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ABC World News Tonight

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ABC World News Tonight
ABCWorldNewsLogo.jpg
The title card for ABC World News Tonight with David Muir
Also known as John Charles Daly and the News (1953–1965)
Peter Jennings with the News (1965–1967)
ABC News (1967–1970)
ABC Evening News (1970–1978)
World News Tonight (1978–2006)
World News (2006–2009)
ABC World News (2009–2014)
Genre News program
Created by Roone Arledge
Presented by Weekdays:
David Muir (2014–present)
Weekends:
Tom Llamas (2015–present)
Cecilia Vega (2015–present)
(See former anchors)
Narrated by Bill Rice (1966–1983, 1984–2009)
Bill Owen (1983–1984)
Mike Rowe (2009–2012)
Theme music composer Robert A. Israel (1978–1990)
Score Productions (1990–1996)
Edd Kalehoff (1996–2012)
Hans Zimmer (2012–present)
Country of origin United States
Original language(s) English
Production
Executive producer(s) Michael Corn (2011–2014)
Almin Karamehmedovic (2014–present)[1]
Location(s) ABC News Headquarters, New York City, New York
Camera setup Multi-camera
Running time 15 minutes (1953–1967)
30 minutes (1967–present)
Production company(s) ABC News Productions
Broadcast
Original channel ABC
Picture format 480i (4:3 SDTV)
(1953–2008)
480i (16:9 SDTV)
(2008–present)
720p/1080p (HDTV)
(2008–present)[2]
Original run 1953 (1953) (as John Charles Daly and the News),
1965 (1965) (as Peter Jennings with the News),
1970 (1970) – present (current format)
External links
Website

ABC World News Tonight (titled since September 2014 as ABC World News Tonight with David Muir for its weeknight broadcasts) is the flagship daily evening television news program of ABC News, the news division of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) television network in the United States. As of September 1, 2014, the program's weekday broadcasts are anchored by David Muir.[3] Cecilia Vega anchors the Saturday edition and Tom Llamas anchors on Sundays.

The program has been anchored at various times by a number of other presenters since its debut in 1953. It also has used various titles, including ABC Evening News from 1970 to 1978, World News Tonight from 1978 to 2006, and ABC World News from 2006 to 2014. It is the second-most watched network newscast in the United States, trailing slightly behind NBC Nightly News in the ratings.[4]

History[edit]

ABC began a nightly newscast in the summer of 1948, when H. R. Baukhage and Jim Gibbons hosted News and Views. This was succeeded by After The Deadlines in 1951 and All Star News in 1952. In the fall of 1953, John Charles Daly began anchoring the then-15-minute John Charles Daly and the News. Daly, who had served as host of the CBS game show What's My Line? contemporaneously, anchored the newscast until 1960, with multiple hosts and formats succeeding him. Anchors of the program during the early 1960s included[clarification needed] Alex Dreier, John Secondari, Fendall Winston Yerxa, Al Mann, Bill Shadel, John Cameron Swayze (formerly of NBC), Bill Laurence and Bill Sheehan. In 1962, Ron Cochran was appointed as full-time anchor, staying with the program until 1965. After Cochran left the program, Peter Jennings, a Canadian journalist who was 26-years-old at the time, was named anchor of the retitled Peter Jennings with the News.

In 1967, the inexperienced Jennings left the anchor chair and was reassigned by the news division as an international correspondent for the news program. The newly renamed ABC News was hosted, in succession, by Bob Young (October 1967 to May 1968), and then by Frank Reynolds (May 1968 to December 1970), who was later joined by Howard K. Smith (May 1969 to December 1970). The program expanded from 15 to 30 minutes in January 1967, nearly 3½ years after both CBS and NBC had expanded their evening news programs to a half-hour.

Reasoner, Smith, and Walters[edit]

Harry Reasoner, formerly of CBS News and 60 Minutes, joined ABC News in 1970 to co-anchor the relaunched ABC Evening News with Smith, beginning that December, replacing Reynolds. In 1975, Howard K. Smith was moved to a commentator role, and Reasoner briefly assumed sole-anchor responsibilities until he was paired with Barbara Walters, who became the first female network anchor when she joined the program in 1976. Ratings for the nightly news broadcast declined shortly thereafter, possibly due in part to the lack of chemistry between Reasoner and Walters. Reasoner would eventually return to CBS and 60 Minutes, while Walters became a regular on the newsmagazine 20/20.

