World Karate Federation

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World Karate Federation
Abbreviation WKF
Formation 1961[1]
Legal status Federation
Headquarters Madrid
Location
Region served Worldwide
Membership 187[2]
Official language English is the official language. If any question in respect to the sport or technique of Karate, it will be referred to the original Japanese text.
President Antonio Espinos of Spain
Website World Karate Federation

The World Karate Federation (WKF) is the largest international governing body of sport karate with over 130 member countries. It was formed in 1990 and is the only karate organization recognised by the International Olympic Committee and has more than ten million members.[3][4][5] The WKF organizes the Junior and Senior Karate World Championships, which are each held every other year. The President of the WKF is Antonio Espinos, and the headquarters are located in Madrid, Spain. The styles recognised by the WKF are Gōjū-ryū, Shitō-ryū, Shotokan and Wadō-ryū.[6]

History[edit]

Karate was introduced into Europe around the 1950s by Japanese masters, mainly from the Japan Karate Association (JKA).[7] In 1961, Jacques Delcourt was appointed President of French Karate, which was at that stage an associated member of the Judo Federation. In 1963 he invited the six other known European federations (Italy, Great Britain, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland and Spain) to come to France for the first-ever international karate event, and Great Britain and Belgium accepted the invitation.[8]

In December of that year, six of the seven federations gathered in Paris, in what was to be the first European Karate Congress, with the aim of improving and organising karate tournaments between their countries. It was noted that the unification of the different karate styles was impossible, and so they decided to unify the refereeing.[9][10]

By 1965 the European Karate Union was created, with Jacques Delcourt was voted in as President. The following year the first European Karate Championships were held, in Paris. The event drew roughly three hundred spectators and was shown on live TV; however, it drew criticisms for being too violent as there were many face injuries. The EKU council had differing opinions about the source of the injuries, with opinions ranging from excessive rules violations to lack of conditioning and blocking skill. This problem was addressed in some part at the first referee course, held in Rome. Here, the refereeing rules were harmonised using the JKA rules as a basis.

In 1970, the International Karate Union (IKU) was formed by Jacques Delcourt in an effort to organise karate at world level. Upon hearing this, Ryoichi Sasakawa, President of the Federation of All Japan Karatedo Organization (FAJKO), traveled to France to discuss the creation of an international governing body.[11][12] The IKU was quickly disbanded and a new organisation was formed between the EKU and the Japanese federation, and was called the World Union of Karate-do Organizations (WUKO).[13][14]

In 1985 the World Union of Karate-do Organizations is officially recognised by the International Olympic Committee as the official board for karate.[15]

WUKO tried to unify with the International Traditional Karate Federation (ITKF) in 1990 to form the WKF; however, this attempt failed and the WUKO group left to form the WKF on their own.[16][17][18][19][20]

Competition and events[edit]

Kumite[edit]

Kata[edit]

team kata with bunkai

WKF / WUKO Karate World Championships[edit]

WKF Karate WC 2012 Paris-Bercy
Gyaku Zuki at the WC 2012 in Paris
Year Host City Country
1970 Tokyo Japan
1972 Paris France
1975 Long Beach, California United States
1977 Tokyo Japan
1980 Madrid Spain
1982 Taipei China Taiwan
1984 Maastricht Netherlands
1986 Sydney Australia
1988 Cairo Egypt
1990 Mexico City Mexico
1992 Granada Spain
1994 Kota Kinabalu Malaysia
1996 Sun City South Africa
1998 Rio de Janeiro Brazil
2000 Munich Germany
2002 Madrid Spain
2004 Monterrey Mexico
2006 Tampere Finland
2008 Tokyo Japan[21]
2010 Belgrade Serbia
2012 Paris France

|align=center |2014 || Bremen || Germany |}

Recognized Karate Federations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Karate’s pitch for the 2020 Olympics - OlympicTalk". Plympictalk.nbcsports.com. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  2. ^ "Countries Members". Wkf.net. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  3. ^ "Karate". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  4. ^ "Final Report on the XXVIIth Olympiad" (PDF). Olympic.org. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  5. ^ "Karate's Olympic aspirations likely to get chop". Daily Telegraph (London). 2009-05-21. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 
  6. ^ Kata and Kumite Competition Rules, on the WKF website
  7. ^ "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 10 November 2014. 
  8. ^ Arriaza, Rafael. "Chapter 16: Karate". In Kordi, Ramin; Maffulli, Nicola; Wroble, Randall R. et al. Combat Sports Medicine. p. 288. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  9. ^ Arriaza, Rafael. "Chapter 16: Karate". In Kordi, Ramin; Maffulli, Nicola; Wroble, Randall R. et al. Combat Sports Medicine. p. 288. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  10. ^ "Sports Shorts". Apnewsarchive.com. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  11. ^ "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  12. ^ "Democracy, Karate & WKF Politics" (PDF). Wado-uk.com. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  13. ^ Evans, J. K. (1988): "The battle for Olympic Karate recognition: WUKO vs. IAKF." Black Belt, 26(2):54–58.
  14. ^ "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  15. ^ "Japanese Sports". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "Hajime". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  17. ^ "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  18. ^ "The Empty Hand". Fight. Retrieved 2014-11-09. 
  19. ^ https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=DdIDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA21&lpg=PA21&dq=Whyte+KARATE+wuko&source=bl&ots=ktsrDRjMAW&sig=3qN7v8PB_Yty7fKS1wynMCIbKm4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=_NOUVMTzOIjgaNHMgKgD&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAjgK#v=onepage&q=Whyte%20KARATE%20wuko&f=false
  20. ^ https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=p4zTAgAAQBAJ&pg=PT123&dq=1980+KARATE+wuko&hl=en&sa=X&ei=WN-UVL6NKo_SaKiBgaAI&ved=0CEUQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=1980%20KARATE%20wuko&f=false
  21. ^ "World Karate Championships returning to Japan". Japan Today. Retrieved 2010-02-22. 

External links[edit]