World football transfer record

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The three most recent record holders

Kaká (2009)
Cristiano Ronaldo (2009-2013)
Gareth Bale (2013-Present)

This is a list of the progression of the world association football transfer record when measured in British pounds.

Transfer record progression[edit]

Comparison of fees in different nations is complicated by varying exchange rates. This table uses British Pound Sterling as the unit of currency.

Year Player Selling Club Buying Club Fee (£)
1893 Scotland Willie Groves England West Bromwich Albion England Aston Villa 100[1]
1904 Scotland Andy McCombie England Sunderland England Newcastle United 700[citation needed]
1905 England Alf Common England Sunderland England Middlesbrough 1,000[2]
1913 England George Lillycrop England Barnsley England Bolton Wanderers 1,300[citation needed]
1913 England George Utley England Barnsley England Sheffield United 2,000[citation needed]
1914 England Percy Dawson Scotland Heart of Midlothian England Blackburn Rovers 2,500[3]
1922 England Syd Puddefoot England West Ham United Scotland Falkirk 5,000[4]
1922 England Warney Cresswell England South Shields England Sunderland 5,500[5]
1925 England Bob Kelly England Burnley England Sunderland 6,500[6]
1928 England David Jack England Bolton Wanderers England Arsenal 10,890[5]
1932 Argentina Bernabé Ferreyra Argentina Tigre Argentina River Plate 23,000[5]
1949 England Johnny Morris England Manchester United England Derby County 24,000[6]
1949 England Eddie Quigley England Sheffield Wednesday England Preston North End 26,500[6]
1950 Wales Trevor Ford England Aston Villa England Sunderland 30,000[6]
1951 England Jackie Sewell England Notts County England Sheffield Wednesday 34,500[6]
1952 Sweden Hans Jeppson Italy Atalanta Italy Napoli 52,000[5]
1954 Uruguay Juan Schiaffino Uruguay Peñarol Italy Milan 72,000[5]
1957 Argentina Enrique Omar Sivori Argentina River Plate Italy Juventus 93,000[5]
1961 Spain Luis Suárez Spain Barcelona Italy Internazionale 152,000[5]
1963 Italy Angelo Sormani Italy Mantova Italy Roma 250,000[5]
1967 Denmark Harald Nielsen Italy Bologna Italy Internazionale 300,000[citation needed]
1968 Italy Pietro Anastasi Italy Varese Italy Juventus 500,000[5]
1973 Netherlands Johan Cruyff Netherlands Ajax Spain Barcelona 922,000[5]
1975 Italy Giuseppe Savoldi Italy Bologna Italy Napoli 1,200,000[5]
1976 Italy Paolo Rossi Italy Vicenza Italy Juventus 1,750,000[5]
1982 Argentina Diego Maradona Argentina Boca Juniors Spain Barcelona 3,000,000[5]
1984 Argentina Diego Maradona Spain Barcelona Italy Napoli 5,000,000[5]
1987 Netherlands Ruud Gullit Netherlands PSV Eindhoven Italy Milan 6,000,000[5]
1988 Hungary Lajos Détári Germany Eintracht Frankfurt Greece Olympiacos Piraeus 7,000,000[5]
1990 Italy Roberto Baggio Italy Fiorentina Italy Juventus 8,000,000[5]
1992 France Jean-Pierre Papin France Marseille Italy Milan 10,000,000[5]
1992 Italy Gianluca Vialli Italy Sampdoria Italy Juventus 12,000,000[5]
1992 Italy Gianluigi Lentini Italy Torino Italy Milan 13,000,000[5]
1996 England Alan Shearer England Blackburn Rovers England Newcastle United 15,000,000[7]
1997 Brazil Ronaldo Spain Barcelona Italy Internazionale 19,500,000[5]
1998 Brazil Denílson Brazil São Paulo Spain Real Betis 21,500,000[8][9]
1999 Italy Christian Vieri Italy Lazio Italy Internazionale 32,000,000[10]
2000 Argentina Hernán Crespo Italy Parma Italy Lazio 35,500,000[10]
2000 Portugal Luís Figo Spain Barcelona Spain Real Madrid 37,000,000[10]
2001 France Zinedine Zidane Italy Juventus Spain Real Madrid 46,600,000 [A][10][11][12]
2009 Brazil Kaká Italy Milan Spain Real Madrid 56,000,000 [B][13]
2009 Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo England Manchester United Spain Real Madrid 80,000,000 [C][14][15]
2013 Wales Gareth Bale England Tottenham Hotspur Spain Real Madrid 85,300,000 [16]

