World Malaria Day

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World Malaria Day
World Health Organization Flag.jpg
Observed by All Member States of the World Health Organization
Date April 25
Next time 25 April 2014 (2014-04-25)
Frequency annual

World Malaria Day (WMD) is commemorated every year on 25 April and recognizes global efforts to control malaria. Globally, 3.3 billion people in 106 countries are at risk of malaria.[1] In 2012, malaria caused an estimated 627,000 deaths, mostly among African children.[2] Asia, Latin America, and to a lesser extent the Middle East and parts of Europe are also affected.

World Malaria Day sprung out of the efforts taking place across the African continent to commemorate Africa Malaria Day. WMD is one of eight official global public health campaigns currently marked by the World Health Organization (WHO), along with World Health Day, World Blood Donor Day, World Immunization Week, World Tuberculosis Day, World No Tobacco Day, World Hepatitis Day and World AIDS Day.[3]


History[edit]

World Malaria Day was established in May 2007 by the 60th session of the World Health Assembly, WHO's decision-making body. The day was established to provide "education and understanding of malaria" and spread information on "year-long intensified implementation of national malaria-control strategies, including community-based activities for malaria prevention and treatment in endemic areas."[4]

Prior to the establishment of WMD, Africa Malaria Day was held on April 25. Africa Malaria Day began in 2001, one year after the historic Abuja Declaration[5] was signed by 44 malaria-endemic countries at the African Summit on Malaria.[6]

World Malaria Day allows for corporations (such as Exxon Mobile[7]), multinational organizations (such as Malaria No More[8]) and grassroots organizations (such as Mosquitoes Suck Tour[9]) globally to work together to bring awareness to malaria and advocate for policy changes.[10]

Themes[edit]

Each WMD focuses on a specific theme.

The theme of World Malaria Day 2014 and in coming years is "Invest in the future: Defeat malaria."[11]


See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ World Health Organization,World Malaria Report 2010.
  2. ^ World Health Organization, Malaria. WHO Fact sheet N°94, updated March 2014. Accessed 8 April 2014.
  3. ^ World Health Organization, WHO campaigns.
  4. ^ WHA Resolution 60.18
  5. ^ African Summit on Roll Back Malaria, Abuja Declaration. Abuja, 25 April 2000.
  6. ^ African Malaria Summit
  7. ^ Exxon Mobile, Commemorating World Malaria Day 2013.
  8. ^ Malaria No More UK, World Malaria Day.
  9. ^ http://dontbiteme.ca/more-about-malaria/
  10. ^ Malaria Community, World Malaria Day.
  11. ^ World Health Organization, World Malaria Day 2014. Accessed 8 April 2014.

External links[edit]