"First News" strategy (1967–1982)[edit]

Because ABC had nowhere near the number of affiliates that NBC and CBS had – and, therefore, especially in smaller markets, was sometimes carried by a station that held a primarily affiliation with another network, ABC News chose to feed its evening newscast to its affiliates at 6:00 p.m. Eastern Time/5:00 p.m. Central Time, one half-hour ahead of the network newscasts aired by CBS and NBC.[citation needed] Even in areas with three full-time network affiliates, ABC stations often opted to broadcast the news program in the 6:00 p.m./5:00 p.m. timeslot to entice viewers by presenting the day's national and international news first, thus making it more likely that they would stay tuned to the station's local newscast immediately following the program (or one half-hour afterward), instead of turning to CBS or NBC.

In some markets, especially in the Eastern Time Zone,[citation needed] it was not unusual for an ABC affiliate to air its local newscast at 5:30 p.m., followed by the network news at 6:00 p.m., then syndicated situation comedy reruns or game shows from 6:30 p.m. to 7:30 p.m. (or 8:00 p.m., after the Prime Time Access Rule went into effect in 1971). As the youngest and least-viewed of the networks, ABC News employed the strategy to get a foothold on the American public's consciousness, although stations were quite free to tape-delay the feed in order to run the news program against those seen on the other two networks, or, in some larger markets especially, at 7:00 p.m./6:00 p.m.

Starting in 1973, before the advent of closed captioning, PBS began airing an open captioned version of the ABC Evening News that was distributed to various public television stations throughout the U.S, airing mostly in late-night timeslots five hours after the original ABC broadcast. This version was produced by Boston PBS station WGBH-TV, which provided the captions and repackaged the broadcast with additional news stories – some of which were of special interest to the hearing impaired – as well as late-news developments, weather forecasts, and sports scores inserted in place of commercials. The practice continued until 1982, when real-time closed captioning was first introduced in the United States by the National Captioning Institute.[5]

By the time nearly all of the country was served by full-time ABC affiliates, in 1982, the evening newscast began winning the ratings; the network then discontinued the practice of running the program in the earlier timeslot and started feeding the program to its stations at the conventional time of 6:30 p.m. (Eastern/Pacific)/5:30 p.m. (Central/Mountain) on weeknights.[citation needed] However, the weekend editions still air live at 6:00 p.m./5:00 p.m.

World News Tonight[edit]

The early years (1978–1983)[edit]

Always the perennial third in the national ratings, ABC News president Roone Arledge reformatted the program, relaunching it as World News Tonight on July 10, 1978. Reynolds, who was demoted when the network hired Reasoner, returned as lead anchor, reporting from ABC News' Washington, D.C. bureau. Max Robinson – who became the first African American network news anchor upon his appointment on the program – anchored national news from the news division's Chicago bureau. Peter Jennings, who also returned for a second stint, reported international headlines from the division's London bureau.

Occasional contributions included special reports by Walters, who was credited as anchor of the special coverage desk from New York City and worldwide, and commentary by Smith, who was easing into eventual retirement. The program's distinct and easily identifiable theme (whose four-note musical signature was eventually used on other ABC News programs) was written by Bob Israel. Ratings slowly climbed to the point where World News Tonight eventually beat both NBC Nightly News and the CBS Evening News, marking the first time ever that ABC had the most-watched network evening newscast.

Peter Jennings (1983–2005)[edit]

In April 1983, Reynolds became ill, leaving both Jennings and Robinson to co-anchor the broadcast until his planned return; however, Reynolds would die three months later on July 20, 1983 from bone cancer. A rotation of anchors hosted the program until August 9, 1983, when Jennings became the sole anchor and senior editor of World News Tonight. The program began broadcasting from New York City on a regular basis in September 1983, at which time Bill Owen replaced Bill Rice as announcer for a year.

