World Peace Council prizes

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The World Peace Council (WPC), an anti-imperialist non-governmental organization, has awarded a number of prizes, beginning in 1950.[1] These have been awarded to individuals, organisations, peoples, and places. Typically, several winners would be voted at one WPC congress; these, or their representative, would receive their prize at a later congress, or from a WPC delegation. Extra prizes were awarded in 1959 and 1964, to mark the WPC's 10th and 15th anniversaries.[1]

The awards include:

  • International Peace Prize established at the first World Congress of Peace held in April 1949, in Paris.[1] The original 1949 regulations envisaged prizes for art, literature, film, or industrial work which advanced the cause of peace among nations.[2] In 1951, the WPC recategorised three distinct awards:[1]
    • International Peace Prize, last awarded in 1957.[2]
    • Honorary International Peace Prize, for posthumous award.
    • Medal of Peace, renamed in 1959 the Joliot-Curie Medal of Peace,[2] in honour of Frédéric Joliot-Curie, who led the WPC till his death in 1958. This medal has been awarded in silver, but the highest WPC honour is the gold medal.
  • Ho Chi Minh Award, a leadership award established in honour of Ho Chi Minh (not to be confused with the Ho Chi Minh Prizes awarded by the Vietnamese government).
  • Amilcar Cabral Award, established in 1973 in honour of Amílcar Cabral, for contributions to "the struggle against imperialism and colonialism".[3][4] (The Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau governments also award Amilcar Cabral prizes.)

The WPC was dominated by the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Many winners of its prizes have also won the Lenin Peace Prize, a separate prize awarded by a panel appointed by the Soviet government.

List of award winners[edit]

