World Socialist Movement

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Cover of World Socialist issue 6 (Winter 1986 to 1987).

The World Socialist Movement (WSM) is an international organisation of socialist parties created in 1904 with the founding of the Socialist Party of Great Britain. The member parties share a common classical Marxist worldview and an adherence to socialism defined as a distinct economic system from capitalism. As a result, the parties of the World Socialist Movement are held in sharp contrast to Social democratic political parties and Marxist-Leninist movements. In contrast to Social democratic parties, the World Socialist parties do not pursue social and economic reforms to capitalism, nor do they seek political office in electoral politics, and they do not focus on "progressive" causes, believing such actions to be irrelevant to their fundamental goal of socialism. In contrast to Marxist-Leninist Communist parties, they do not subscribe to the theories of Imperialism, Vanguardism and Democratic centralism, believing such practices to be antithetical to the realization of socialism.

The WSPUS defines socialism as a moneyless society based on common ownership of the means of production, production for use, and social relations based on cooperative and democratic associations as opposed to bureaucratic hierarchies. Additionally, the WSPUS includes statelessness, classlessness and the abolition of wage labor as characteristics of a socialist society - characteristics that are usually reserved to describe fully developed communism.

Object

The World Socialist Movement sees its function as the proliferation of socialist ideas and the dissemination of structural analyses and critiques of capitalism, as well as to correct misconceptions regarding socialism and to make people aware of the structural issues inherent to capitalism while facilitating open debate regarding the future organization of a post-capitalist society.[1]

Positions

Capitalism

The WSM takes the position that capitalism is a regressive, backwards system given modern civilizations' current level of technological and economic development, and regardless of how progressive capitalism becomes, it cannot meet the needs of the majority of the population and solve its inherent structural issues. The WSM as an organisation does not participate in labor union activity, social activism or "progressive" movements although individual members may and are permitted to do so, so long as they remain within the context of economic/social rather than political activism. The WSM perceives such activity (such as support for organized labor unions) to be within the scope of the current capitalist system, and therefore insufficient for bringing about fundamental change in the structure of society because the demands of such activities are to reform capitalism.[2] The WSM is differentiated from the majority of socialist parties that have become defined by their strategy and immediate demands, and in the case of Social democratic parties, preoccupied with gaining and maintaining political office, adopting capitalist perspectives in the process.[3]

Socialism

The WSM defines socialism in its classical formulation as a "system of society based upon the common ownership and democratic control of the means and instruments for producing and distributing wealth by and in the interest of the community". Socialism is characterized as a stateless, propertyless, post-monetary economy based on calculation in kind, a free association of producers (workplace democracy) and free access to goods and services produced solely for use and not for exchange.[4]

Impossibilism

The WSM takes an anti-Leninist stance, arguing that a Vanguard party and single-party state is antithetical to the development of socialism and prone to corruption. The WSM believes that socialism can only be achieved through mass support for socialism and educating the public toward that end, and neither promotes nor opposes political reforms of capitalism (such as social democracy), criticizing such reforms as being ineffective for promoting a fundamental restructuring of society toward socialism. The WSM is also opposed to a transition stage between capitalism and socialism, such as "market socialism", arguing that such a transitional stage is no longer necessary given modern technology.

Activity

The World Socialist Movement's activities are solely based on the realization of socialism; and nothing else unrelated to socialism such as social activism and campaigning for non-socialist, socially progressive causes that are irrelevant to socialism as a distinct system from capitalism.

They do however stand in elections on occasion indeed it is their believe that sending delegates to parliament as in their opinion it is a useful tool within the socialist revolution as an additional measure along with a bottom-up reorganization of society on the basis of socialism; this places them within the context of Marxism and therefore distinguishes them from many anarchist organisations that may support the idea of socialism as the WSM sees it but not the Marxist tactics they propose.

Publications

World Socialist was a bi-annual journal that was produced by the international from 1983 to 1987 and the international's only publication to date (World Socialism 69 was a multilingual publication by the Socialist Party of Great Britain). The Western Socialist Journal was published from 1933 to 1980, but from 1939 involved at least two companion parties in North America. Socialist Comment involved at least two companion parties in Australasia.

Companion Parties

All the parties, except the Austrian BDS, began as offshoots from the Socialist Party of Great Britain; WSM members in countries without a companion party of their own are as a rule SPGB members. It is made up of the following parties:

The following parties were at one time companion parties of the WSM but have since disaffiliated or been expelled:

A group used to exist in Sweden, with the name Världsocialistiska gruppen. The Proletarian Party adopted the Object and Declaration of Principles of the SPGB.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Introducing the World Socialist Movement", August 8, 2006: http://www.worldsocialism.org/articles/introducing_the_wsm.php
  2. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions about Socialism and the World Socialist Movement", August 8, 2006: http://www.worldsocialism.org/articles/faq.php
  3. ^ "How the WSM is Different From Other Groups", August 8, 2006: http://www.worldsocialism.org/articles/how_the_wsm_is_different.php
  4. ^ "How the WSM is Different From Other Groups", August 8, 2006: http://www.worldsocialism.org/articles/how_the_wsm_is_different.php

External links