In September 1984, the program was renamed World News Tonight with Peter Jennings in order to reflect its sole anchor and senior editor. Robinson left ABC News in 1984, after stints of anchoring news briefs and the weekend editions of World News Tonight; he died from complications of AIDS in 1988. With Jennings as lead anchor, World News Tonight was the most-watched national newscast from February 27, 1989, to November 1, 1996, but from then on until February 2007, it placed second behind its main rival, NBC Nightly News.

In April 2005, Jennings announced that he had been diagnosed with lung cancer and, as before, other ABC News anchors – mostly consisting of 20/20 co-anchor Elizabeth Vargas and Good Morning America co-anchor Charles Gibson – filled in for him. Jennings died of lung cancer on August 7, 2005, at his apartment in New York City, at age 67.

The August 8, 2005, edition of the program was dedicated in memory of Jennings and looked back at his four-decade career in news. His death ended the era of the so-called "Big Three" anchors: Jennings, NBC's Tom Brokaw, and CBS's Dan Rather (the latter two had retired from their positions as the respective anchors of NBC Nightly News and the CBS Evening News within the year prior to Jennings's death). During his career, Jennings had reported from every major world capital and war zone, and from all 50 U.S. states, according to the network. Jennings was known for his ability to calmly portray events as they were happening and for his coverage of many major world events.

As a tribute to its late anchor, ABC continued to introduce the broadcast as World News Tonight with Peter Jennings in the week following his death. Gibson anchored the broadcast the first part of the week; Bob Woodruff anchored the final edition of World News Tonight with Peter Jennings on August 12, 2005. That night's broadcast ended with one of Jennings's favorite pieces of music instead of the traditional theme music. Beginning on August 15, 2005, the broadcast was introduced simply as World News Tonight and it remained that way until January 2006.

Bob Woodruff and Elizabeth Vargas (January–May 2006)[edit]

Elizabeth Vargas and Bob Woodruff, co-anchors of World News Tonight.

The program would return to a two-anchor format, when in early December 2005, ABC News announced that Elizabeth Vargas and Bob Woodruff would be the new permanent co-anchors of World News Tonight, replacing Jennings. People in the news industry looked at the choice of Vargas and Woodruff by ABC News as the start of a new era in network television news.

The broadcast was produced live three times per day – the regular live broadcast for the Eastern and Central Time Zones, plus separate broadcasts for the Mountain and Pacific Time Zones. In addition, a live webcast, World News Now (which, incidentally, carried the same title as ABC's overnight news program), with a newsbrief and a preview of that evening's broadcast, was launched. The webcast aired live at 3:00 p.m. Eastern Time on ABC News Now and ABCNews.com, and can be viewed throughout the rest of the day after 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time.[clarification needed]

On January 29, 2006, Woodruff and his cameraman, Doug Vogt, were injured by a road-side bomb while riding in an Iraqi military convoy. Both underwent surgery at a U.S. military hospital in Balad, Iraq (50 miles (80 km) north of Baghdad). Both men suffered head injuries in the incident, even though they were both wearing body armor and helmets. Woodruff and Vogt were then evacuated to a U.S. military hospital in Germany, before later being transferred to Bethesda Naval Hospital in Maryland for further treatment and released for outpatient treatment. Within a few months after Woodruff's accident, ABC News announced that Vargas was pregnant and due to give birth to her second child in late summer.

For about a month, Good Morning America co-hosts Charles Gibson and Diane Sawyer had alternated co-anchoring the newscast with Vargas. During the spring of 2006, Vargas mostly anchored the broadcast alone, becoming the first de facto solo female evening news anchor. At the time, it was unknown what ABC News planned to do until Woodruff returned to the anchor chair, which appeared not to be within the near future, and when Vargas began her maternity leave. Rumors flew that Sawyer wanted to become the sole anchor of World News Tonight in order to beat Katie Couric's switch to the anchor chair at the CBS Evening News.[6] However, New York Post columnist Cindy Adams reported that Gibson would become Woodruff's "temporary permanent replacement".[7] Also starting in the spring of 2006, the West Coast editions of World News Tonight were scaled back because Vargas anchored the broadcast on her own at the time.

World News[edit]

Charles Gibson, anchor of World News with Charles Gibson.