Date Awardee Type Country Award Notes Refs
1950 Fucik, JuliusJulius Fučík Person Czechoslovakia Honorary International Peace Prize Posthumous. [1]
1950 Picasso, PabloPablo Picasso Person Spain International Peace Prize [1]
1950 Neruda, PabloPablo Neruda Person Chile International Peace Prize [1]
1950 Robeson, PaulPaul Robeson Person United States International Peace Prize [1]
1950 Hikmet , NâzımNâzım Hikmet Person Turkey International Peace Prize [1]
1950 Jakubowska, WandaWanda Jakubowska Person Poland International Peace Prize For her 1948 film Ostatni etap ("The Last Stage") [1][5]
1950 Portinari, CandidoCandido Portinari Person Brazil Gold Medal [1]
1950 Bloch , Jean-RichardJean-Richard Bloch Person France Gold Medal [1]
1950 Sadoveanu , MihailMihail Sadoveanu Person Romania Gold Medal [1]
1950 Guttuso, RenatoRenato Guttuso Person Italy Gold Medal [1]
1950 Dobias, VaclavVáclav Dobiaš Person Czechoslovakia Gold Medal [1]
1950 Daquin, LouisLouis Daquin Person France Gold Medal [1]
1950 Al-Tariq Work Lebanon Gold Medal Journal. [1]
1950 Iunost' mira (Юность мира, "Youth of the World") Work Soviet Union / Hungary Gold Medal Documentary about the 1949 World Youth Festival in Budapest. [1][6]
1950 Warsaw Place Poland Honorary International Peace Prize An exceptional award to the city as "a symbol of peaceful restoration". [1]
1953 Vaptsarov, NikolaNikola Vaptsarov Person Bulgaria Honorary International Peace Prize Posthumous award. [1]
1953 Mendez, LeopoldoLeopoldo Méndez Person Mexico International Peace Prize Member of the Comite por la Paz Mexicano [1][7]
1953 Anand, Mulk RajMulk Raj Anand Person India International Peace Prize [1][8][9]
1953 Du Bois, W.E.B.W.E.B. Du Bois Person United States International Peace Prize Won the Lenin Peace Prize in 1959. [1][10]
1953 Eluard, PaulPaul Éluard Person France International Peace Prize [1]
1953 Laxness, HalldorHalldór Laxness Person Iceland International Peace Prize [1]
1953 Hellberg , MartinMartin Hellberg Person Germany DR International Peace Prize For directing Das verurteilte Dorf ("The condemned village"). [1][11]
1953 Stern , KurtKurt Stern Person Germany DR International Peace Prize For co-writing Das verurteilte Dorf ("The condemned village"). [1][11]
1953 Stern , JeanneJeanne Stern Person Germany DR International Peace Prize For co-writing Das verurteilte Dorf ("The condemned village"). [1][11]
1953 Effel , JeanJean Effel Person France Gold Medal [1]
1953 Nezval , VítězslavVítězslav Nezval Person Czechoslovakia Gold Medal [1]
1953 Aldridge , JamesJames Aldridge Person Australia Gold Medal For his novel The Diplomat. [1][12]
1953 Santoro , CláudioCláudio Santoro Person Brazil Gold Medal For his orchestral work Canto de Amor e Paz. [1]
1953 Oliver , Maria RosaMaria Rosa Oliver Person Argentina Gold Medal [1]
1953 Akamatsu , ToshikoToshiko Akamatsu Person Japan Gold Medal For Hiroshima panels [1]
1953 Maruki , IriIri Maruki Person Japan Gold Medal For Hiroshima panels [1]
1953 Alavi , BozorgBozorg Alavi Person Iran Gold Medal [1][13]
1953 Salandre , JeanJean Salandre Person France Gold Medal [1]
1953 Csorvás, S.S. Csorvás Person Romania Gold Medal For sculpture "Korean partisans" [1]
1953 , Carlos Augusto LeónCarlos Augusto León Person Venezuela Gold Medal [1]
1953 Perez, Luis CarlosLuis Carlos Pérez Person Colombia Gold Medal [1]
1953 Aaltonen , WäinöWäinö Aaltonen Person Finland Gold Medal For statue entitled "Peace". [1][14]
1954 Chaplin, CharlieCharlie Chaplin Person United Kingdom International Peace Prize [1]
1954 Shostakovich, DmitriDmitri Shostakovich Person Soviet Union International Peace Prize [1]
1955 Bartók , BélaBéla Bartók Person Hungary Honorary International Peace Prize Posthumous award [1][15]
