / Alexander Gorshkov United States Judy Schwomeyer / James Sladky West Germany Angelika Buck / Erich Buck
1971 France Lyon Soviet Union Liudmila Pakhomova / Alexander Gorshkov West Germany Angelika Buck / Erich Buck United States Judy Schwomeyer / James Sladky
1972 Canada Calgary Soviet Union Liudmila Pakhomova / Alexander Gorshkov West Germany Angelika Buck / Erich Buck United States Judy Schwomeyer / James Sladky
1973 Czechoslovakia Bratislava Soviet Union Liudmila Pakhomova / Alexander Gorshkov West Germany Angelika Buck / Erich Buck United Kingdom Hilary Green / Glyn Watts
1974 West Germany Munich Soviet Union Liudmila Pakhomova / Alexander Gorshkov United Kingdom Hilary Green / Glyn Watts Soviet Union Natalia Linichuk / Gennadi Karponosov
1975 United States Colorado Springs Soviet Union Irina Moiseeva / Andrei Minenkov United States Colleen O'Connor / James Millns United Kingdom Hilary Green / Glyn Watts
1976 Sweden Gothenburg Soviet Union Liudmila Pakhomova / Alexander Gorshkov Soviet Union Irina Moiseeva / Andrei Minenkov United States Colleen O'Connor / James Millns
1977 Japan Tokyo Soviet Union Irina Moiseeva / Andrei Minenkov United Kingdom Janet Thompson / Warren Maxwell Soviet Union Natalia Linichuk / Gennadi Karponosov
1978 Canada Ottawa Soviet Union Natalia Linichuk / Gennadi Karponosov Soviet Union Irina Moiseeva / Andrei Minenkov Hungary Krisztina Regőczy / András Sallay
1979 Austria Vienna Soviet Union Natalia Linichuk / Gennadi Karponosov Hungary Krisztina Regőczy / András Sallay Soviet Union Irina Moiseeva / Andrei Minenkov
1980 West Germany Dortmund Hungary Krisztina Regőczy / András Sallay Soviet Union Natalia Linichuk / Gennadi Karponosov Soviet Union Irina Moiseeva / Andrei Minenkov
1981 United States Hartford United Kingdom Jayne Torvill / Christopher Dean Soviet Union Irina Moiseeva / Andrei Minenkov Soviet Union Natalia Bestemianova / Andrei Bukin
1982 Denmark Copenhagen United Kingdom Jayne Torvill / Christopher Dean Soviet Union Natalia Bestemianova / Andrei Bukin Soviet Union Irina Moiseeva / Andrei Minenkov
1983 Finland Helsinki United Kingdom Jayne Torvill / Christopher Dean Soviet Union Natalia Bestemianova / Andrei Bukin United States Judy Blumberg / Michael Seibert
1984 Canada Ottawa United Kingdom Jayne Torvill / Christopher Dean Soviet Union Natalia Bestemianova / Andrei Bukin United States Judy Blumberg / Michael Seibert
1985 Japan Tokyo Soviet Union Natalia Bestemianova / Andrei Bukin Soviet Union Marina Klimova / Sergei Ponomarenko United States Judy Blumberg / Michael Seibert
1986 Switzerland Geneva Soviet Union Natalia Bestemianova / Andrei Bukin Soviet Union Marina Klimova / Sergei Ponomarenko Canada Tracy Wilson / Robert McCall
1987 United States Cincinnati Soviet Union Natalia Bestemianova / Andrei Bukin Soviet Union Marina Klimova / Sergei Ponomarenko Canada Tracy Wilson / Robert McCall
1988 Hungary Budapest Soviet Union Natalia Bestemianova / Andrei Bukin Soviet Union Marina Klimova / Sergei Ponomarenko Canada Tracy Wilson / Robert McCall
1989 France Paris Soviet Union Marina Klimova / Sergei Ponomarenko Soviet Union Maya Usova / Alexander Zhulin France Isabelle Duchesnay / Paul Duchesnay
1990 Canada Halifax Soviet Union Marina Klimova / Sergei Ponomarenko France Isabelle Duchesnay / Paul Duchesnay Soviet Union Maya Usova / Alexander Zhulin
1991 Germany Munich France Isabelle Duchesnay / Paul Duchesnay Soviet Union Marina Klimova / Sergei Ponomarenko Soviet Union Maya Usova / Alexander Zhulin
1992 United States Oakland Commonwealth of Independent States Marina Klimova / Sergei Ponomarenko Commonwealth of Independent States Maya Usova / Alexander Zhulin Commonwealth of Independent States Pasha Grishuk / Evgeni Platov
1993 Czech Republic Prague Russia Maya Usova / Alexander Zhulin Russia Pasha Grishuk / Evgeni Platov Russia Anjelika Krylova / Vladimir Fedorov
1994 Japan Chiba Russia Oksana Grishuk / Evgeni Platov France Sophie Moniotte / Pascal Lavanchy Finland Susanna Rahkamo / Petri Kokko
1995 United Kingdom Birmingham Russia Oksana Grishuk / Evgeni Platov Finland Susanna Rahkamo / Petri Kokko France Sophie Moniotte / Pascal Lavanchy
1996 Canada Edmonton Russia Oksana Grishuk / Evgeni Platov Russia Anjelika Krylova / Oleg Ovsyannikov Canada Shae-Lynn Bourne / Victor Kraatz
1997 Switzerland Lausanne Russia Oksana Grishuk / Evgeni Platov Russia Anjelika Krylova / Oleg Ovsyannikov Canada Shae-Lynn Bourne / Victor Kraatz
1998 United States Minneapolis Russia Anjelika Krylova / Oleg Ovsyannikov France Marina Anissina / Gwendal Peizerat Canada Shae-Lynn Bourne / Victor Kraatz
1999 Finland Helsinki Russia Anjelika Krylova / Oleg Ovsyannikov France Marina Anissina / Gwendal Peizerat Canada Shae-Lynn Bourne / Victor Kraatz
2000 France Nice France Marina Anissina / Gwendal Peizerat Italy Barbara Fusar-Poli / Maurizio Margaglio Lithuania Margarita Drobiazko / Povilas Vanagas
2001 Canada Vancouver Italy Barbara Fusar-Poli / Maurizio Margaglio France Marina Anissina / Gwendal Peizerat Russia Irina Lobacheva / Ilia Averbukh
2002 Japan Nagano Russia Irina Lobacheva / Ilia Averbukh Canada Shae-Lynn Bourne / Victor Kraatz Israel Galit Chait / Sergei Sakhnovski
2003 United States Washington D.C. Canada Shae-Lynn Bourne / Victor Kraatz Russia Irina Lobacheva / Ilia Averbukh Bulgaria Albena Denkova / Maxim Staviski
2004 Germany Dortmund Russia Tatiana Navka / Roman Kostomarov Bulgaria Albena Denkova / Maxim Staviski Germany Kati Winkler / René Lohse
2005 Russia Moscow Russia Tatiana Navka / Roman Kostomarov United States Tanith Belbin / Benjamin Agosto Ukraine Elena Grushina / Ruslan Goncharov
2006 Canada Calgary Bulgaria Albena Denkova / Maxim Staviski Canada Marie-France Dubreuil / Patrice Lauzon United States Tanith Belbin / Benjamin Agosto
2007 Japan Tokyo Bulgaria Albena Denkova / Maxim Staviski Canada Marie-France Dubreuil / Patrice Lauzon United States Tanith Belbin / Benjamin Agosto
2008 Sweden Gothenburg France Isabelle Delobel / Olivier Schoenfelder Canada Tessa Virtue / Scott Moir Russia Jana Khokhlova / Sergei Novitski
2009 United States Los Angeles Russia Oksana Domnina / Maxim Shabalin United States Tanith Belbin / Benjamin Agosto Canada Tessa Virtue / Scott Moir
2010 Italy Turin Canada Tessa Virtue / Scott Moir United States Meryl Davis / Charlie White Italy Federica Faiella / Massimo Scali
2011 Russia Moscow United States Meryl Davis / Charlie White Canada Tessa Virtue / Scott Moir United States Maia Shibutani / Alex Shibutani
2012 France Nice Canada Tessa Virtue / Scott Moir United States Meryl Davis / Charlie White France Nathalie Péchalat / Fabian Bourzat
2013 Canada London United States Meryl Davis / Charlie White Canada Tessa Virtue / Scott Moir Russia Ekaterina Bobrova / Dmitri Soloviev
2014 Japan Saitama Italy Anna Cappellini / Luca Lanotte Canada Kaitlyn Weaver / Andrew Poje France Nathalie Péchalat / Fabian Bourzat
2015 China Shanghai
2016 United States Boston