Number of records by country[edit]

Country Player records Record selling Record buying
England England 12 16 14
Italy Italy 8 13 18
Argentina Argentina 5 3 1
Brazil Brazil 3 1 0
Scotland Scotland 2 1 1
Netherlands Netherlands 2 2 0
France France 2 1 0
Wales Wales 2 1 0
Portugal Portugal 2 0 0
Spain Spain 1 4 9
Uruguay Uruguay 1 1 0
Sweden Sweden 1 0 0
Denmark Denmark 1 0 0

Number of records by continent[edit]

Continent Player records Record selling Record buying
UEFA 34 38 42
CONMEBOL 9 5 1

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

A. a The Juventus FC web site reported the total fee was exactly 150 billion lira. The Juventus FC financial statement for 2002 describes this as approximately €75m. Using the official base exchange rate for lira to pounds for that time (9 July 2001), this is exactly £46,589,576.90[17] in pounds sterling, reported in Britain variously between £46m and £47m at the time.

B. b For comparisons, this list uses a valuation of the fee converted to British pounds at the time of the transfer. Zidane's fee in 2001 was 150 billion lira, then equivalent to €77.5m. This appears to be 30% larger than Figo's €60m fee. That comparison in Euros is coincidentally valid because the British pound and the Euro didn't mutually vary much in the intervening year. Kaká's transfer fee of €65m was eight years later in 2009. Due to the valuation method used in this list, Zidane's fee in "2001-Euros" cannot be compared numerically with Kaká's fee in "2009-Euros". In this context, they are different units of currency, and must be converted to the valuation currency first. This paradox is inherent to multiple currency comparisons across time, regardless of the currency and conversion time-frame are chosen as the standard for valuation.

C. c Conversion by British journalists; the actual offer was made and concluded at €94m.

D. d The Gareth Bale transfer was for exactly €100m.[18] This was converted from euros to pounds by the British media, where it was widely reported as £85.3m. [19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Football: Sidelines, The Independent, 24 January 1998.
  2. ^ Taylor, Matthew (2005). The Leaguers: The Making of Professional Football in England, 1900-1939. p. 42. 
  3. ^ Mortimer, Gavin (2012). A History of Football in 100 Objects. 
  4. ^ Landmark £1m fee for Francis was no big deal for Clough
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "The History of the World Transfer Record". BBC News. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Barnes, Stuart (2007). News of the World Football Annual 2007/2008. Invincible Press. ISBN 978-0-00-725555-9. 
  7. ^ Hughes, Rob (30 July 1996). "Newcastle United Pays Record $23 Million for Sheare". New York Times. Retrieved 3 June 2009. 
  8. ^ "World Cup winner Denilson on trial at Bolton Wanderers". Daily Mail. 6 January 2009. Retrieved 3 June 2009. 
  9. ^ Ash, Russell (2004). Top Ten of Everything 2005. Dorling Kindersley. p. 225. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Real tipped to land Kaka for £56m". BBC. 3 June 2009. Retrieved 3 June 2009. 
  11. ^ "Zidane al Real". Juventus FC (in Italian). 9 July 2001. Archived from the original on 6 August 2001. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  12. ^ "Reports and Financial Statement at 30 June 2002". Juventus FC. 20 September 2002. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  13. ^ "Kaká completes Madrid switch". BBC. 9 June 2009. Retrieved 9 June 2009. 
  14. ^ "Ronaldo agrees six-year Real deal". BBC. 26 June 2009. Retrieved 26 June 2009. 
  15. ^ Wilson, Steve (12 June 2009). "Cristiano Ronaldo transfer: Q&A of £80m deal between Real Madrid and Manchester United". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  16. ^ Other sources:
  17. ^ "Convert ITL to GBP on 9 July 2001". Historic Exchange Rates. "fxtop.com" Paris, France. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  18. ^ "Gareth Bale transfer: Real Madrid confirm signing in reported €100m deal". The Guardian online. 1 September 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2013. 
  19. ^ "Bale completes Real Madrid move". BBC. 1 September 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2013.