Charles Gibson (May 2006–December 18, 2009)[edit]

In May 2006, Vargas announced her resignation from World News Tonight. Charles Gibson was then named sole anchor of the program, effectively replacing Vargas and her injured co-anchor Woodruff.[8] Vargas cited her doctors' recommendation to cut back her schedule considerably because of her maternity leave, and her wish to spend more time with her new baby. She has since returned to co-anchor 20/20 and ABC News specials, and has served as a substitute anchor on World News Tonight under Gibson and his successors. When Gibson was away or on assignment, substitute anchors, in addition to Vargas, included Sawyer, Dan Harris, David Muir and George Stephanopoulos, with Sawyer being the primary substitute.[citation needed]

Woodruff, although still recovering from his injuries, returned to World News Tonight as a correspondent on February 28, 2007.[9] While the 3:00 p.m. World News Now webcast remains, the separate Mountain and Pacific Time Zone editions were discontinued. Gibson continued to update the newscast as warranted for these time zones, but the entire newscast was not presented live, as was previously the case.[citation needed]

Some media analysts found the reasons for the appointment of Gibson as anchor to be merely a cover for ABC News's real intentions to bring stability to its flagship news program, which had seen its ratings slip, and to attract some older viewers away from the CBS Evening News with interim anchor Bob Schieffer.[10] Indeed, the advertising campaign focused on Gibson's experience, calling him "Your Trusted Source," similar to a campaign for Jennings, "Trust Is Earned," in the wake of the Killian documents controversy at CBS and Brian Williams's assumption of the NBC anchor chair.[11]

On July 19, 2006, ABC News announced that World News Tonight would have its name officially changed to World News with Charles Gibson.[12] The network chose to make the, albeit minor, change to remove "Tonight" from the title in order to reflect the program's expansion into the "24-hour space created by the digital world".[13]

In the February 2007 sweeps, World News with Charles Gibson achieved the number-one spot in the Nielsen ratings among the network evening news broadcasts, overtaking NBC Nightly News, marking ABC News's first victory since the week Jennings died in August 2005.

Starting in April 2007, Gibson announced that the Monday broadcasts of World News would become expanded editions, allowing only one commercial interruption to feature extended special segments on global warming.[clarification needed]

World News with Charles Gibson won the May 2007 sweeps period decisively over NBC Nightly News, marking Gibson's second consecutive sweeps win and widening the program's lead in the evening news race. It was the first time that World News had won consecutive sweeps periods since 1996, the year ABC News ceded the ratings crown to NBC Nightly News with Tom Brokaw. NBC Nightly News retook first place in the November 2007 sweeps[14] and the two programs remained in a tight race until the fall of 2008, when the NBC program established a consistent lead.[15]

On December 31, 2007, World News with Charles Gibson debuted a new high-definition-ready set, featuring a wood carving of the ABC News logo prominently in front of the anchor desk with the logo's colors, a rear-projection screen, and plasma screens.[citation needed] The program would begin broadcasting in high definition on August 25, 2008,[citation needed] during its coverage of the 2008 Democratic National Convention. The graphics were updated, although the theme music was left unchanged.

On September 2, 2009,[citation needed] ABC News announced that Gibson would retire from ABC News altogether on December 18, 2009, and that Sawyer would assume the anchor desk on December 21, 2009.[16] Gibson's final broadcast ended with a video tribute that included all of the living former U.S. Presidents, former ABC anchors, actors and actresses, singers, comedians, Mickey Mouse, Kermit the Frog, athletes, the commander of the International Space Station, competitors Couric and Williams, and was capped off by U.S. President Barack Obama.[17]

ABC World News[edit]

Diane Sawyer (December 21, 2009–August 27, 2014)[edit]

Long-time ABC journalist and anchorwoman Diane Sawyer began anchoring the broadcast, which amended its title to ABC World News, on December 21, 2009. On that date, the program debuted an updated set, new graphics during the introductory segment, along with a new announcer, Mike Rowe (then host of Discovery Channel's Dirty Jobs), who replaced longtime announcer Bill Rice.[18] A new set for the program debuted on August 23, 2010.[19] Substitute anchors for the program during Sawyer's tenure when she was away or on assignment, in addition to Vargas, included David Muir (who by that point, anchored the weekend editions of World News and served as a weekday correspondent), George Stephanopoulos, Elizabeth Vargas, Cynthia McFadden, Dan Harris, Paula Faris and Byron Pitts (with the exception of McFadden, who left ABC News in August 2014, most of these anchors/correspondents have also served as substitutes following Muir's appointment as anchor of the program).[20]