Records[edit]

Event Largest number of titles Most consecutive titles Medal sweeps
Men Sweden Ulrich Salchow
10 (1901–1905, 1907–1911)
Austria Karl Schafer
7 (1930–1936)
1925 : Austria
1927–1928 : Austria
1952 : United States
1955–1956 : United States
Ladies Norway Sonja Henie
10 (1927–1936)
Norway Sonja Henie
10 (1927–1936)
1991: United States
Pairs Soviet Union Irina Rodnina / Alexander Zaitsev
6 (1973–1978)
**Soviet Union Irina Rodnina won 10 titles from 1969–1978, the first 4 partnered with Soviet Union Alexei Ulanov
Soviet Union Irina Rodnina / Alexander Zaitsev
6 (1973–1978)
**Soviet Union Irina Rodnina won 10 titles from 1969–1978, the first 4 partnered with Soviet Union Alexei Ulanov
1939 : Germany (Germany)
1969 : Soviet Union
1988 : Soviet Union
Ice Dance Soviet Union Lyudmila Pakhomova / Alexandr Gorshkov
6 (1970–1974, 1976)
Soviet Union Lyudmila Pakhomova / Alexandr Gorshkov
5 (1970–1974)
1955–1956: United Kingdom
1968 : United Kingdom
1992 : Commonwealth of Independent States (Commonwealth of Independent States)
1993 : Russia

Cumulative medal count[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hines, p.75
  2. ^ a b Hines, p.88
  3. ^ a b c d "History". International Skating Union. Retrieved 2011-01-09. 
  4. ^ Hines, p.114
  5. ^ Google.com
  6. ^ "China eyed over 9 athletes' ages". Associated Press (ESPN). February 14, 2011. Retrieved February 14, 2011. 
  7. ^ Vaytsekhovskaya, Elena (December 13, 2010). "Елена Буянова: "Сотникова намного лучше, чем была я"" [Elena Buianova: "Sotnikova is much better than I was"]. sport-express.ru (in Russian). Retrieved December 19, 2010. 
  8. ^ Loosemore, Sandra (March 16, 2000). "Junior skaters shouldn't face senior pressure". CBS Sportsline. Archived from the original on October 13, 2008. 
  9. ^ ISU Communication 1685: Entries ISU Championships 2012 (25 Jul 2011)

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]