Four World Trade Center
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2012)|
|4 World Trade Center|
4 World Trade Center under construction on May 17, 2013
|Alternative names||4 WTC
150 Greenwich Street
|Location||150 Greenwich Street
New York City, New York
|Construction started||August 2009|
|Opening||November 13, 2013|
|Owner||The Port Authority of NY & NJ|
|Roof||298 m (978 ft)|
|Floor count||78 (inc. 4 basement floors)|
|Floor area||2,500,000 sq ft (230,000 m2)|
|Design and construction|
|Structural engineer||Leslie E. Robertson Associates|
|Main contractor||Tishman Construction|
4 World Trade Center (also known by its street address, 150 Greenwich Street) is a skyscraper that is part of the new World Trade Center complex in New York City. It opened to tenants and the public on November 13, 2013. It is located on the southeast corner of the 16-acre World Trade Center site, where the original nine-story 4 World Trade Center stood. Pritzker Prize-winning architect Fumihiko Maki was awarded the contract to design the building, which will be 978 feet (298 m) tall. As of 2013[update] it is the second tallest skyscraper in the rebuilt World Trade Center, behind One World Trade Center, although 2 World Trade Center and 3 World Trade Center are planned to surpass the building's height upon completion. The total floor space of the building is expected to include 1.8 million square feet (167,000 square meters) of office and retail space. The building's groundbreaking took place in January 2008.
Original building (1975–2001)
The original 4 World Trade Center was a 9-story low-rise office building completed in 1975 that was 118 ft (36 m) tall and in the southeast corner of the site, in Lower Manhattan, New York City. The building's major tenants were Deutsche Bank (Floor 4, 5, and 6) and the New York Board of Trade (Floors 7, 8, and 9). The building's side facing Liberty Street housed the entrance to The Mall at the World Trade Center on the Concourse level of the WTC. It was damaged beyond repair as a result of the September 11 attacks and was later demolished to make way for the construction of the new skyscrapers, Four World Trade Center and Three World Trade Center. 4 World Trade Center was home to five commodities exchanges on what was at the time one of the world's largest trading floors (featured in the Eddie Murphy movie Trading Places). The new Four World Trade Center and Three World Trade Center will stand where 4 World Trade Center formerly stood.
|9||New York Board of Trade|
|8||New York Board of Trade|
|7||New York Board of Trade, Gelderman, Inc., Overseas-Chinese Banking Corp.|
|5||Deutsche Bank, Green Coffee Association|
|L||Tony Gemelli's Restaurant & Bar|
|C||The Mall at the World Trade Center|
The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ) plans to lease approximately 600,766 square feet (55,700 square meters) in 150 Greenwich for its new headquarters. PANYNJ was formerly headquartered in 1 World Trade Center before it was destroyed. The Port Authority signed a 30 year lease. The building will dedicate the space on the lower levels for use by retail businesses and also provide access to an underground "retail and transportation concourse" which will be connected to the PATH terminal at the site. The city of New York also plans to lease 581,642 square feet (54,036.3 m2) in the completed building.
The above-ground portion of the building dedicated for retail use (which consists of the ground floor, the three floors immediately above the ground floor as well as the two floors below ground), will accommodate offices using two distinct floor shapes. From floors 7 through 46, the typical floor space is 36,350 square feet (3,376 square meters) in the shape of a parallelogram (which is designed to echo the configuration of the site). From floors 48 through 63 the floor space will be 28,000 sq ft (2,600 square meters) in the shape of a trapezoid, shaped so that it opens toward the tip of Manhattan Island and also triangulated to face One World Trade Center. The tower will include five levels of mechanical floors. The New York Power Authority selected UTC Power to provide 12 PureCell Model 400 fuel cells that will be used to provide electricity, water and heat. According to the developer, the systems combined will rank as one of the largest installations of fuel cells in the world. The upper floors of the building have no interior columns.
Groundbreaking took place in 2008. The building reached street level in November 2009. The safety cocoon was installed December 2010. The first glass was installed May 2011. In November 2010, three PureCell fuel cells were delivered at the World Trade Center site which together will provide about 30% of the tower’s power. The structural engineer for the building is Leslie E. Robertson Associates, New York City.
On February 16, 2012, one of the building's construction crane cables snapped while lifting steel, causing the steel to fall 40 stories from the building, landing on a flat bed truck. No injuries were reported. Construction on the building eventually resumed after the accident.
The construction history at the 4 World Trade Center site includes these milestones:
- June 25, 2012: steel topped out at floor 72
- June 1, 2013: structural steel and concrete complete
- September 2013: construction fencing being removed
- November 13, 2013: building opens
- List of tallest buildings in New York City
- List of tenants in Four World Trade Center
- World Trade Center
- Marriott World Trade Center
- 5 World Trade Center
- 6 World Trade Center
- 7 World Trade Center
- "|| World Trade Center ||". Wtc.com. 2013-12-31. Retrieved 2014-02-03.
- "Stacking Diagram | 4 World Trade Center | Silverstein Properties". 4wtc.com. Retrieved 2014-02-03.
- Four World Trade Center at Emporis
- Four World Trade Center at SkyscraperPage
- Four World Trade Center at Structurae
- Newman, Andy; Correal, Annie (November 13, 2013). "New York Today: Skyward". The New York Times.
- "Designs for the Three World Trade Center Towers Unveiled" (Press release). Lower Manhattan Development Corporation. September 7, 2006. Retrieved 2010-05-23.
- 150 Greenwich St., Maki and Associates, Architectural Fact Sheet - September 2006. Retrieved 2007-02-09
- Pogrebin, Robin (May 3, 2006). "Richard Rogers to Design Tower at Ground Zero". The New York Times. Retrieved 2006-06-22.
- Tenant list on cnn.com
- Dunlap, David W. (July 9, 2008). "Answers About Ground Zero Rebuilding". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-07-09.
- Troianovski, Anton (November 1, 2010). "WTC Taps Fuel Cells". The Wall Street Journal.
- Post, Nadine M. (September 18, 2006). "Ground Zero Office Designs Hailed as Hopeful Symbols". Engineering News-Record. p. 12.
- Rosenberg, Rebecca; Messing, Philip (February 17, 2012). "35-ton WTC plunge". New York Post. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Four World Trade Center.|
- 4WTC.com - 4 World Trade Center - 150 Greenwich Street - Official site
- Main WTC site - Additional Information
- Tower 4 Design Update (video)
- Images of 150 Greenwich Street (images)
- Images of 4 WTC (Images)
- Emporis entry on this building