The Sawyer tenure was marked by a shift towards more "news you can use" features, and less of a focus on hard international news.[21] World News at the time had a 60% female viewership, the highest of the three major network evening newscasts.[22]

On October 1, 2012, World News debuted a new logo, opening theme (which was composed by Hans Zimmer, replacing the longtime Bob Israel-composed theme), an updated set and new graphics package. The program also introduced called the "Instant Index", a feature appearing as the penultimate segment of each night's broadcast focusing on news stories that are trending on social media, pop culture and entertainment-related stories and viral videos. Another feature introduced during Sawyer's tenure was "Made in America", a feature segment reported by David Muir, chronicling enterprising American companies.

On June 25, 2014, ABC News announced that Sawyer would step down as the weekday anchor of ABC World News; Saywer would be succeded by the program's then weekend anchor, David Muir, effective September 2.[23][24] On July 28, 2014, the program debuted a slightly updated set, which includes a new, larger monitor behind the anchor desk. Diane Sawyer ultimately decided to end her tenure as anchor of ABC World News nearly a week before Muir began as anchor of the weeknight editions on August 27, 2014, in order to spend time with family.[25] By the time Sawyer left World News, the program was the #1 network evening newscast in all major key demographics and significantly closed the ratings gap with NBC Nightly News in total viewership.[26]

ABC World News Tonight[edit]

David Muir (September 1, 2014–present)[edit]

David Muir became the weekday anchor and managing editor of the program on September 1, 2014, while retaining his duties as co-anchor of 20/20.[3] However, George Stephanopoulos assumed the news division's Chief Anchor position that had traditionally been assigned to the anchor of World News.[27] Following the departure of Diane Sawyer, the title of the program was also silently rebranded back to World News Tonight for the first time since 2006.[13] Amy Robach and Tom Llamas have substituted for Muir. World News Tonight was the most watched network evening newscast for the week of March 30, 2015.[28] This was the first time the broadcast was #1 in seven years, beating out Nightly News in all categories.

Anchors[edit]

Weekdays[edit]

Weekends[edit]

Weekend newscasts[edit]

ABC first attempted an early evening weekend newscast in July 1975, when it debuted a Saturday bulletin that was anchored by Ted Koppel. The broadcast, however, was not carried by many stations, and it was cancelled about a year later.

Three years later, after the flagship weeknight broadcast became World News Tonight, the program expanded to six nights a week with the premiere of World News Sunday on January 28, 1979, and to a full seven days with the restoration of a Saturday newscast (World News Saturday) on January 5, 1985, years after NBC and CBS had each launched their own weekend evening news programs. These editions added the word "Tonight" to the program title in the mid-1990s, further unifying it with the weekday editions, and in the mid-2000s, their respective names were shortened uniformally to World News Tonight to correspond with those broadcasts. However, the original names were restored on July 19, 2006, concurrent with the retitling of the weekday broadcasts, but the opening title sequence displayed the name as World News for both the Saturday and Sunday editions.

Prior to 1975, the only network newscasts that ABC stations broadcast on weekends were 15-minute late-night updates on Saturdays and Sundays, seen on many affiliates in tandem with the local stations' own 11:00/10:00 p.m. newscasts, although some stations opted to tape-delay the network updates until immediately before their regular sign-off time (rival CBS also offered a 15-minute Sunday night bulletin during the 1970s and 1980s). Because of declining affiliate interest (in part because of the proliferation of 24-hour cable news channels such as CNN) and low viewership, ABC discontinued the late-night weekend reports in September 1991.

In addition, starting in 1973, weeknight co-anchor Harry Reasoner hosted The Reasoner Report, a half-hour topical analysis of important stories (especially breaking developments in the Watergate scandal) in the vein of CBS's 60 Minutes, which Reasoner himself co-moderated at two different times. Affiliates usually carried the program on Saturday evenings in the time slots where the main newscast aired on weeknights. The program, which had affiliate clearance problems and was thus unsuccessful in terms of ratings, ended in 1975, replaced by the network's inaugural Saturday newscast (see above).