1955 Herriot, EdouardÉdouard Herriot Person France International Peace Prize [1]
1955 Ivens , JorisJoris Ivens Person Netherlands International Peace Prize [1]
1955 Zavattini, CesareCesare Zavattini Person Italy International Peace Prize [1]
1955 Castro, JosueJosué de Castro Person Brazil International Peace Prize [1]
1956 Joliot-Curie, IreneIrène Joliot-Curie Person France Honorary International Peace Prize Posthumous award [1]
1956 Melish, William HowardWilliam Howard Melish Person United States International Peace Prize [1][16]
1956 Qi Baishi, Qi Baishi Person China PR International Peace Prize [1]
1956 Kazantzakis , NikosNikos Kazantzakis Person Greece International Peace Prize [1]
1957 Russell, BertrandBertrand Russell Person United Kingdom International Peace Prize Refused award. [17]
1957 Moruo, GuoGuo Moruo Person China PR Joliot-Curie medal [18]
 ? Schultz, BudBud Schultz Person United States International Peace Prize [19]
1959 Glezos, ManolisManolis Glezos Person Greece Joliot-Curie gold medal [1][20]
1959 Cunha , Tristao de BraganzaTristao de Braganza Cunha Person Goa Gold medal Posthumous award [21]
1959 Afro-Asian People's Solidarity Organization Organisation International Gold medal [1]
1959 Mouvement de la Paix Organisation France Gold medal [1]
1959 Czechoslovak Peace Committee Organisation Czechoslovakia Gold medal [1]
1959 Polevoy , BorisBoris Polevoy Person Soviet Union Gold medal [1]
1959 Stancu, ZahariaZaharia Stancu Person Romania Gold medal [1]
1959 Hanna, GeorgeGeorge Hanna Person Lebanon Gold medal [1]
1959 Poblete de Espinosa , OlgaOlga Poblete de Espinosa Person Chile Gold medal [1]
1959 Sanderson , EvaEva Sanderson Person Canada Gold medal [1]
1959 Adzhubei, AlexeiAlexei Adzhubei Person Soviet Union silver medal [22]
1959 Zhukov, YevgenyYevgeny Zhukov Person Soviet Union Joliot-Curie silver medal [23]
1959 Fedin, KonstantinKonstantin Fedin Person Soviet Union Joliot-Curie silver medal [24]
1959 Lysenko , TrofimTrofim Lysenko Person Soviet Union Joliot-Curie silver medal [25]
 ? Topchiev , Aleksandr V.Aleksandr V. Topchiev Person Soviet Union Silver medal [26]
1959 Prichard, Katharine SusannahKatharine Susannah Prichard Person Australia Medal [27]
1959 Kurchatov, IgorIgor Kurchatov Person Soviet Union Joliot-Curie silver medal [28]
1959 Morrow , BillBill Morrow Person Australia Joliot-Curie silver medal [29]
1959 Aggarwal, R. K.R. K. Aggarwal Person India Joliot-Curie silver medal [30]
1959 Kapitsa, PyotrPyotr Kapitsa Person Soviet Union Joliot-Curie silver medal [31]
1959 Marinello Vidaurreta , JuanJuan Marinello Vidaurreta Person Cuba Joliot-Curie silver medal [32]
1960 Targetti, FerdinandoFerdinando Targetti Person Italy Gold medal [1]
1960 Diehl , WalterWalter Diehl Person Germany FR Gold medal [1]
1960 HorethMenge, EdithEdith Höreth-Menge Person Germany FR Gold medal [1]
1960 Eckert, ErwinErwin Eckert Person Germany FR Gold medal [1]
1960 Wohlrath , GerhardGerhard Wohlrath Person Germany FR Jubilee Silver medal [1]
1960 Tiefes , GustavGustav Tiefes Person Germany FR Jubilee Silver medal [1]
1960 Oberhof, JohannesJohannes Oberhof Person Germany FR Jubilee Silver medal [1]
1960 Kompalla , ErichErich Kompalla Person Germany FR Jubilee Silver medal [1]
1960 Khrushchev , NikitaNikita Khrushchev Person Soviet Union Medal [33]
1961 Ehrenburg , IlyaIlya Ehrenburg Person Soviet Union Gold medal Marking his 70th birthday. [1]
1961 Cotton , EugénieEugénie Cotton Person France Gold medal Marking her 80th birthday. [1]
1961 World Federation of Democratic Youth Organisation International Gold medal [1]
 ? Political prisoners in Francoist Spain Persons Spain Gold medal [34]
 ? Gribachov, NicolaiNicolai Gribachov Person Soviet Union Grand Silver medal [35]
 ? Skobeltsyn , DmitriDmitri Skobeltsyn Person Soviet Union Medal [36]
 ? Cardenas, LazaroLazaro Cardenas Person Mexico Joliot-Curie medal [37]
1963 Glezos, ManolisManolis Glezos Person Greece Gold medal [1]
1963 Lambrakis, GregorisGregoris Lambrakis Person Greece Gold medal Posthumous award [1]
1963 Odinga, Jaramogi OgingaJaramogi Oginga Odinga Person Kenya Gold medal [38]
1964 Grimau, JuliánJulián Grimau Person Spain Gold medal Posthumous award. [1]
1964 Munir, TawfiqTawfiq Munir Person Iraq Gold medal Posthumous award. [1]
1964 Boumendjel, AhmedAhmed Boumendjel Person Algeria Gold medal Posthumous award. [1]
1964 Szakasits, ArpadÁrpád Szakasits Person Hungary Gold medal Marking his 75th birthday. [1]
1964 Targetti , FerdinandoFerdinando Targetti Person Italy Gold medal [1]
1964 Friedrich , WalterWalter Friedrich Person Germany DR Gold medal [1]
1964 Weber, AlfredAlfred Weber Person Germany FR Gold medal [1]
1964 Elfes , WilhelmWilhelm Elfes Person Germany FR Gold medal [1]
1964 Johnson , HewlettHewlett Johnson Person United Kingdom Gold medal [1]
1964 Kulczyński , StanisławStanisław Kulczyński Person Poland Gold medal [1]
1964 Potamitis , YiangosYiangos Potamitis Person Cyprus Gold medal [1]
1964 Casella , Alberto T.Alberto T. Casella Person Argentina Gold medal [1]
1964 Gabaldón , José R.José R. Gabaldón Person Venezuela Gold medal [1]
1964 Boulier , JeanJean Boulier Person France Gold medal [1]
1964 Wasilewska, WandaWanda Wasilewska Person Soviet Union / Poland Gold medal [1]
1964 Chkhikvadze, ViktorViktor Chkhikvadze Person Soviet Union Gold medal [1]
1964 Kotov , MikhailMikhail Kotov Person Soviet Union Gold medal [1]
1964 Hiroshima Place Japan Gold medal [1]
1964 Nagasaki Place Japan Gold medal [1]
1964 Mandela, NelsonNelson Mandela Person South Africa Joliot-Curie gold medal [39]
1964 Iwaszkiewicz, JaroslawJarosław Iwaszkiewicz Person Poland Joliot-Curie gold medal [40]
1965 Mohi El Din, KhaledKhaled Mohi El Din Person Egypt Gold medal [1]
1965 Ahmed el Sheikh , ShafiShafi Ahmed el Sheikh Person Sudan Gold medal [1]
1965 Hartley , Francis JohnFrancis John Hartley Person Australia Joliot-Curie gold medal [41]
1965 Burhop, Eric Henry StoneleyEric Henry Stoneley Burhop Person Australia Joliot-Curie gold medal [42]
1966 Tereshkova, ValentinaValentina Tereshkova Person Soviet Union Joliot-Curie gold medal [43]
1966 Neto, AgostinhoAgostinho Neto Person Angola Joliot-Curie medal [44][45]
1966 Marinello Vidaurreta , JuanJuan Marinello Vidaurreta Person Cuba Joliot-Curie gold medal [32][46]
1968 Neruda , PabloPablo Neruda Person Chile Joliot-Curie gold medal [47]
1969 Lukacs, GyorgyGyörgy Lukács Person Hungary Joliot-Curie medal [48]
1969 Tsevegmid, DondogiynDondogiyn Tsevegmid Person Mongolia Joliot-Curie medal [49]
1969 Pritt, Denis NowellDenis Nowell Pritt Person United Kingdom Joliot-Curie medal [50]
1969 Pesce , HugoHugo Pesce Person Peru Joliot-Curie medal Posthumous award. [51]
1970 Nehru, JawaharlalJawaharlal Nehru Person India Joliot-Curie medal Posthumous award. [52]
1971 King, Martin LutherMartin Luther King Person United States Joliot-Curie gold medal Posthumous award, accepted by Ralph Abernathy of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. [53]
1971 Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum Organisation Poland Joliot-Curie gold medal [54]
1972 Cabral, AmílcarAmílcar Cabral Person Guinea-Bissau / Cape Verde Joliot-Curie medal [4]
1972 Castro , FidelFidel Castro Person Cuba Joliot-Curie gold medal [55]
1972 Tsedenbal , YumjaagiinYumjaagiin Tsedenbal Person Mongolia Joliot-Curie gold medal [56][57]
1972 Nasser, Gamal AbdelGamal Abdel Nasser Person Egypt Joliot-Curie medal Posthumous award. [58]
1972 Allende, SalvadorSalvador Allende Person Chile Joliot-Curie gold medal [55]