Some former anchors of the weekend news broadcasts include Sam Donaldson (Sunday edition, 1979–1988), Kathleen Sullivan (Saturday edition, 1985–1987), Charles Gibson (Saturday edition, 1987–1988), Forrest Sawyer (Saturday edition, 1988–2000), Carole Simpson (Sunday edition, 1988–2003), Aaron Brown (Saturday edition, 2006-2007), Terry Moran (Saturday edition, 2004–2005), Bob Woodruff (Sunday edition, 2004–2005), Dan Harris (Sunday edition, 2006–2011) and David Muir (Saturday edition, 2007–2011; Saturday and Sunday editions, 2011–2014). Muir, who had taken over World News Saturday in 2007, took over the Sunday broadcast in 2011, ending the practice of using separate anchors for the Saturday and Sunday editions of the program, with ABC renaming both broadcasts as ABC World News with David Muir as a result. David Muir anchored the weekend program until he took over the weekday broadcast in September of 2014. Cecila Vega anchors the Saturday broadcast while Tom Llamas anchors Sunday evenings.

Some ABC affiliates air the Sunday edition of World News Tonight at 6:00 p.m. Eastern and Pacific Time (5:00 p.m. Central and Mountain) – one half-hour earlier than the weekday broadcasts. The program faces clearance issues for its weekend editions like those faced by CBS and NBC, as some affiliates (such as WFAA in Dallas-Fort Worth and WSB-TV in Atlanta) opt to pre-empt the Sunday edition. The weekend editions of World News Tonight may occasionally be abbreviated (with segments and stories that were originally scheduled to air being excised to account for the shortened running time) or preempted outright due to sports telecasts that overrun into its timeslot or occasionally air immediately following the program (the latter pre-emption situation commonly affects stations in the Pacific and Mountain Time Zones); this is particularly common during the fall season, as the Saturday broadcast is usually pre-empted by ABC's college football coverage and during the winter and spring, when the Sunday broadcast is sometimes delayed or pre-empted due to overruns of the network's NBA telecasts.

International newscasts[edit]

ABC News programs, including ABC World News Tonight, are shown for several hours a day on the 24-hour news network Orbit News in Europe and the Middle East. In the Middle East, specifically, the program is also broadcast free-to-air on MBC 4.

In the United Kingdom, the program is shown Tuesday through Fridays at 1:30 a.m. on BBC News, a channel that is frequently simulcast by BBC One at this time, meaning the program was broadcast on analogue terrestrial television in many parts of that country until the digital transition. The newscast is aired on a delay, in part because of the need to remove commercial advertisements, as the BBC's domestic channels operate as commercial-free services, replacing them with promotions for different BBC News special programs. The program was replaced by Asia Business Report and Sport Today on June 14, 2011, but later returned to the channel on August 20, 2012. It is also available on the BBC's on-demand service BBC iPlayer for 28 days after its domestic broadcast.

In Australia, WNT airs every morning at 10:30 a.m. AET on Sky News Australia. In New Zealand, WNT is shown at 5:10 p.m. on Sky News New Zealand.

In Hong Kong, the program was broadcast live on TVB Pearl daily at 07:30 until 08:00 HKT until May 31, 2009, when it was replaced by NBC Nightly News. In Japan, it airs on NHK BS 1 as part of the weekday morning program Ohayo Sekai (Wake Up To The World),[29] and in clip form during the English language educational program ABC News Shower.[30]