[58][59]

1972 Coalition for Peace and Justice Organisation United States Joliot-Curie medal [58]
1972 Organization of African Unity Organisation International Joliot-Curie medal [58]
1972 Lao "the people of Lao fighting for independence and freedom" Place Laos Joliot-Curie medal [58]
1973 Goor, RaymondRaymond Goor Person Belgium Joliot-Curie gold medal [60]
1973 Rahman , Sheikh MujiburSheikh Mujibur Rahman Person Bangladesh Joliot-Curie medal [61]
1974 Gierek, EdwardEdward Gierek Person Poland Joliot-Curie gold medal [62]
1975 Kekkonen, UrhoUrho Kekkonen Person Finland Joliot-Curie gold medal [63]
1975 Arafat, YasserYasser Arafat Person Palestine Joliot-Curie gold medal [63][64]
1975 Makarios III, Makarios III Person Cyprus Joliot-Curie gold medal [63]
1975 Government of North Vietnam Organisation Vietnam DR Joliot-Curie gold medal [63]
1975 Government of South Vietnam Organisation Vietnam Rep Joliot-Curie gold medal [63]
1975 United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid Organisation International Joliot-Curie gold medal [63][65]
1975 United Nations Special Committee on Decolonisation Organisation International Joliot-Curie gold medal [63][65]
1975 Brezhnev, LeonidLeonid Brezhnev Person Soviet Union Joliot-Curie gold medal Considered a riposte to Andrei Sakharov's 1975 Nobel Peace Prize. [66]
1976 Machel , SamoraSamora Machel Person Mozambique Joliot-Curie gold medal [67]
1977 Vietnam Place Vietnam Joliot-Curie medal Presented to Nguyễn Hữu Thọ. The Vietnamese government had earlier awarded the WPC its Friendship Order. [68][69][70]
1977 World Marxist Review Work Czechoslovakia [71]
1977 Ceausescu, NicolaeNicolae Ceauşescu Person Romania Joliot-Curie medal The award was delayed by Soviet objections, but pushed through by Indira Gandhi. [72]
1978 Mengistu, Haile Mariam Mengistu Haile Mariam Person Ethiopia Joliot-Curie gold medal [73][74]
1979 Manley, MichaelMichael Manley Person Jamaica Joliot-Curie gold medal [75]
1980 Samrin, HengHeng Samrin Person Kampuchea Joliot-Curie medal [76]
1980 Arafat, YasserYasser Arafat Person Palestine Ho Chi Minh award [77]
1980 Sotolongo Guerra, FedericoFederico Sotolongo Guerra Person Cuba Medal [78]
1981 Sandinista National Liberation Front Organisation Nicaragua Ho Chi Minh award [79]
1981 Seregni, LiberLíber Seregni Person Uruguay Joliot-Curie gold medal [80]
1983 Reddy, Enuga SreenivasuluEnuga Sreenivasulu Reddy Person India Joliot-Curie gold medal Director of the UN Centre against Apartheid [65]
1983 Maitama Sule , YusufYusuf Maitama Sule Person Nigeria Joliot-Curie gold medal Chairman of the UN Special Committee against Apartheid [65]
1985 Jackson , James E.James E. Jackson Person United States Joliot-Curie gold medal [81]
1986 African National Congress Organisation South Africa Ho Chi Minh award Accepted by Oliver Tambo. [82]
1986 Nujoma, SamSam Nujoma Person Namibia Ho Chi Minh award [83]
1986 Bratislava Place Czechoslovakia Town of Peace [84]
1988 Nyerere , JuliusJulius Nyerere Person Tanzania Joliot-Curie medal [85]
1988 Pimen I of Moscow, Pimen I of Moscow Person Soviet Union Joliot-Curie gold medal [86]
1989 Ortega, DanielDaniel Ortega Person Nicaragua Joliot-Curie gold medal [87]
 ? Patterson, P. J.P. J. Patterson Person Jamaica Joliot-Curie medal [88]

In 2002, the WPC denied news reports that it had given a prize to Meles Zenawi.[89]

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