In Belize, Great Belize Television carries all editions of World News Tonight each weekday at 8:00 p.m. and weekends at 7:00 p.m.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alyssa Bernstein (August 26, 2014). "Michael Corn Named Senior EP of GMA; Almin Karamehmedovic Named EP of World News". ABC News. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  2. ^ Glen Dickson (August 25, 2008). "Exclusive: World News Kicks Off HD Expansion at ABC — World News with Charles Gibson, Nightline to Begin Broadcasting in 720p HD Aug. 25". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved September 24, 2009. 
  3. ^ a b "Meet David Muir, the Man Taking Over ABC's 'World News'". Entertainment Tonight. August 27, 2014. Retrieved August 29, 2014. 
  4. ^ Chris Ariens (September 24, 2013). "Evening News Ratings: 2012-2013 Season". TVNewser. Retrieved September 30, 2013. 
  5. ^ "A Brief History of Captioned Television". National Captioning Institute. Retrieved April 28, 2011. The ABC News was rebroadcast on PBS five hours after its broadcast on ABC-TV. From the time The Captioned ABC News was first produced in 1973, it was the only timely newscast accessible to deaf and hard of hearing people until NCI's real-time captioning service started in 1982. 
  6. ^ "When would Diane take over WNT". TVNewser. March 9, 2006. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved April 28, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Charlie Gibson WNTS Temporary Permanent Replacement". TVNewser. March 13, 2006. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved April 28, 2011. 
  8. ^ Staff writer (November 19, 2002). "Charles Gibson Named Sole Anchor of 'World News Tonight' — Elizabeth Vargas to Step Down to Take Maternity Leave and Return to Co-Anchor '20/20' and Anchor ABC News Specials in the Fall". ABC News. Retrieved September 24, 2009. 
  9. ^ "Gibson Takes Over World News Tonight". Zap2it. May 26, 2006. Retrieved September 24, 2009. 
  10. ^ Joe Garofoli (May 24, 2006). "ABC News Turns to Morning Host to Take on Couric". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 24, 2009. 
  11. ^ "Charles Gibson: Your Trusted Source". TVNewser. May 29, 2006. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved April 28, 2011. 
  12. ^ Staff writer (July 19, 2006). "ABC's Flagship Newscast Changes Name to 'World News With Charles Gibson' — New Name Reflects Program's Place in the 24-Hour Digital Space". ABC News. Retrieved September 24, 2009. 
  13. ^ a b "ABC Brings ‘Tonight’ Back to ‘World News’". TVNewser (Prometheus Global Media). August 29, 2014. Retrieved August 29, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Evening News Ratings: Williams Tops Gibson In November Sweeps". December 4, 2007. 
  15. ^ "A Matrix of News Winners Buoys NBC". The New York Times. March 8, 2009. 
  16. ^ Brian Stelter; Bill Carter (December 1, 2009). "ABC Plans Low-Key Handoff for ‘World News’". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 4, 2009. Retrieved December 30, 2009. [not in citation given]
  17. ^ "Charles Gibson, last broadcast". YouTube.com. Retrieved February 3, 2010. 
  18. ^ Chris Ariens (December 22, 2009). "A Much Cleaner Job for Mike Rowe: The Voice of 'World News with Diane Sawyer". Politico. Retrieved December 22, 2009. 
  19. ^ "ABC Unveils New 'World News' Set". TVNewser. August 23, 2010. Retrieved April 28, 2011. 
  20. ^ Mike Allen (October 18, 2009). "George Stephanopoulos Role Grows at ABC". Politico. Retrieved December 30, 2009. 
  21. ^ Julie Moos (October 18, 2011). "Tyndall: ABC spends half its evening newscast on ‘soft news’". Poynter. Retrieved October 7, 2013. 
  22. ^ David Bauder (October 17, 2011). "New life in television's evening news". Yahoo News. Retrieved October 7, 2013. 
  23. ^ "Diane Sawyer to Step Down as 'World News' Anchor". ABC News. June 25, 2014. Retrieved August 5, 2014. 
  24. ^ "Diane Sawyer stepping down from ABC's 'World News'". USA Today. June 25, 2014. 
  25. ^ Diane Sawyer (August 27, 2014). "See you tonight for my last night anchoring @ABCWorldNews – great adventures ahead !". Twitter. 
  26. ^ ""World News" Wins Among Adults 25-54 and Adults 18-49 with Largest Margins Since 2007". ABC News. September 2014. 
  27. ^ Gary Levin (June 25, 2014). "ABC News changes mark a big 'turning point'". USA Today. Gannett Company. ISSN 0734-7456. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  28. ^ http://www.adweek.com/tvnewser/abc-world-news-tonight-is-no-1-for-first-time-in-7-years/259965
  29. ^ "おはよう世界". NHK. Archived from the original on April 29, 2011. Retrieved April 28, 2011. 
  30. ^ "きょうの世界". NHK. March 28, 2011. Retrieved April 28, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]